Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries

    Conference Date







    978-1-83558-053-0 (Print)

    978-1-83558-054-7 (Online)

    Published Date



    Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia

    Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University


  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230921

    The Influence of Chinese Parenting on Adolescent Pro-social Behavior

    Since teenagers tend to behave treasonably in their adolescence, researchers are more likely to focus on their problem behaviors, which neglect their pro-social behavior. However, instead of solving and dealing with the problems they currently faced, it is much more significant to promote the development of pro-social behavior positive in their adolescence. This article reviews previous literature and organizes the influence of pro-social behavior on adolescents through parenting in various scales and concludes mediation and moderation. The main arguments of this paper are: 1) divided parenting into parenting style and parenting behavior and defined pro-social behavior; 2) compared different influences on pro-social behavior by scales of parenting behavior and parenting style in different dimensions; 3) discussed the mediation and moderation between parenting and pro-social behavior. This article finds that positive parenting can greatly benefit adolescents’ pro-social behavior, and also inspires researchers to focus more on factors, such as gender differences, single parents, and the system of the whole family, which can influence the development of pro-social behavior by parenting differently.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230922

    The Old and New Course Selection Methods in Chinese High School: Analysis from Gender Perspectives

    After the Ministry of Education and the State Council in China enacted the regulations about the educational revolution in 2014, the new way of course selection in Chinese high schools gradually spread. At the same time, due to the obvious shortcomings of the old course selection method, it is progressively replaced by the new one. Based on the educational revolution, problems such as gender stereotypes still existed and they can influence students’ choice on course selection. This article compares two ways of course selection and analyses factors that can influence students’ course choices. In the two different ways of course selection, except for students’ interests, gender stereotypes from teachers and parents are the main factor affecting students. Meanwhile, these gender stereotypes will always exist in the choice of college majors and future jobs. In the new way of course selection, there is a certain degree of improvement. Therefore, based on the new and better way of course selection, schools and parents should avoid gender stereotypes, guide students to choose suitable courses and meet the personalized development of students.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230924

    Credibility, Privacy Concerns, Self-exposure, Engagement & Social Media: Discussion on I.P. Address Disclosure

    This work is based on the current social media and Internet situation in China. Starting from 2022, China request all the social media platform to show I.P address for individual users. The exposure of IP address in China is inevitable, however, the author would like to see what will happen if this happens in another country. When TikTok is targeting a more international market, how will this exposure behavior influence user’s action or habits? What kind of negative effects will exert on TikTok? How will the exposure of privacy correlate with users’ behaviors? By conducting questionnaire in College students, the result shows people take privacy as a large portion of using an app but with limitations. Exposure of privacy is an important element, but as long as users build habits on the app, it will not affect users on a large scale. Credibility, Privacy, self-exposure, and engagement rate are all slightly influenced by the exposure of I.P address.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230925

    The Influence of Parental Rearing Styles on Adolescent’s Psychological Development

    This research focuses on the importance of adolescent psychological development. Parents play an essential role in the growth of adolescents, and their parenting styles have a prominent impact on their mental health, self-emotional control, social adaptability, and academic performance. Different parenting styles function differently in their physical and mental development. This article adopts the method of literature review to conduct a retrospective analysis of previous studies on the effects of parental rearing style on the psychological development of adolescents. Parents who use critical parenting styles are more likely to lead to psychological problems such as depression in adolescents. Moreover, parents who habitually refuse or overprotect their children are also associated with high anxiety levels and negative emotions in adolescents. Positive parenting will enable adolescents to develop their self-efficacy and social adaptability better. On the contrary, authoritarian or neglectful parents will cause adolescents a greater chance of imbalance in their psychological development. The active participation of parents in parenting can also promote the academic participation of adolescents and affect their academic performance. This review provides insights into how parents can adopt effective parenting styles to promote the psychological development of adolescents in reality.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230928

    The Application of Apprenticeships in Germany and the United Kingdom to the Reform of Chinese Vocational Education and Training

    Since the number of college students in China is tremendously increasing nowadays, the economic structure in China is going through a huge transformation, and adequate human resources are being needed desperately by the skill-intensive industry. The Chinese government is concerned that the deficiency of apprentices in certain industries will threaten the economy. Effective policies, therefore, should be made to carry out reform of vocational education and the training system. This paper draws conclusions about the strategies applied in German and the United Kingdom apprenticeships from data, which originate from government documents and published papers. Furthermore, the author discusses how to apply useful experience to the reform in China, estimating the directions of vocational education and training development. Through research, it is suggested that reform should be based on the revised laws. The government should introduce more stakeholder participation mechanisms and improve education quality, guiding the ideology via mass media and publicizing the benefits of vocational education and its promising prospects after the reform. Planning should be strategic and closely related to facts. In addition, special institutional research organizations are supposed to be established.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230929

    Impacts of Climate Change on Food Security in Africa

    Africa is the region with the lowest total and per capita greenhouse gas emissions in the world, but it bears the brunt of the adverse effects of climate change. Due to its special geographical location, spanning north and south of the equator, Africa has a vast territory, a large population, and a diverse climate, and its economic and social development is relatively lagging behind, especially the low urbanization and industrialization rates, a large agricultural population, and huge inter-regional climate differences. The existing research mainly focuses on the political, economic, geopolitical, and poverty, education, and health aspects of Africa. The research theme of this paper is the impact of climate change on food security in Africa; using the literature research method, we study the impact of climate change situation on food security in Africa; the purpose of the research is to draw the attention of the international community to climate change and food security; increase the attention and support to Africa, so that Africa can become better. The purpose of the study is to draw the attention of the international community to climate change and food security, and to increase the attention and support to Africa so that Africa can better adapt to the impact of climate change.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230933

    Conflict of Interest in the Value Judgement of Law of Artificial Intelligence from the Perspective of Game Theory

    Artificial intelligence’s intervention in judicial adjudication will lead to the alienation of adjudication process, which will lead to conflicts among different interest groups. This problem is especially prominent in the process of value judgment. The same case obtains the same judgment result, which is the core element of judicial justice. At the same time, the new legal system needs to emphasize the proper application of law and the just result of judgment. This requires the system to have flexible conflict rules to effectively balance the contradictory conflict. In the field of civil and commercial law, the introduction of game theory to solve the conflict of interest has a long precedent. Based on the Game Theory, according to certain legal premises, considering AI’s involvement in value judgment, an effective judgment result is finally obtained. This provides theoretical consideration for the structure of the subsequent specific legal system.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230934

    Relationship Between Fetal Life Rights and Women's Abortion Rights

    Starting from the attitudes of different historical periods and countries towards the right to fetal life, this article focuses on analyzing the conflict and reconciliation between the right to fetal life and women’s right to abortion. At the same time, this article also compares the different provisions on the determination of fetal life in legislation of countries such as the United States, Germany, and China, and analyzes the different manifestations of the conflict between the right to fetal life and women’s abortion rights within and outside the region. Finally, based on the current conflict situation, root causes, and excellent practices abroad, some suggestions are proposed for abortion legislation in China.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230935

    Retention or Abolition of the Death Penalty and Public Opinion on the Death Penalty

    The discussion on the death penalty’s retention or repeal has been going on for a long time, and there are different views on the retention and elimination of the death punishment. Despite the international trend toward abolition, certain countries, like China, Japan, and the United States, continue to use the death sentence, and all three countries have conducted public opinion surveys on the abolition of the death sentence, and public opinion has a certain influence on the death penalty reform. This article will compare the views of Beccaria and Bentham, the representatives of abolitionism, and Kant and Hegel, the representatives of capital punishment retention, review the outcomes of popular opinion surveys on capital punishment in China, the United States, and Japan, analyze the characteristics of public opinion, and discuss the interaction between capital punishment retention and abolition and public opinion. The study about the value of public views in terms of the death sentence reform is of reference significance to the issue of whether the death penalty should be retained or abolished.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230936

    Media and Communication: Research on Communication, Dependence and Influence in Short Video -- Taking Dou Yin APP as an Example

    In this era, traditional paper media is gradually replaced by online media such as streaming media, online app and video media, and the ways of information dissemination are becoming more and more diversified. Fifteen years ago, the first thing people said when discussing the news every day was: “Which newspaper did you read?” Just 10 years ago, the first thing people said when discussing the news every day was: “Have you tweeted yet?” Five years ago, Dou-Yin was introduced. From offline to online and from paper to end media, the media in China and around the world have undergone this change in the dissemination of news and information. And this paper focuses on one APP: Dou-Yin, to study the dissemination, user reliance and what aspects of its short videos affect the audience.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230943

    Social Assimilation of Chinese Migrant Workers: Citizenisation, Participation, and Identification

    Since the Reform and Opening-up in China, workers from rural areas have increasingly flooded into cities with the expectation of earning more money. However, there is a considerable gap between migrant workers and native citizens. As a result, the government, researchers, and the public have attached great attention to the social assimilation of migrant workers and have taken a range of measures to eliminate discrimination against this group in order to build a harmonious society. In the Chinese context, social assimilation theory has been applied in studies on migrant workers, who are often regarded as a vulnerable group in political, economic, cultural, and ideological aspects. This paper aims to review Chinese migrant workers from three perspectives of social assimilation theory. First, social fairness impacts migrant workers’ citizenisation. Second, exclusion indicates low community participation. Finally, resocialisation influences the formation of migrant workers’ identities. These three aspects are closely connected during social assimilation.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230946

    The Dilemma and Path for China’s General Education Development in Universities Since 40 Years of Reform and Opening up

    Many universities bear the important responsibility of cultivating high-quality talents for the country, and it has become an inevitable choice to carry out general education. Since 40 years of reform and opening up, general education has made great development. However, there are many difficulties to be solved in general education because the research on general education has not yet matured, and there is a lack of formed institutional norms and generalizable practice models, as well as the phenomenon of utilitarianism of the concept of general education and fragmentation of general education courses. By reviewing previous research, this paper examines the dilemma and path for China’s general education development in universities since 40 years of reform and opening up. Finally, it is concluded that the future development path of general education in Chinese universities is to correct students’ cognition of general education, improve the recognition of general education, and integrate the resources of general education.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230949

    Analysis on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Home-Schooling

    Due to the global outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic in 2019, a large number of students could not receive regular education in schools. Therefore, many forms of alternative education emerged, the most common one is home-schooling, in which students learn under the supervision of their parents rather than teachers. However, home-schooling is controversial. In this paper, the author studies and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of home-schooling, and conclusions can be drawn that homeschooling can prevent students from being bullied on campus and help students carry out one-on-one efficient education, but there are also inconsistent education systems, incorrect education methods, and imbalances existing in home-schooling.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230950

    The Comparison of Eastern and Western Societies’ Attitudes Towards Offering Sex Education in Schools

    Sex education is considered as a rather sensitive topic in school worldwide, and differs in various aspects. It involves policies of governments, devoted resources, social norms, education of teachers, depth of content and feedback from students. Eastern countries and regions are more conservative. Though policies have been revised on supporting sex education in school and effort on balancing resources have been made, there are still difficulties to overcome. For instance, violating social norms, educating teachers to know the strategies on giving sex education and being provided with feedback from students in order to improve tactics used. Western countries are generally more open to sex education in school, resources have been devoted into it and policies have been made decades ago. Though it is controversial on which kind of sex education is most suitable for students, governments would listen to feedback from students and teachers on their advices. This paper provides with detailed conclusion on the above-mentioned points comparing between Eastern and Western aspects on teaching sex education in school.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230951

    Examining the Effect of Different Types Children’s Games on Peer Relationship

    The development of young children’s peer relationships is mostly interfered with by parents and teachers. Therefore, the independent development of peer relationships in play for young children has become a popular topic. Play, as a basic activity for young children, plays an important role in the development of young children’s peer relationships. Based on the American scholar Patton’s classification of children’s games and the influencing factors of peer interaction, the influence of different types of games on young children’s peer relationships is studied. This paper analyzes the specific effects of play around toys, same-gender play, cooperative play, and symbolic play on young children’s peer relationships and concludes that the environment, rules, and materials of play all influence young children’s peer interaction behaviors in play, thus acting on the quality of peer interaction. The research in this paper can help the collective construction of young children’s peer relationships, allowing them to gain problem-solving skills and direct experience of peer interaction during play.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230952

    The Impact of Early Family Environment on Children’s Creativity

    With the rise of artificial intelligence and the increase in social demand, creativity has increasingly become a competitive factor for individuals. Therefore, the impact of early family environments on children’s creativity development, especially the psychological one, is further emphasized. However, there is still a research gap in the impact of different parenting styles and different language environments on children’s creativity. This article uses literature analysis to study the impact of bilingual family environment and ancestral dominated family environment on children’s creativity. Among them, intergenerational education usually has a negative influence on children’s creativity due to the educational limitations of the grandparent, while bilingual education can cultivate children’s unique ways of thinking, thus playing a positive role in developing children’s creativity. Parents and grandparents should pay attention to choosing positive strategies when creating an early family environment for their children, in order to strengthen the generation of positive effects and reduce the impact of negative effects.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230956

    Depressive Symptoms of Homophobic Bullying Victims among LGB Adolescents in the Chinese Mainland: A Case Study Analysis

    In recent years, depression has become more common among younger age groups in the Chinese Mainland. However, only a small amount of study has examined the prevalence of depression among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adolescents, and little is known about how prejudice events such as homophobic bullying may impact this group’s rates of depression. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify the prevalence of depressive symptoms following experiences of bullying victimization among LGB adolescents. A case study analysis was performed using secondary sources from online surveys conducted by Common Language, Beijing LGBT Center, and international literature in sociology, psychology, and public health. The study demonstrated that victims of homophobic bullying frequently encounter issues with depressive symptoms. The psychological well-being of victims is greatly affected by challenges including an absence of social support, internalized homophobia, perceived discrimination, and hostile school climates. The resilience framework can offer insights on how to improve their mental health by using effective strategies for coping and intervention programs to address the issue.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230957

    Super Gender in Game Design: Applied Research on Destigmatizing Homosexuality in China

    As of 2021, China’s homosexual population has exceeded 70 million. This paper studies the current stigma phenomenon of homosexuality in China, analyzes the plight of LGBT( Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transgender) people in China under the stigma phenomenon and the reasons why destigmatization measures are ineffective, and puts forward the difficulty of solving the problem and the urgency of the current problem. At the same time, it studies the current situation of the combination of games and “Super Gender”. Starting from the perspective of psychology, it researches, develops, and designs how to better integrate “Super Gender” into games. Using the projection of China’s social stigma to become the player’s shadow friend, using a humorous and interesting plot design to guide the player to escape the shackles of stigma on the character’s victory, make players accept “Super Gender” independently. Let players re-recognize themselves, re-recognize and accept LGBT groups, de-label them, and achieve the purpose of destigmatization.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230959

    The Gender Role Stereotypes on the Homosexual Group under the Influence of Social Media

    As the homosexual community becomes more and more engaged and participates in social media, online violence and harassment targeting the identity of the gay community become more frequent. In order to explore the causes of the stigma behind this phenomenon, this paper starts with the gender stereotype of the homosexual community and explores the roles played by the mainstream community and the gay community in the interaction of social media from the perspectives of the active side of spreading prejudice and the passive side of accepting stigma. The relevance of labelling theory to spreading prejudice and accepting stigma is also emphatically discussed by referring to the theories of previous scholars. In addition, this paper discusses how the gay community as a stigmatized community is affected by social media, which shows that social media can be a double-edged sword for gay and lesbian communities. On the one hand, online groups help increase collective self-study, but at the same time, they also face the risk of mental illness. Finally, suggestions on both population groups for de-stigmatization are discussed to provide ideas for substantive changes to improve the well-being of the gay community.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/14/20230960

    The Extent of School Bullying Experienced by Underage Sexual Minorities in China: How it Affects Their Well-being and How They Can Fight Back

    In recent years, with the increasing yearning of the Chinese people for a better life, people gradually began to have a diversified understanding and awakening of their sexual orientation. The world no longer sees only heterosexuality, to which most people belong, but also gays, bisexuals, and even pansexuals, who are collectively referred to as sexual minorities. However, at the same time, because the existence of sexual minorities subverts the mission of “procreation”, which has been given to men and women for thousands of years in China, sexual minorities are stigmatized, stereotyped, and discriminated against by society. Among them, for underage sexual minorities, school bullying is one of the most serious minority pressure they are facing at present. Therefore, based on the research of scholars in the fields of mental health and public health on the relationship between school abuse in high school and sexual orientation, this paper finds that school bullying has a serious negative impact on the physical and mental health of underage sexual minorities, such as depression and suicidal tendencies. In addition, underage sexual minorities can pass first the school perpetration of school violence punishment measures into the school rules; Second, talk about stress to the family, friends, or other sexual minorities; Thirdly, conduct sex education for the whole society in a way to reduce the negative impact of school bullying on them.

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