Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

Vol. 19, 26 October 2023

Open Access | Article

An Overview of China’s Vocational Education Practices and Implementation Policies from 2018 to 2022

Fangshuo Sun * 1
1 Shandong Normal University

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media, Vol. 19, 114-132
Published 26 October 2023. © 26 October 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Fangshuo Sun. An Overview of China’s Vocational Education Practices and Implementation Policies from 2018 to 2022. LNEP (2023) Vol. 19: 114-132. DOI: 10.54254/2753-7048/19/20231401.


China has given secondary vocational education more and more priority in recent years. In China’s education community, topics such as student types and training methods are frequently discussed. The nation has released an increasing number of secondary vocational education policies in recent years. This study examines the secondary vocational education policies passed by The State Council of China from 2018 to 2022 in an effort to better understand the development orientation of China’s secondary vocational education. 364 policies pertaining to secondary vocational education were acquired and coded by Nvivo screening. A questionnaire was created based on the coding results, and it was broken down into six dimensions: the professional teaching degree in the classroom, Internet use, “1+x” certificate penetration level, educational resources, the school’s promotion of students’ overall development, and the integration of industry and education. At the same time, special education, which involves the education of the disabled but is rarely included in the policy, is treated as a separate component. For the questionnaire survey, 153 secondary vocational students in total were chosen and dispersed around the nation. Spss and Amos tested the questionnaire. The test passed, and more analysis of the survey results was done.It is determined that while policy implementation is generally going well, there are still issues with student development overall, certificate penetration, and the integration of business and education. This study suggests remedies based on this, such as expanding practical operation training and enhancing school-business collaboration.


vocational education policy, policy analysis, implementation of policy


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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries
ISBN (Print)
ISBN (Online)
Published Date
26 October 2023
Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media
ISSN (Print)
ISSN (Online)
26 October 2023
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated