Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

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Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries (ICEIPI 2021), Part 1

Series Vol. 1 , 26 December 2021

Open Access | Article

An Examination of Individual Differences in Conformity

Jingtian Guo * 1
1 Santa Margarita Catholic High School

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media, Vol. 1, 163-169
Published 26 December 2021. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Jingtian Guo. An Examination of Individual Differences in Conformity. LNEP (2021) Vol. 1: 163-169. DOI: 10.54254/2753-7048/1/ICEIPI_192.


The current work aimed to examine how individual differences affect rates of conformity and further reflects upon how this may relate to coronavirus safety behaviors today. This is a theoretical paper that covers literature from both meta-analyses and experimental work, reviewing the principles and processes underlying an individual's likelihood to conform under different internal and external factors. Specifically, this work will address individual differences on the basis of age, sex, personality, and culture, and will then integrate how these traits may be at play when conforming (or not) to the COVID-19 safety procedures (i.e. wearing a mask, social distancing, and washing hands). The paper concludes that rates of conformity among individuals tend to decrease with increasing age, females tend to show a higher level of conformity, people with a personality marked by high stability conform more than people with greater plasticity in their personality, and collectivist cultures result in a higher level of conformity than individualist cultures.


age, sex, personality, individual conformity, culture, COVID-19


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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries (ICEIPI 2021), Part 1
ISBN (Print)
ISBN (Online)
Published Date
26 December 2021
Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media
ISSN (Print)
ISSN (Online)
© 2023 The Author(s)
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated