Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

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Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

Vol. 19, 26 October 2023


Open Access | Article

‘Reduction’ or Restrain? Social Reproduction in China’s Compulsory Education under the ‘Double Reduction’ Policy

Jiahui Tang * 1
1 King’s College London

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media, Vol. 19, 133-138
Published 26 October 2023. © 26 October 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Jiahui Tang. ‘Reduction’ or Restrain? Social Reproduction in China’s Compulsory Education under the ‘Double Reduction’ Policy. LNEP (2023) Vol. 19: 133-138. DOI: 10.54254/2753-7048/19/20231405.

Abstract

The ‘double reduction’ policy was issued in 2021 in China as a means of reducing students’ schoolwork and restricting extracurricular tutoring, thereby alleviating students’ pressure and promote education equality. This paper investigates whether this policy eases educational inequality and promotes social mobility, or it reinforces social reproduction and intensifies social stratification. This paper begins with a brief introduction to China’s compulsory education and the background of the ‘double reduction’ policy. Afterwards, core and related theories of social reproduction are introduced and critically analysed. According to the theories and the context, it is examined how reproduction occurs through China’s compulsory education. Subsequently, a review is conducted of the current impact of this policy, particularly on the acquisition of educational resources by students from different backgrounds. Schools, families, and tutoring institutions are considered the main fields where reproduction take place. It turns out that the ‘double reduction’ policy to students, appears not only as a burden-reduction mechanism, but more like a restriction that hinders the acquisition of necessary assistance by ordinary families while ensuring the availability of high-quality resources for elite families, thus marginalising education resources, privatising education, and perpetuating class privileges among elite families.

Keywords

double reduction policy, social reproduction, shadow education, compulsory education, education reform

References

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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries
ISBN (Print)
978-1-83558-063-9
ISBN (Online)
978-1-83558-064-6
Published Date
26 October 2023
Series
Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media
ISSN (Print)
2753-7048
ISSN (Online)
2753-7056
DOI
10.54254/2753-7048/19/20231405
Copyright
26 October 2023
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated