Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Humanities and Communication Studies

    Conference Date

    2023-11-15

    Website

    https://www.icihcs.org/

    Notes

     

    ISBN

    978-1-83558-249-7 (Print)

    978-1-83558-250-3 (Online)

    Published Date

    2024-07-19

    Editors

    Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia

    Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University

Articles

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232015

    Prediction of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Comparison and Tuning of Machine Learning Models

    The early diagnosis in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is crucial for timely interventions to address the patients’ attentional and social challenges. The currently study aims to use machine learning algorithms to accurately predict ASD outcomes. Dataset from a Kaggle competition was used to perform the prediction analysis. Five supervised machine learning algorithms were employed: Logistic Regression (LR), K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), Support Vector Machine Classifier (SVC), Random Forest (RF), and Decision Trees (DT). The models were fine-tuned using a range of possible hyperparameters and evaluated using ROC AUC scores. The best-performing model, Random Forest, achieved a training ROC AUC of 0.93. The model's performance in predicting the unseen test set resulted in a ROC AUC score of 0.8623. The outcome demonstrates the potentials of machine learning models in early prediction of ASD symptoms, which provides support for autistic individuals to enhance their quality of life and education.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232016

    A Framing Metaphorical Analysis of China’s National Images --Based on the 2021 Economic News Reports on China of The Economist

    National image is an important part of China’s “soft power”. The Economist uses a large number of metaphorical frames that relate to all aspects of China’s development. Through these metaphorical frames, The Economist endows reports with its concepts and attitudes towards China, and these metaphorical frames also influence readers in an invisible way. This thesis uses the theory of framing and conceptual metaphor to analyze about 110 economic reports on China in The Economist in 2021. Specifically, three kinds of framing metaphors are discussed. They are war metaphors, sport metaphors, and journey metaphors. By analyzing the national images constructed by metaphors in each frame, the thesis finds that the journal sees China as a rising power, with its rising international status, rapid economic growth, world-leading technology and active participation in global governance, which constructs a positive image of China as a developing and progressive country. However, due to the inherent ideological bias of the West, the report maliciously smears China’s national image, especially in terms of regime and human power. In addition, it also believes that China restricts freedom of speech and its environmental pollution is serious. In conclusion, The Economist has constructed an overall negative national image of China, which has exerted profound international influence. In the context of profound changes in the international communication environment, the author hopes that this thesis can provide some enlightenment for improving China’s international discourse power.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232020

    A Threat and A Corrective for Democracy: An Introduction to Populism in the Past and Present

    With the increasing interdependence between states, populism also rises through opposing current institutions, which gradually becomes a political force in some regions nowadays. However, there is no accepted academic definition of populism. Therefore, this essay lists three major approaches for scholars to define populism, the sociocultural approach, the political-strategic approach, the ideational approach, and makes some critical comments on them. After the evaluations, the reasons why the ideational approach is the most probable method to illustrate populism can be explained. By analyzing the mobilization of populism in different regions, the core features of populists can be reflected and the demands of populists can update with time advance. On the aspect of political effect, this article studies its influence on democratic institutions and policy-making, which show both positive and negative sides under different circumstances. In summary, populism is a special kind of ideology related to the people and the elite that can attach to other ideologies. Besides, populism can remind the rulers to solve some problems when they are in opposition, nevertheless, populism can also be a threat to democracy when they thoroughly control a regime.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232021

    Populism and Its Expression in Italy

    The political practice of populism has long existed in Europe, in recent years, the concept of “populism” has received increasing attention and it has frequently appeared on the political stage in various European countries. “Populism” is especially popular and typical in Italy, while problems also emerge with different forms. What’s more, this ideology always appears as a discourse of two opposing groups. The paper explores the development of populism in Italy, its impact on Italy and Europe as a whole by using a case study of Italian populist political parties and adopting Cas Mudde's definition of populism. As a result, populism could be illustrated as a tool for regulating the European society when there is a democratic imbalance. In the end, we can find the pattern of populism, try to predict its future development and its effects in different spheres in Europe, and then gain some awareness of the predicament of European society.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232022

    Opposition in Four Directions ——The Fragmentation and Polarization of Today’s American Democratic Politics

    With Donald Trump's defeat in the presidential election, America's right-wing populist and non-establishment political leader lost his former glory and was replaced by Joe Biden, who supported multiculturalism and the establishment. However, the end of the general election does not mean the end of the conflict and struggle between the four directions of right-wing populism and multiculturalism, non-establishment camp and establishment camp. The opposition in these four directions makes the dilemma of today's American democratic politics clear. The phenomenon of social division and political polarization deserves attention, and the study of the background and impact of the conflict can help analyze the social problems existing in the United States. The struggle between the left and the right and the establishment complexly exists between the two parties, triggering a series of chain reactions such as Hillary's defeat, Trump's political moves and the "Capitol Hill" incident, and further intensifying the intensity of the struggle. Relevant concepts about struggle will be elaborated, the historical factors of struggle will be traced, and its profound and widespread impact on American society will be analyzed.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232023

    Reflections and Perspectives on China's Food Safety Issues in the Context of Risk Society

    Despite the increasingly sophisticated management systems in China, food safety issues continue to be a persistent problem. This paper examines the underlying issues behind food safety regulation in China, focusing on the recent surge in incidents. Against the backdrop of a risk society, food safety issues have become a hot topic in Chinese society today. Our research on it should not only be limited to interpreting it as a shallow phenomenon of unscrupulous businessmen profiting at the expense of conscience, nor should it be simply attributed to the negative effects of modern food chemical technology development. Instead, we should start from the perspective of the theory of risk society to gain a more thorough understanding and comprehensive reflection. The backdrop of a risk society in transition, China's food safety problem has become increasingly severe. To better withstand risks and move towards a safer society, it is essential to fully recognize the importance of food safety and establish a scientific and reasonable system of risk governance through improving legal mechanisms, risk communication and interest mechanisms.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232024

    Does Corruption Affect the Reduction in Children's Stunting Rate Caused by Foreign Aid?

    Recent empirical evidence has indicated a potential avenue for ameliorating the nutritional status of children in developing nations through focused interventions in the realms of food and agriculture. This research delves into the issue of child stunting prevalence in developing countries, scrutinizing the impact of corruption on the efficacy of such interventions. Utilizing comprehensive data derived from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the World Bank, this study meticulously analyzed evolving trends. Notably, the investigation revealed a diminishing prevalence of child stunting among both genders but the role of total aid emerged as inconsequential in contributing to this positive trend. Furthermore, an intriguing revelation surfaced, indicating that the battle against child malnutrition hinges not solely on the optimized distribution of foreign aid but significantly on the curbing of corruption. The research uncovered a notable improvement in children's nutrition correlated not with the augmentation of foreign aid but with the augmentation of public health expenditures, thereby emphasizing the pivotal role of corruption control. This discernment underscores the imperative need for targeted aid and robust governance mechanisms to effectively combat the formidable challenge of child malnutrition.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232026

    Research on Stress about Elderly Care for Young People

    People have been bothered by anxiety. Studies have shown that the elderly may feel stressed about future life. Few essays focused on the anxiety of younger generations' worries about future post-retirement life, which is going to be the main focus of the study. The research surveyed 101 samples to obtain information on the anxiety level of youth and the causes. By analyzing these samples, attention should be paid to the anxiety of the younger generation, and it varies from person to person. The main reasons for anxiety were concerns about financial issues, loneliness, and illness. Those reasons show rather a large amount of overlap with the anxiety of the elderly due to similar issues: the fear of being accompanied and the financial issues. Besides, some objective factors contributed to anxiety positively: the number of children and the parent's marital status, while their marital status and the number of siblings hurt the participants' stress levels.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232034

    Research on the Impact of COVID-19 on Education Inequality in China

    Educational inequality in China has been a long-standing problem, but the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated its impact. The sudden outbreak of COVID-19 and its extreme spread have severely impacted education systems, creating new challenges for students and educators. The shift in learning styles from classroom to distance learning and campus closures have exacerbated existing inequalities, highlighting the urgency of addressing this issue to ensure equal access to education for all students in China. By analyzing the disparate impacts of campus closures, distance learning, and access to technology on different socioeconomic statuses and regions and highlighting differences in educational opportunities, this paper explores how the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated educational inequalities in China's education system. COVID-19 is exacerbating educational inequality by highlighting disparities in digital access, resource availability, and learning environments, making it harder for disadvantaged groups to access equal educational opportunities.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232043

    Research on the Current Status and Enhancement Strategies of Information Technology Teaching Competence Cultivation for Targeted Teacher Education Students

    This paper investigates the issue of cultivating information technology teaching competence among targeted teacher education students in the context of Education Informatization 2.0 in the northwestern Guangdong region. A self-designed survey questionnaire was used to gather data from targeted teacher education students, analyzing the current status of their information technology teaching competence. The study explores the impact of different grades, teaching subjects, and computer proficiency levels on their information technology teaching competence. The research reveals that targeted teacher education students generally have a lower overall level of information technology teaching competence, with variations among different grades and influences from teaching subjects and computer proficiency levels. The paper emphasizes the significance of enhancing the information technology teaching competence of targeted teacher education students for the improvement of rural education quality and proposes relevant training strategies.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232053

    Relationship Between Inter-regional Disparities in Educational Resources and Economic Development

    The connection between interregional differences in educational resources and economic development has drawn the attention of educational researchers This paper carries out correlation analysis and linear regression analysis on the relationship between educational resource input and economic growth in 31 provinces of China. Taking human, material and financial resources as independent variables, and GDP, talent resources and tax revenue as dependent variables, it is concluded that the level of teachers has a significant positive correlation with the input of educational resources and talent resources and GDP. As a result, this paper puts forward the suggestions to improve the level of teachers, cultivate excellent teachers and expand the financial expenditure on education and optimize the input of education funding structure. The purpose of this paper is to examine how educational resources affect economic development and to make policy recommendations. The adequacy of educational resources may have an impact on a country's human capital, economic growth, technological innovation, employment levels, and the equitable and stable development of a society, which in turn affects the development of the economy, and has important implications for both social equity and sustainable economic development. By examining the impact of educational resources on economic development, this paper serves as a reminder of the importance of educational resources and provides policy recommendations for improving the quality of education and promoting sustainable economic development, thereby contributing to the development of education, economic growth and social progress in our country globally.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232057

    A Brief Analysis of the Main Contents of Mao Zedong’s Cultural Security Construction in New China and Contemporary Insights — Commemorating the 130th Anniversary of Mao Zedong’s Birth

    In the early days of the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong, with the perspective of a proletarian revolutionary and strategist, systematically expounded his thoughts on national cultural security, forming a scientific theoretical system. This paper elaborates on the main contents of Mao Zedong’s ideology regarding the construction of cultural security in New China, revealing its outstanding contributions to the country’s development and providing some insights for contemporary China, which is currently undergoing cultural rejuvenation. In conclusion, a profound understanding of the essence of Mao Zedong’s cultural security construction holds significant practical and guiding significance.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232058

    Analysis of Media Image of Autism Patients in Social Media

    Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with unclear pathogenesis, characterized mainly by social disorders and repetitive stereotypical behaviors, often accompanied by ADHD, sleep disorders, or gastrointestinal problems. In recent years, the incidence rate of autism worldwide has increased at an alarming rate. The general public lacks a comprehensive understanding of the autism population, resulting in biases, discrimination, and stigmatization. Social media has played an important role in accurately presenting and shaping the image of autism for the public, greatly affecting the social situation of patients. In the study, content analysis is used in the study to get the data. 32 previous papers are selected from CNKI and foreign websites to analyse in this study. The time span for selecting samples is from 2009 to 2022 and the samples are mainly about stigmatization, stereotypes, and media image of autism. Through the analyse, media images on autism generally exhibit negatively and are generally one-sided, mostly drifting between the polarization of "genius" and "idiot".

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232060

    A Comparative Analysis of Inclusive Education Policies in China and the United States

    Inclusive education has become popular to ensure equal educational opportunities for students with specific educational requirements or disabilities (SEND). This research paper compares the inclusive education policies in China and the United States with a comprehensive review of relevant literature, examining the conceptual framework, legal framework, and practices. This paper found that China adopts a pragmatic model to practice its policies while the U.S. uses an idealistic model. Furthermore, both countries are working towards attaining UNESCO's definition of inclusive education, facing conflict with neo-liberal education policies. Building on these findings, policymakers and stakeholders in both countries can draw insights to emphasize their country's high priority and foster greater inclusion in education accordingly.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232069

    Exploring the Nature of Syntactic Priming of English-Mandarin Bilinguals Comparing with English Monolinguals

    This study investigates the nature of syntactic priming in English-Mandarin bilinguals. Compared with the English monolinguals, the results show that differences between bilingual and monolingual groups can be attributed to the different syntactic structures and subtle linguistic differences between English and Mandarin, including the impact and potential language interference. The study also emphasizes that there are marginally significant differences between passive and locative conditions among bilingual groups, with passive priming showing a stronger priming effect. Importantly, the study elucidates the sensitivity of English-Mandarin bilinguals to argument structure and the influence of animacy distribution on the generation of passive sentences, as well as the reduced use of passive sentences by bilinguals compared to monolinguals. The research demonstrates that the argument structure priming hypothesis and animacy distribution also exist in English-Mandarin bilingual groups the same as the English monolinguals [1].

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232072

    Research on Maritime Security Cooperation Between China-ASEAN Countries under the Background of the “Maritime Community with a Shared Future” Initiative

    Since China put forward the "Maritime community with a shared future" initiative, it gradually strengths national strategic planning and layout in the field of maritime security. The large area of maritime contiguity shared by China and the ASEAN countries calls for the close partnership in each other’s maritime security cooperation. This thesis mainly aims to study how maritime security cooperation between China and ASEAN countries can be carried out under the "Maritime community with a shared future" initiative, what obstacles exist, and how to optimize cooperation plans in the future. On the basis of existing case studies of maritime security cooperation between China and ASEAN countries, the research firstly summarized the trends of maritime security cooperation between the two sides, and then confirmed that the establishment of "Maritime community with a shared future" initiative has led maritime security cooperation between China and ASEAN into a new age, especially in the in-depth cooperation in the field of traditional maritime security and the expansion of cooperation in the field of non-traditional maritime security. The results are of great practical significance: they are conducive to deepening the maritime security interaction between China and ASEAN countries, as well as stabilizing the security environment in Southeast Asian seas.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232073

    Implementation Path of Legalization in Rural Governance in China

    The rule of law serves as the foundation for constructing modern rural governance mechanisms and stands as an essential avenue toward achieving modern governance. Influenced by unique natural environments and diverse cultural customs, remote rural areas in China still face challenges in the construction of rural legal foundations, the inadequacy of legal systems in rural governance, insufficient public legal services in rural areas, and a lack of institutional mechanisms for diverse participation in the legalization of rural governance. To address these issues, there is a necessity to prioritize the most pressing needs of farmers. This necessitates focusing on building a comprehensive legal system in agricultural domains, emphasizing the status of village regulations and customary laws, strengthening rural public legal service systems, innovating methods of legal education, and fostering a legal atmosphere. This approach aims to expedite the process of legalizing rural governance.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232077

    Legality of America’s Military Action Against Terrorism in Iraq from the Perspective of International Law

    This paper mainly studies the legality of military action against terrorism under international law. It takes the anti-terrorism action of America in Iraq in 2003 as a case (Iraq war). It judges its legality and necessity by linking the action with legislations such as International Humanitarian Law and the (Third) Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (of August 12, 1949). In the early stage of the article, the author traces the origin and defines the word 'terrorism' while introducing the counterterrorism acts enacted by the United Kingdom between 2000 and 2015 by summarizing the viewpoints of the reference. The author concludes that under the assumption that Iraq does meet the condition of conviction, some military actions of the United States violate international law and go beyond the necessary scope of anti-terrorism.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232078

    Voting Procedure of President Election

    The purpose of this study is to provide insight into the probability of success or failure of a political candidate by the name of A.P. in future elections, specifically in the area of political campaigns. Understanding these probabilities can have a significant impact on electoral processes and political decision-making, which is a crucial area of social and political importance. The focus of the study is on a future political candidate. The purpose of the study is to present objective data on A.P.'s performance in the upcoming elections, with the main goal of determining his likelihood of triumph or failure in future elections, and whether he will withdraw from the political arena after a potential loss. The understanding of political candidates' careers and their impact on election outcomes is crucial. Identifying appropriate tools and methods to accurately predict electoral uncertainty is the main research question.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-01-03 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/35/20232079

    The Introduction of the “Cooling-Off Period Before Divorce” Policy in China: An Empirical Analysis

    Since the introduction of the Civil Code of China, the cooling-off policy has been adopted as a compulsory requirement for couples who want to make a divorce registration in China. This paper examines the impact of the cooling-off period in China broadly, and specifically, whether couples are filing a divorce administratively or through court proceedings. To start measuring this impact, this paper gathered data from various official sources. The results demonstrate that the cooling-off period brings a significant decrease in the number of divorces by mutual consent and increases the number of couples who turn to the court to file a lawsuit.

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