Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries

    Conference Date







    978-1-83558-061-5 (Print)

    978-1-83558-062-2​ (Online)

    Published Date



    Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University

    Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia


  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231272

    Review of Research on Influencing Factors of Personnel Recruitment

    With the development of society and the increase of talent in recent years, recruitment has become an essential step for enterprises. This article studies the factors that affect employee recruitment, with the aim of improving the future survival and development of enterprises, reducing the huge losses caused by personnel changes, and indirectly improving the efficiency of enterprises. By using literature research methods to understand the factors that affect employee recruitment, the content can be divided into factors, problems, countermeasures, suggestions, and future sections. And through reading a large amount of literature, it can be concluded that the main factors affecting employee recruitment include the degree of job matching, differentiated needs, discrimination, recruiters’ own literacy, and the rationality of human resource planning. The main countermeasures are to effectively implement personnel job matching, differentiate the treatment of applicants, standardize the recruitment process of enterprise employees, scientifically formulate human resource planning, and improve the professional literacy of human resource management personnel. Effective recruitment work improves employee quality and personnel structure, and injects new management ideas into the organization, adds new vitality to the organization, and may even bring significant technological and management innovations to the enterprise.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231273

    The Influence of Cognitive Bias on Risk Decision-making under Uncertain Conditions: A Case Study of 1986 Challenger

    Decision-making is full of our lives, but any decision is risky. Every single decision-making mistake may bring losses that are unpredictable. How to make rational decisions and reduce the decision loss is the hot topic in dis-cussion. Although the cognitive biases have been widely studied in many fields, the mechanism of each cognitive bias’s impact on risk decision-making has not been fully researched. In addition, the relevant risk decision research is mainly focused on the financial management, and the relevant theories have not been applied to the risk decision in daily life. Therefore, this paper will focus on 3 types of cognitive biases including confirmation bias, overconfidence and frame effect. After researching related theories, ex-pected return and risk perception are considered as two main intermediates between cognitive biases and risk decision-making. And then the paper will apply relative theories and analyze 1986 Challenger launch decision case to explain the way cognitive biases acting on risk-decision making behaviors. Finally, the paper will give reasonable suggestions for both individuals and groups to make better risk decision and reduce decision errors.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231276

    Understanding and Treating Eating Disorders in a Psychoanalytic Approach

    Eating disorders are mental illnesses, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. Psychoanalysis is a common approach applied in psychotherapies, which focuses on people’s unconsciousness. Projection, transference, and countertransference are defense mechanisms identified by psychoanalysis. This review mainly discusses the role of the psychoanalytic approach in understanding and treating eating disorder patients. The likelihood of developing eating disorders is closely related to people’s personalities, current life situations, and interpersonal relationships. Through early observational learning, young children tend to regulate their emotions in a similar manner to their parents. People form a secure attachment or an insecure attachment mainly in childhood. The attachment types are likely to predict one’s probability of developing eating disorders in later life. The majority of patients experience eating disorders due to certain unconscious reasons. To treat eating disorders that are caused by past experiences, the key is to identify the meaning underlying their issues in eating that are related to their childhood. This review can provide some guidance to the development of parent education programs.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231277

    An Analysis of the Movie “Pride and Prejudice” — from the Perspective of Social Psychology and Sociology

    Social psychology is closely related to popular life; therefore, there are various applications of theories related to social psychology in many media. The film “Pride and Prejudice” has been widely concerned and discussed by the public since its book became a masterpiece across the world. This paper discusses how several specific social psychology theories and assumptions were put forward and used in the development of the heroine's plot. It analyzes the view of marriage from the perspective of sociology, in order to find out how to explain some of the role's behaviors from the perspective of social psychology. It uses the methodology of media analysis to draw a conclusion that there are mainly 3 theories and hypothesis related to social psychology which are shown in the character’s behavior: Maslow’s Hierarchy Theory, Framing& Agenda Setting Theory, and The Contact Hypothesis. Furthermore, the author of the movie claims her advocation of marriage which is to pursue the combination of true love and economic situation in marriage.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231280

    How do Different Educational Theories Apply to Group Study?

    In the development process of education, different educational theories can have a significant impact on the behavior of educators. This article will focus on how constructivism is reflected in group learning and combine it with other theories, such as behaviorism to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of constructivism. Based on the actual situation and educational models, some suggestions are proposed to improve the efficiency of group learning. The final conclusion drawn from this paper is that constructivism is the theoretical core of group learning, and the advantages of group learning can be maximized through appropriate teacher intervention and classified teaching. This study can successfully help educators broaden their thinking and change teaching strategies, thereby achieving more effective teaching outcomes.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231282

    Research on the Phenomenon of Educational Migration in China

    In recent years, China’s educational migration project has narrowed the gap in educational resources between regions and successfully reduced the incidence of poverty. However, students who participate in educational migration need to leave their original learning and living environment, and in such a context, they often face cultural adaptation issues. As migrants, the new living environment can make them feel unfamiliar and even require them to give up traditional living habits; as students, a decrease in the frequency of interaction with family can have a negative impact on their physical and mental development, and ethnic minority students may also face communication difficulties due to language barriers. Educational migrant students, educational migrant receiving schools, and relocation areas are the three main bodies of the educational migrant project. This paper uses qualitative analysis to analyze the cultural adaptation, psychological education, and human resource loss issues in relocation areas, and proposes targeted suggestions on how to better integrate these three bodies with the educational migrant project. Schools that receive educational migrants need to actively take measures to ensure teaching effectiveness, such as strengthening infrastructure construction, improving students’ cultural adaptability, conducting psychological counseling courses, and encouraging some vocational education graduates to return to their hometowns for employment to solve the problem of human resource loss.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231283

    The Status of Left-behind Children in Rural Areas under the Background of Parents’ Migration

    The group of left-behind children in China has long been characterized by large-scale and numerous challenges, among which the education of left-behind children has been the center of attention and a contentious topic. In China, there were 170 million rural migrant laborers by 2022. Rural migration may have a significant positive influence on the families, communities, and work force of the migrants as well as on themselves personally. It is important to investigate how these massive rural migratory workers affect the family unit, particularly their children. The object of this paper is the left-behind children in rural areas under the background of parents’ migration. There are two main research directions: the first is the behavioral problems of left-behind children in rural areas under the background of parents’ migration and the causes and countermeasures of the behavioral problems; the second is the education status of left-behind children in rural areas under the background of parents’ migration. Children whose parents migrated had a considerably greater overall frequency of behavior problem than children who were not left behind. When one parent migrated, the likelihood of problem behavior in the children was much higher when the mother migrated than when the father migrated. Children’s academic performance is significantly influenced by aspects related to education, including family education spending, involvement in education, and supervision in school.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231284

    Comparison and Enlightenment Between IELTS and Different English Language Examations in China

    The world-renowned international English test, the IELTS test, tests students’ comprehensive English language proficiency. Compared to some selective English language tests in China, the IELTS test has various aspects that are worth learning from it. In recent years, some English language tests in China have some shortcomings that still need to be improved to some extent, and the testing methods and concepts demonstrated in the IELTS test can make up for the shortcomings of Chinese English testing. This article aims to compare the IELTS with the Chinese English test in terms of exam organization and requirements, exam question types and content, and discuss the summary and inspiration for Chinese exams and education. The research results indicate that some testing concepts and methods in the IELTS exam are worth learning from in Chinese education. English language tests in China can also refer to its advantages to reform and optimize its own examination and education models, making the domestic examination system and education model more suitable for Chinese students. Practice has also proven that in some regions where the IELTS exam has been implemented, the education system has also been positively affected, and the educational effectiveness of students has also been significantly improved.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231285

    The Influencing Factors of Gender Stereotypes- Based on Early Childhood Education

    In today’s society, gender stereotypes still exist in many aspects of life. Gender stereotype is one of the important factors that cause social gender problems. Preschool is an important period for the formation of gender cognition. The gender stereotype formed in preschool can affect the children’s subsequent development, and it is deeply rooted even after they become adults. The healthy gender role cognition will have the profound significance to the young child’s future occupation choice and psychological health. Therefore, it is necessary to carry on the correct gender education to the young children in the preschool period. The theme of this study is to analyze the influencing factors of gender stereotypes based on early childhood education. This study analyzed the characteristics of young children. It is found that adult language, dressing, material provision, picture books and magazines for children, and adult behavior are all influential factors for the formation of young children’s gender stereotypes and put forward the corresponding proposals from the social perspective, adults, kindergarten three aspects.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231288

    To what Extent does Cognitive Bias Play a Role in the Prediction of Black Swan Events Using the Challenger's Case Study

    In this essay, different types of cognitive biases and its role in the prediction of black swan events is explored through the use of the 1986 Challenger disaster. The challenger’s case was mainly caused by its o-rings failure due to cold weather, which was unpredictable and unexpected by all engineers at NASA. The different types of cognitive biases that were in-volved in this event were confirmation biases, sunk cost fallacy and groupthink mentally. Along with the political and social pressures at the time, these confirmation biases play a role in the false decision-making process during the challenger’s launch, which in itself is a black swan event. This leads to an importance in the prevention and recognition of cognitive biases, which requires strategies.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231291

    The Role of Self-Regulation in Internet Addiction during Adolescence

    During adolescence, individuals experience a period of significant development of emotional control, self-regulation and decision-making skills. While this is a period of opportunity for adolescents to benefit from knowledge, social life, and physical activities, it is also a time where the excessive availability of information and internet usage can potentially have detrimental effects on their mental health, academic performance, and physiology. This study aims to discuss the potential relationship between low-level self-regulation and the development of internet addiction in adolescents. With the widespread use of smartphones among young people, internet addiction has become a severe problem. Adolescents who prioritize short-term goals and focus on immediate gratification or adopt competitive gamming style may exhibit low-level self-regulation, which is a risk factor for developing internet addiction. In addition, poor family functioning, low parent education, the presence of interparental conflict, and restrictive parental mediation may also be significant factors contributing to the onset of internet addiction. Furthermore, the co-occurrence of lower self-regulation and severe internet addiction may have a substantial negative impact on academic performance and quality of life. The previous study’s findings demonstrate a causal relationship between self-regulation and internet addiction. However, applying voluntary sampling methods to collect data, social desirability biases, and cultural bias are some of the limitations of most research in this area. Future research should adopt stratified sampling methods, tailor their survey and instruments to be culturally sensitive to investigate the underlying mechanisms that give rise to this association.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231292

    Construction of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education System for College Students in the New Era

    As one of the ways to cultivate students’ abilities, the innovation and entrepreneurship education (IAEE) has a positive impact on the cultivation and promotion of students’ quality. The development of IAEE can reflect the quality education of colleges, especially in the context of the continuous transformation of the national economy. As a component of quality education, IAEE should become an important way and measure of talent training in colleges, which is also an inevitable way to improve the level of education and education development in colleges. In addition, if colleges want to keep pace with the times, they also need to play the value and role of IAEE and improve the quality of talent training in colleges. IAEE is an important part of the training system of innovative talents in colleges. In the new era, IAEE plays an increasingly important role in promoting the development and transformation of innovative countries. The realistic strategy of strengthening the IAEE of college students in the new era is put forward and the reasonable path of education development is explored so as to improve the effect and quality of talent training in the new era.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231293

    Natural Language Processing in Teacher Training : a systematic review

    In the previous decade, there has been a growing interest within the research community to apply artificial intelligence (AI), particularly natural language processing (NLP) tech-nology, across various domains such as law, medicine, and finance. More recently, the fo-cus has shifted towards exploring the potential of NLP technology in education, specifi-cally in teacher training. Thus, it becomes crucial to conduct a systematic literature review to comprehensively examine the literature on the use of NLP technology in teacher train-ing. This study concentrates on the applications and use cases of NLP technology in higher education institutions and educational research institutions. Our analysis suggests that significant NLP applications in education include Language Learning, intelligent analysis, assistive technology, automatic content analysis, and speech emotion analysis. Further examination reveals that NLP technology can be effectively utilized to improve teachers’ professional abilities, such as helping language teachers improve their accents, ultimately contributing to the delivery of high-quality education. Finally, this paper summarizes the critical lessons learned from the application of NLP technology in teacher training that can guide future research endeavors in this rapidly evolving field.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231296

    How do Audible Message Notifications Influence the Quantity and Quality of Child-Directed Speech from Parents?

    The impact of direct mobile phone usage on child-directed speech (CDS) has been frequently explored. However, little is known about the effects of passive mobile phone interaction regarding this aspect. Using a repeated measures design with counterbalancing and a yoked control design, the present study examines the influence of audible message notifications on the quantity and quality of CDS delivered by parents. Results indicate that receiving message notifications reduces both the amount and quality of CDS and that a familiar message notification has a greater effect on diminishing parent-child interaction than an unfamiliar message notification. The findings thus have implications for parents, highlighting the importance of reducing passive mobile phone usage to construct a better language-learning environment for toddlers.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231297

    The Brief Analysis of the codification of China's Environmental Law

    Environmental Law in China has achieved continuous development after decades of legal construction and judicial practice. So far, China’s environmental law legal system has been preliminarily established. At the same time, with the development of the global economy and the changes in the national conditions of China’s economic development, the promulgation of the Chinese Civil Code has led to an increasing call for the promulgation of the Chinese Environmental Law Code. In this context, this paper takes the codification of China’s environmental law as the research object, using the methods of historical analysis, literature analysis, and comparative analysis. The first section points out the background and significance of the codification of environmental law, the second section discusses the necessity and feasibility of codification of environmental law, and the third section compares the environmental law codes of other countries, summarizes the experience and lessons, and finally puts forward ideas for the framework of China’s environmental law code, and puts forward suggestions for improving the legal effect of environmental law code.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231300

    Analyzing Reading Education Reforms in Chinese Schools Using an Ecosystem Model: Insights from China's 2018 PISA Reading Test

    This paper explores the imperative of enhancing reading proficiency among Chinese students, particularly for studying abroad. Drawing on the 2018 PISA test, it comprehensively analyzes macro and micro factors in the educational ecosystem. It aims to optimize reading literacy education in China using the PISA and Chinese regional tests. It provides recommendations at systemic and individual learner levels. At the macro level, the study examines national policies, cultural values, and the need for a comprehensive policy framework. Adequate resources, evidence-based practices, and a reading culture are advocated. A comprehensive national policy framework, resource allocation, evidence-based practices, and a reading culture are crucial. At the micro level, the significance of individual factors, curriculum design, and parental involvement are emphasized. An effective curriculum, critical literacy skills, and parental support are essential. In conclusion, this paper acknowledges the need to enhance reading skills among Chinese students studying abroad. By examining macro and micro factors, it offers practical recommendations to optimize reading literacy education. This multifaceted approach considers national policies, cultural values, curriculum design, and parental engagement. By addressing these aspects, China can equip its students with the necessary reading skills to thrive in a globalized world.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231302

    The Role of Gender in Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Child Development

    This paper explores the differences of gender in parenting styles and their effects on child growth. It examines the different parenting approaches adopted by fathers and mothers and the relevance between these styles and children’s cognitive, emotional, and social development. The study draws upon various theories and empirical studies to investigate the influence of gender on parenting styles, with a literature review of relevant academic publications is conducted, mainly focusing on authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles. The findings suggest that gender does influence parenting modes, with mothers tending to adopt authoritative parenting styles, while fathers tend to favor authoritarian or permissive styles. The study also highlights the significance of parenting styles in child development stages, exactly, authoritative parenting linked to more positive child outcomes. The researches also provide insights for parents and caregivers on how to educate healthy and happy children.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231303

    Acquiring Multiple Languages: Comparing the Efficiency of Learning L3 and L4 Simultaneously vs. Learning L3 First and L4 Later

    This article discusses the worldwide demand for third language acquisition and fourth language acquisition. It reviews the current research on Language acquisition in relevant fields. Previous research is mainly about L2 learning, while this paper will fill the blank of L3 and L4 learning and compare the efficiency of learning L3 and L4 in different ways. By Control variates, we may find a more reasonable way for adults to learn new languages. There are experiments that the researchers let the Turkish-Persian bilinguals, Armenian-Persian bilinguals, and Persian monolinguals learn English, and compare their performance in vocabulary, or study Chinese students’ learning outcome of studying English and Russian. These experiments are all helpful and meaningful, but they only compare one aspect--vocabulary or writing, which is isolated and one-sided. This article compares students’ performance comprehensively, adopting standardized language tests to test students’ reading, listening, speaking and writing skills. But one major limitation of the study is that we don’t exclude the gender impact. This will be the later future directions. This research shows that there is a need on acquiring multiple languages in today’s globalized world, our researches should pay more attention on this field.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231304

    Faculty’s Awareness to the Situation of Students with Mild Hearing Loss in a Single School in a Large City in China

    Plenty of research has shown that noisy environment has significant impact on children’s speech recognition, especially on children with different degrees of hearing impairment. Modifications on the construction of classroom and improvement in study environment help assist children with MHL to perceive more information in class. Several research studies assessing environment of classrooms in normal schools which are for normal children and children with hearing loss in China have found that traffic noise, speech shape masking, babble noise and other typical noises around school sites impose negative impact on Chinese speech intelligibility of children in elementary school. By analyzing the result of a designed questionnaire, this research focused on the faculty’s awareness to the situation of students with mild hearing loss in a single school in Wuhan, a large city in China in order to find possible measurements that can be taken by the faculty to improve the learning experience of students with hearing loss at school.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/18/20231305

    Comparing the Secondary Education in UK with the High School Education in China

    In modern society, education belongs to a highly developed stage, and China’s education is also constantly developing and improving. High school education in China has always been a focus of social concern, and so far, exam-oriented education still dominates high school education. Compared with the secondary education in the UK, there are significant differences in the types of high school education in China, as well as in the educational models and historical backgrounds of development. In China, high school education has developed over a comparatively short span of time, and through comparison, it was found that there are some problems in current high school education. In order to change the current situation of high school education in China, the Chinese government has proposed the concept of quality education and the dual reduction policy, which requires continuous efforts to ultimately be implemented. Teachers need to change teaching methods, improve teaching concepts, promote and help students increase confidence, enhance cooperation and innovation abilities. Students should also make independent changes, diverge their thinking, use dialectical methods to see problems, and think about multiple aspects of the problem, in order to improve their logical thinking ability and innovative cooperation ability, and maintain a positive attitude towards learning.

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated