Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

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Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

Vol. 21, 20 November 2023


Open Access | Article

The Collapse of Democracy in Chile

Jiawei Lin * 1
1 Chengdu University

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Advances in Humanities Research, Vol. 21, 74-80
Published 20 November 2023. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Jiawei Lin. The Collapse of Democracy in Chile. LNEP (2023) Vol. 21: 74-80. DOI: 10.54254/2753-7048/21/20230059.

Abstract

The study of the de-democratization occurring in emerging democracies is one of the key research topics in comparative political science. Some scholars have found that the breakdown of democracy is related to some social structural factors. For example, the inequality of economic development, the degree of political fragmentation of the electorate, and the political institutional arrangements of democracies. Other scholars argue that the collapse of democracy is the result of the actions and choices of political elites. In order to preserve their wealth and status, political elites formed powerful coalitions to undermine democracies, which led to the reversal of democracy into authoritarian regime. Yet there is no single explanation for Chile's democratic collapse. Therefore, this study reviews the literature on the theory of democratic collapse, and analyzes the causes of the democratic collapse in Chile by combining the economic and social conditions of Chile in 1973. The research finds that Chile's democratic collapse is the result of a combination of elite revolt behavior and centrifugal political institutional arrangements. The intense class conflict violates the interests of the political elite and causes the political elite to rebel. At the same time, the centrifugal arrangement of the political system has left the state and the government lacking the ability to effectively counter the revolt behavior of the political elite.

Keywords

Chile, democracy breakdown, political system arrangement, elite revolt behavior

References

1. Bao, G.S. (2019) Politics of Democratic Breakdown. The Commercial Press, Beijing, 309-366.

2. Shi, Q.P. (2022) Elite Countermeasures and Democratic Collapse under Class Conflict. International Political Science, 7(2), 124-155.

3. Albertus, M., Menaldo, V. (2018) Authoritarianism and the Elite Origins of Democracy. Cambridge University Press, 8.

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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Global Politics and Socio-Humanities
ISBN (Print)
978-1-83558-121-6
ISBN (Online)
978-1-83558-122-3
Published Date
20 November 2023
Series
Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media
ISSN (Print)
2753-7048
ISSN (Online)
2753-7056
DOI
10.54254/2753-7048/21/20230059
Copyright
© 2023 The Author(s)
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated