Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries (ICEIPI 2022), Part I

    Conference Date





    Educational innovation has become an important issue on a global scale. The evolution of society and technology has provided new ways to improve future teaching achievements. It also allows us to seek different solutions to the problems that were difficult to solve in the past. On the other hand, our conference aims at unveiling and inspecting the philosophical inquiries usually hidden among the lines of logical debate. We hope that inter-disciplinary studies with a social scientific focus can all be traced back to the very source of their philosophical pursuits and eventually contribute to the creation of knowledge. 


    978-1-915371-07-2 (Print)

    978-1-915371-08-9 (Online)

    Published Date



    Abdullah Laghari, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology

    Nasir Mahmood, University of Sialkot


  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022285

    Vicious Circle:What Accounts for the Deteriorating US-China Relation

    Nationalism serves as an important base of citizens’ identification of the state. When the economy is not promising, elites tend to use nationalism as a tactic to stabilize people and channel their discontent to foreign states. However, the panacea has serious side effects. This essay will demonstrate how such a tactic could lead to a vicious circle that fulfills and reinforces itself until losing control, which accounts for the deteriorating US-China relation, which is far worse than the underlying interest requires and severely hindering the development of the world. More details will be analyzed to find what particularly accelerates the circle so that possible exits from it could be found. Other common explanations for the rising tension between the US and China are also discussed to make the vicious circle more comprehensive and further unveil the possibilities to ameliorate the status quo.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022297

    Is This a Story That Needs to Be Racialized? Difference in Coverage Assignments and its Influences

    Increasing awareness of lack of diversity in newsroom has been widely seen at American news media. However, studies showed that recruiting minority journalists does not guarantee diverse voices or better working environment for minorities, due to administrative decisions, including assignment of topics based on a journalist’s race. In this study, the author reviews interviews with minority journalists in searching for effects of the influence of such practice, and finds that difference in topic assigning based on their races in the newsroom hinders minority journalists’ performance and perpetuates racial bias in readers.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022298

    Through the Lens of #MeToo: A Discussion on Sexual Violence in Chinese Schools

    There is a global school sexual violence crisis, and China is not free from it. This study discusses the causes and influencing factors of school sexual violence first, including power imbalance in school, traditional gender roles and respect for teachers, as well as the ambiguity or lack of laws. To further study the natures and perspectives of school sexual violence, we analyse the impacts and hindrances of #MeToo movements in the specific context of school sexual violence. Although the positive impacts of #MeToo such as increasing social awareness and individual empowerment proves its efficiency to certain extent, there are still multiple hindrances ahead such as threats from school management and media censorship still reflects, showing how complex the issue of the school sexual violence is.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022321

    Comparative Study of Fascism and Ultra-Nationalism: Concept and Case

    Fascism and ultra-nationalism are closely related, and while fascism absorbs ultra-nationalism, it is also different from it. Leaders played an important role in the transition from ultra-nationalism to fascism and the construction of fascism. The police order is a characteristic of fascism and a bridge between ultra-nationalism and fascism. By comparing the specific cases of German Nazis and Israel under the Religious Zionist Party and New Right, the key difference between fascism and ultra-nationalism is reflected in many aspects. This work will provide a new interpretation path for the integration and comparison of fascism and ultra-nationalism. As well as reference and inspiration for future research on the influence of leaders, ideologies and systems on the historical path of regime change and hierarchical order.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022324

    The History and Future of the Idol Industry

    This article traces the rise of China, Japan and South Korea’s idol industry in the entertainment industry and its process and reasons. How the rise of the idol industry affects the Asian region and has laid the foundation for the future entertainment industry. It is closely connected with the different models of different eras, and derives new models as people's artistic pursuits gradually mature. From traditional idol groups to audiences’ emerging content and to future virtual idols, idolization is always an eternal topic in the entertainment industry with opportunities and challenges. Another purpose of this article is to analyze the current problems facing the idol industry and what changes entertainment companies need to make to deal with these problems.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022330

    The Effects of Sexual Orientation in the Implicit Sexual Double Standards

    As a sexual attitude in this paper, Sexual Double Standard (SDS) refers to gender differences in permissible sexual behavior and is used to refer specifically to stricter standards for women. Specifically, it can be divided into different degrees of permission for certain sexual behaviors between men and women, and differences in evaluation between men and women for the same sexual behaviors. Based on the literature review, this study proposes a hypothesis about gender orientation's effect on implicit SDS and carries out the IAT test (Implicit Association Test) of Implicit SDS. The result show that straight people do have implicit SDS for homosexual people, and gay people have more negative SDS than lesbian people. The significance of this work is to carry out research on minority groups under the SDS, because previous research rarely investigates homosexual groups. We expected that the existing research results can be used to solve the problem of gender inequality in society and eliminate outdated gender discrimination and discrimination against the LGBT community.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022337

    Individual Differences in Self-Esteem in Response to Different Forms of Social Exclusion

    Social exclusion is a dynamic interactive process, yet previous research has mostly focus on the effect of different social exclusions in general terms. In this study, we investigated that whether people’s self-esteem after different categories of social exclusions is moderated by individual differences in Rejection Sensitivity. Participants are first engaged in a Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (Downey & Feldman, 1996) and an explicit self-esteem measurement. After a few weeks, they finished an explicit self-esteem measurement questionnaire which involved one of three kinds of social exclusion occasions. Each questionnaire pointed out the same situation: the participants met a friendly stranger at the weekend party and wanted to deepen their relationship. However, they all received different types of rejection and were in the exclusion condition. Implication of this research is to understand how individual differences in Rejection Sensitivity will affect the consequences in three circumstances of social exclusions: explicit rejection, ostracism, and ambiguous rejection. We expect to find that people with different rejection sensitivity will have different fluctuations in self-esteem in the face of three kinds of social exclusion. For example, people with high rejection sensitivity may suffer a more serious blow to their self-esteem in the face of direct rejection since they feel more anxious and sensitive to being rejected.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022338

    The Influence of Individual Differences of Chinese Learners of German on Their Choices of Internship

    This study aims to explore the influence of individual differences on the internship choices of Chinese undergraduate students in German major and to provide better career service suggestions targeting at foreign language students. This study has significant implications, considering the challenges that final-year undergraduate students in German are faced with and the limited number of previous studies which address these issues. The current study interviewed 23 third-year undergraduates majoring in German to investigate their internship choices and experience, as well as individual differences including language learning motivation, anxiety and character. Only four of them were engaged in German-related internships, eleven were engaged in internships that are not German-related, and eight had no internships yet. Fifteen of them believe that motivation can improve their academic performance. It can be seen that students with integrative motivation will be engaged in German-related internships. Twelve people believe that anxiety has a positive impact on German learning, and one third of whom believe that anxiety improves their German performance to a certain extent, which promotes them to be engaged in German-related internships. However, the influence of character on German learning is uncertain. The results revealed a direct influence of learning motivation on interviewees’ choice of German-related internships, indirect influence of learning anxiety, and no relationship between character and internship choices. This study has implications for better career support to German-major undergraduate students.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022342

    Bridging the Elderly Digital Divide: Research on Strategies of Chinese Public Service

    The aging of the population is a huge problem facing China. In the context of vigorously promoting "internet + public services", new digital public services such as online ticket purchase, smart medical care, online car-hailing, online tax payment and online social insurance are emerging, bringing convenience to the people in enjoying public services, and also causing a series of problems for the elderly. This article discusses the three digital divides that the elderly are facing in public services, and proposes corresponding governance methods for these problems. These research strategies aim to ensure that the elderly can enjoy equal rights to a better life in the digital society. They also hope to provide valuable reflections on the reform strategy of Chinese public service and the long-term development of bridging the digital divide.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022344

    How to Understand Overtones: Mental Mechanisms and Influencing Factors of Irony Comprehension

    Irony can be defined as words that express something other than, and usually intending the opposite of, the literal meaning. Irony is used in different kinds of conditions to criticize, tease or praise others. Irony comprehension is the process of identifying irony and detecting its implied meaning. This article discusses different predictive mental processing of irony comprehension and introduces the factors that affect irony comprehension in existing research. At the end, this article points out limitations of existing research and put forwards some possible improvements in future study.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022345

    The Roles of Social Expectations and Gender in the Development of Psychopathic Traits

    Psychopathy is worth studying because there are not enough studies for the public to keep psychopaths in perspective. This work focuses on how social expectations and gender play their roles in the development of psychology. After reviewing previous studies, the social expectations of genders are assumed to be one of the biggest fundamental factors influencing the formation of psychopathic traits. However, there are not studies focusing on this specific factor. In this work, the experiment is designed to figure out how this factor work. Therefore, this work is expected to fill the gap and provide a new direction for the future research.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022347

    Study on the Sexual Attractiveness of Male Beard and Female Long Hair to the Opposite Sex

    In contemporary society, men gradually increase their demand for shavers to keep their faces clean. Women also seem to pursue long hair by using a wig or artificial hair integrations. So, this paper will analyze these phenomena by studying the role of male beard and female long hair in mating selection from an evolutionary psychology perspective. This work is largely based on empirical evidence, previous studies , and relevant theories (such as short- and long-term mating strategies, parental investment theory, and good genes theory) to verify the hypotheses and generate the results. Unlike our initial assumptions, the result shows that women prefer men with beards in short-term relationships and men without beards in long-term relationships. The results also indicated that men prefer long-haired women more in long-term relationships while not having any preference for long-haired women in short-term relationships.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022350

    Coronation and Coronation Removal: A Study on the Live-streaming Rollover by Her Highness Qiaobiluo —Based on Bakhtin's Carnival Theory

    In the summer of 2019, the hot topic of "Her Highness Qiaobiluo" was shocking. DouYu officials have imposed a permanent ban on the live-streaming of "Her Highness Qiaobiluo". What kind of online orgy is behind the "show farce" of Her Highness Qiaobiluo? Based on the perspective of Bakhtin's carnival theory, this paper analyzes how all the netizens participating in the live farce in the era of intelligent media communication recreated the coronation and coronation ceremony of "Her Highness Qiaobiluo" in the carnival. The article holds that people's life world is also divided into the real world and the network world after entering the internet era, and the network space is very similar to Bakhtin's metaphor of the second world. The popular live-streaming has brought carnivalesque experience to users, but it has also impacted the original social cultural order. The live beauty technique has created an illusory and easily collapsing foreground image for the anchor.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022356

    Realist and Internationalist Perspectives of WTO Reform Challenges From the US-China Trade War and Broader Questioning of the International Trade System

    During its twenty years, WTO’s longstanding commitment to forming the multilateral international trade freedom shaped the rule and system among its hundreds of members. The trading world has been a seamless façade, covering the increasingly revolutionary change of a new, emerging order. The conundrum of WTO reform has been a consequence of global economic imbalance and political conflicts. Two representatives of the world’s extreme ideologies once again compete against each other for decades without effective resolution. WTO needs self-reform, not only for its own international jurisdiction and jurisprudence, but more of the collaboration from a settled international economic and free trade community. We will discuss the relevant elements from two different perspectives from institutionalism and realism.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022358

    An Analysis of Subculture in Fan-made Products in China, Japan and Korea

    With the development of idol culture in recent years, the fandom culture is getting more and more attention in the society. We found that the fan-made goods of the fandom culture have distinct design differences in China, Japan and South Korea. In order to find out the causes of these differences, we summarized relevant literatures, and compared several design cases in three aspects: background design, main character photo selection and color. The results of our study point to three reasons for the differences in design among the three countries: the different degree of development of the idol industry, the difference in the understanding of beauty and inherent concepts in traditional culture, and the different mainstream aesthetics of contemporary society

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022361

    Cultural Habitus, Poverty Traps and High Incidence of Esophageal Cancer—Based on A Field Observation in Linzhou, China

    In the paper, the human behavior risk factors of esophageal cancer will be summarized and sorted out, Linzhou, a high-incidence area of esophageal cancer in northern China, is regarded as the field observation object for the study, and it is hoped that the reasons for many risk factors continuously existing in high-risk areas are explained by Bourdieu’s habitus theory, meanwhile, the existence and prevention of esophageal cancer in Linzhou was described correspondingly, and the economic and cultural background behind it was tried to explore. As an epitome of major prevention and control of diseases in rural areas of China, the study can be an effective supplement to anthropology and epidemiology in the field.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022363

    Exercise and Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Eating Disorders: A Meta-Analysis

    Eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorders, can severely impact people’s physical and mental health. Among all psychological treatments, exercise has been examined lately as one of the novel methods. Multiple literature has proved its benefits on physical health, including improving cardiovascular function and growing skeletal musculature. Moreover, studies have demonstrated its benefits on treating depression and anxiety. However, exercise may be deemed inappropriate in treating eating disorders since patients usually engage in compulsive exercise. In addition to exercise treatment, medications have been broadly applied in eating disorder treatments. Major medications include Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) and anti-psychotics. This meta-analysis aims to determine whether exercise intervention or pharmacological therapy is more effective in treating eating disorders. The result shows little difference in overall effectiveness, but different treatments may impact different symptoms of patients. Future researchers should continuously investigate the effect of exercise intervention and various types of pharmaceuticals to determine their practical application in eating disorder treatment according to the characteristics of specific patients

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022371

    The Impact of Dance on Health —From the Perspective of Developmental Psychology

    Dance, as a non-drug intervention means, has a positive effect on health. From the perspective of developmental psychology, the definition of health has different tendencies at different age. For example, in teenagers, emotional health is worthy of attention. Besides emotional health, cognitive health is also a major concern for the older adults. By introducing dance therapy, this paper sorts out and summarize the influence of dance therapy on teenagers' emotion, as well as the influence on emotion and cognition of the older adults. This study supports the positive influence and role of dance therapy in alleviating negative emotions in the two groups and improving cognitive function in the older adults group, which is of great significance for improving people's happiness index in the future.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-03-01 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/2/2022375

    The Role of Gender in Perceiving Emotions: Anger and Sadness

    This paper focused on the relationship between gender and emotion. It had been stereotyped that woman would sense more sadness than men when facing sad situations, while men would be more outraged than women in angry circumstances. To test our hypothesis, this work recruited a total sample size of 420 people to watch two video clips (angry and sad videos) and completed a survey about the pictures. Their emotional states were unconsciously reflected by their attitudes towards the video clips. Excel and a t-test were implemented to analyze the emotional differences between males and females under each condition (sadness and anger). The result corresponded to our speculation–women tended to feel more despairing than men when watching sad video clips, while men tended to be more irritated than women after watching angry videos.

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