Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Psychology and Humanity Studies
Faisalabad Matilde Lafuente-Lechuga, University of Murcia
Muhammad Idrees, University of Agriculture
The provincial education examination institution mandate system for China’s college entrance examination was approved by the relevant national department or is implementing an independent proposition. It is uniformly dispatched by the Ministry of Education and implemented and managed by the provincial enrollment and examination committees. Its nature dictates that social justice must exist. The battle for college entrance exams has grown more intense as the number of exams for admission to colleges continues to rise. Then came the sociological phenomenon of immigrants taking college admission exams. This article will use the phenomenon of “college entrance examination immigration” as an illustration to explain the need for its public policy for the equitable distribution of social value through a thorough analysis of college entrance examination admissions. The fairness of the new college entrance exam system must be continually improved. To take into account the interests of all parties and maximize the overall efficacy of public policy, social values must be distributed fairly.
As one of the most heated-discussed movements on Twitter these years, tweets in #bodyshame has been complicated and debatable. To explore the alternation of attitudes toward #bodyshame and how it has changed in the past decade, the study analyzes the data collected from three-time frames: 2012, 2017, and 2022, respectively. The increasing popularity and awareness of #bodyshame of the public are shown in this work. By applying MDCOR, an open-ended responses classification framework to data analysis, this paper was able to conclude the gradually alternating trend of Twitter users' attitudes toward body shame. Social media data analysis helps the understanding of the general development trend of #bodyshame movement, which ultimately provides a comprehensive overview of people’s acceptance and opinions towards various body types. This study’s data-oriented research on attitudes towards body shame is profound in meaning.
Hermeneutical injustice is an epistemic injustice that happens when a person's experience cannot be well understood or articulated because of the problem with the collective hermeneutical resource -- a collection of concepts and words that we use to understand one's experience and to communicate with one another about it. Previously, Miranda Fricker and Rebecca Mason have suggested two types of hermeneutical injustice: Hermeneutical Gap and Hermeneutical Distortion. Fricker believes that hermeneutical injustice is a gap between hermeneutical resources, whereas Mason suggests the collective hermeneutical resource can also be distorted when the words and concepts that comprise it are inferentially related in ways that are invalid or inductively weak. However, in this paper, I identify a novel type of hermeneutical injustice that I call Hermeneutical Weakening. In a case of HW, hermeneutical injustice is neither caused by the collective hermeneutical resource being deficient nor it being distorted, but due to it being weakened. I define Hermeneutical Weakening as the loss of word significance when the lexical effect of the word is weakened due to overuse. I then differentiate hermeneutical weakening from both hermeneutical gap and distortion. In particular, I analyze the subtle differences between weakening and distortion and argue the lexical effect can also be weakened through non-literal uses of words when the literal standard meaning of words to which distortion tied is suspended. Finally, I explain the generation of hermeneutical weakening and how it is also a form of oppression of the marginalized group generated systematically under the social system.
This paper elaborates on the intrinsic impacts of several factors on the gender treatment gap. We further announce that factors such as traditional culture, family, personal characteristics, and legislation make a difference in the gender wage gap. Moreover, time-honored Chinese culture, like patriarchy, plays a vital role in forming the gender gap. Also, our statistical results illustrate that the regional difference among the financial industries of Beijing and Shanghai determine the extent of the gender gap, and variations in the added value of economic drives and labor force are the most influential factors. Thus, we conclude that regional discrepancy exists in China, and the significant indicators vary in distinct geographical areas. Besides, it is still worthwhile to explore regional sexual inequality in developing regions, and the impacts of determinants exclude the economy and education.
Artificial intelligence is widely used in social media. When users use social media, AI has a positive or negative impact on users' self-perceptions. 2022 Jeff Hancock's crystal framework theory of algorithms indicates that short video platforms influence users' self-perceptions: know me well, real self, and community. The primary purpose of this study is to establish the relationship between artificial intelligence on social media and users' self-perceptions by drawing on Jeff Hancock's self-concept theory. The relationship between the two can be used to optimize the existing marketing strategy of advertising products on social media and to optimize the experience of social media users while effectively promoting the marketing products positively.
In 2018, the US government launched a trade war against China, and later it became a tit-for-tat competition between these two economies. It brought more uncertainties and challenges to bilateral and global trade. The economic conflict was a long-term issue between the two countries, while the Section 301 investigations provided rationales for the Trump administration to launch the trade war. This paper aims to reveal the reasons that contributed to the Sino-US trade war in order to better understand the whole economic conflict. There are some data collected by the US government and some official organizations are used in this paper to introduce the background. The writer mainly uses the literature analysis to discuss the possibilities that cause the trade war and applies one theory – the Hegemonic Stability Theory to analyze the situation. At last, different perspectives of the deep-seated causes were applied to understand the trade war. This paper discovers that the trade war between the two countries was not only caused by economic conflicts, but also technological disputes, and other deep-seated issues, including national security and political concerns. All these causes should be addressed to understand and smooth the tensions.
This paper explores the impact of cultural capital on family educational expectations based on data from the CFPS(China Family Panel Studies). After controlling for control variables such as gender and household registration, it was found that: objectified cultural capital, institutionalized cultural capital and embodied cultural capital all have a significant positive effect on family educational expectations. In addition, there is no significant class difference in the effect of cultural capital on family educational aspirations, but objective and specific cultural capital have a more significant effect on the educational aspirations of the upper class than those of the lower class, and objective and specific cultural capital are more influential within the upper class. In the context of education for upward class mobility, identifying the cultural capital shortcomings of the disadvantaged class that are inferior to those of the upper class and enhancing the educational expectations of families are key to promoting class mobility. Therefore, families, schools and society need to provide support in many ways to compensate for the cultural capital disadvantage of families.
In the context of globalization, people pay more attention to the role of international economic organizations in managing transnational trade relations. The US-China trade war has critically impacted the global economy and significantly influenced the international trade pattern. The Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU), an essential section under the World Trade Organization(WTO), failed to function during the US-China trade war. Using the US-China trade war as the entry point to review the US-China trade relations under the WTO, this paper first evaluates the deficiencies of the DSU. Then it raises some reform suggestions in relatively practical aspects. The main intention of reforms is to provide a more concise and complete negotiation platform for solving transnational trade disputes.
Steel is arguably one of the most popular materials in the world today, with a strong, reliable, flexible and sustainable structure that is used as the primary structural material in most of the world's infrastructure and buildings today. As a highly malleable and growing structure, the way architects and structural engineers have used steel has evolved over the centuries and, as technology evolves, the use of steel in the architectural world is likely to evolve in the future. The article wants to take the famous cases of steel buildings as an entry point to develop the impact of steel application on modern architectural design and innovation. Three case studies are used to illustrate how steel structures can meet the needs of modern architecture and achieve creative breakthroughs in architectural and structural design. The three cases are the Chicago Home Insurance Building, the HSBC Building in Hong Kong and the Centre Pompidou in France. This paper deeply elucidates and systematically summarizes how structural designers break through tradition and seek innovation when existing structural technology cannot meet the demands of architectural design. How designers break through traditions, seek, and create new techniques that help turn architects' imaginations into reality. It also provides an important basis for future cooperation and innovation in architectural and structural design.
The rising interest in resilience as a desired mental health counselling outcome has prompted increased research into its predictors. In addition to genetic factors and excellent social ties, previous researchers argued that people's coping approach toward environmental dangers might be a significant element. Defensive pessimism, a prominent cognitive strategy among conservative civilizations such as Asian culture and persons with a propensity for mental illness, functions as a strategy that protects individuals from failure and misery by decreasing their expectations and anxiety. The author did qualitative research on Asian volunteers to examine the relationship between defensive pessimism and resilience. The results of this paper contradict the authors' hypothesis that adopting defensive pessimism would increase individuals' resilience. And the findings reveal a significant negative correlation between the two. Additionally, the significant linear regression indicated that defensive pessimism might be a weak negative predictor of resilience. The results may contribute to the early identification of harmful coping strategies in psychological assessment and help with treatment plan development in mental health counselling.
Cultural heritage plays an important and irreplaceable role in the development of human society. It is a new trend that artificial intelligence technology is involved in the field of cultural heritage, which helps the dynamic development of cultural heritage. By analyzing the advantages of artificial intelligence technology in the protection and inheritance of cultural heritage, this paper discusses the new development direction of cultural heritage. By analyzing the cases of technological intervention in cultural heritage, this paper summarizes the different forms of expression brought by technological intervention for heritage development, shows the new achievements brought by technology for heritage development, and points out the possible new direction of future development.
Weinan City is a high-prevalence area for Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS) in China, and the knowledge of HFRS prevention and relevant health insurance policies are related to the health and life of all residents. In order to study the effect of disease prevention propaganda and health insurance policies dissemination of HFRS in Weinan City, Shaanxi Province, this paper obtained survey samples by distributing and returning questionnaires, and the results of the questionnaire data were screened, organized and correlated, resulting in the results of the empirical study. That is, the effectiveness of HFRS prevention propaganda and health insurance policies dissemination in Weinan City was poor, and a significant positive correlation was found between respondents’ disease perception of HFRS and their knowledge of related health insurance policies, and this finding was interpreted using KAP and HBM theories. Discussions about strengthening IPC and leveraging Internet media to complete the transition from health beliefs to health behaviors are also presented.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, China restored the management strategy of linking societal administration with spatial territory to prevent and control the spread of the pandemic. This study focuses on the most basic spatial unit of urban segmentation, the danwei, which was first established during the planned economy period. Analyzing SU University as a case study, we examine the background, methods, and process of re-danweilization in China during the COVID-19 pandemic; we evaluate the impact of its reactivation on the overall society and explore whether possible adjustments could be made to improve the effectiveness of the danwei system while preserving urbanism.
In today’s society, implementing social-e motional learning (SEL) is an important way to promote children’s all-round development from the small sense, and the key to building global citizenship from the large sense. With the concept of social-emotional learning being proposed by the Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning (CASEL), and SEL was putting on the global policy agenda by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), many countries have begun to explore and carry out relevant practices according to their actual conditions. This study takes the practice of MOE-UNICEF SEL Programme Team in China as an example to analyse how the policies and practices related to social-emotion learning were diffused and innovated in China. On this basis, some preliminary suggestions on policy formation, theoretical framework, areas requiring special attention, programme implementation and evaluation can be put forward, which are hoped to provide a little reference for the better promotion of SEL.
As material life becomes better and the pace of life accelerates, mental health is becoming more and more of a concern. However, traditional verbal psychotherapies have failed to meet people’s demands for pleasurable, safe, and universal psychological healing, and thus dance movement therapy has emerged and taken on an increasingly important role in the mental health field. There is a large gap in the comprehensive research on contemporary dance movement therapy related populations and few suggestions for its development in China. To bridge this gap, the author has collected a large amount of relevant literature and summarized the important role of dance therapy in mental health from three perspectives: its emergence and development as well as theoretical foundation; the second part is the current situation of related groups, including the qualifications, employment prospects of dance therapists and three major categories of groups that have been proven to benefit from dance therapy at present; the last part provides suggestions for four social roles concerning the development of dance therapy in China.
The problem of juvenile delinquency has gained much attention nationwide. In the domestic research field, however, there does not seem to be a comprehensive and robust exploration of juvenile delinquency in rural areas. This research examines the current situation of rural minor delinquency and explains the causes of the much higher delinquency rate than urban minor criminality in terms of both reality factors and psychological factors. The loose family connections and failed basic education may lead rural minors to detach from a stable psychological state and thus be more easily lured by the superior material life of criminal gangs and start committing criminal acts. Ultimately, the study proposes three suggestions: reshaping family intimacy; founding the psychological defense; and reducing recidivism. These suggestions may not substantially reduce the crime rate of rural minors, but at least should be the direction of improvement that ought to be pursued today. This study seeks to draw the attention of Chinese judicial and academic field to the crime of rural minors and gradually improve the current situation.
China and the United States are the world biggest energy consumers. In the past few years, the two countries are taking moves to upgrade their energy structure and securing controls on more energy sources, especially on natural gas, which is becoming increasingly important with strategic significance. In December 2022, China has just signed a mega deal with Qatar for a $60 billion, 27-year purchase of liquefied natural gas (LNG). This is full of geopolitical and economic implications, and may have a long-lasting influence over the US-China competition in the Middle East. Therefore, the paper will mainly explore the major concerns of the United States about China’s growing demand for natural gas and how the US will respond to the challenges posed by China on this issue. By adopting a case study on US-China competition for natural gas in the Middle East, the paper intends to shed some light on the potential conflict between the two major countries on natural gas and explain its cause from the US perspective. And by doing case study, the paper concludes that the US is not particularly worrying China’s increasing natural gas demand from other countries, the two countries can work together to help maintain the stability of the world LNG market.
With the rapid development of the Internet and various media platforms, the phenomenon of cyberbullying has emerged and intensified, causing great harm to individuals, families and even the whole society. This paper analyzes in detail the reasons for the occurrence of cyberbullying, explores the solutions to cyberbullying in response to these reasons, and proposes multiple means such as national legislation, social restraint, education and guidance, and technical support from platforms to jointly prevent and manage the growing phenomenon of cyberbullying.
In today’s workplace, Generation Z (those born between 1990 and 2010) is gradually entering the labor market. This generation of young Chinese people has formed their unique social views and values due to the shaping and influence of their social environment. They show a high degree of self-awareness in their work, but at the same time have different degrees of dedication and a tendency of loafing on the job when faced with collective work. Therefore, based on this phenomenon as a starting point, this experiment attempts to explore the moral psychology of this group of people when they work in a group through a thought experiment interview. The results show that when many people show altruistic behavior, their motivation often comes from the balance of their personal benefits. There are also a few people willing to make greater efforts and trust to the uncertain collective work returns. However, when asked about the reasons behind the choices made in each experiment, interviewees often did not realize that their rational thinking was being affected by the moral intuition that they were accustomed to.
The introduction of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) sets up the starting point for the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities in the International Human Rights Law (IHRL) system. Nevertheless, as the largest definable disadvantaged group on the planet, quandaries still exist for States and the public sector in general to eliminate the discrimination and invasion of disability rights in society. Currently, even though there has been significant progress in recognizing and protecting disabled people’s rights, discrimination, access to justice and legal remedies, and the ineffective application of international treaties are still common phenomena in various social aspects. This paper aims to analyze the problems and weaknesses in the current international disability law and propose recommendations to strengthen the protection of disability rights both in peacetime and during armed conflict pursuant to International Humanitarian Law(IHL). In addition, this paper will further examine several state practices – even though many nations have established policies and measures to protect disability rights, potentials for further improvement remain, such as the enactment and monitoring of comprehensive disability rights legislation as well as the popularization of knowledge. To achieve the ideal result, governments, civil society groups, individuals, and the international community shall actively cooperate to effectively safeguard the rights of persons with disabilities, proposing initiatives founded on a thorough and inclusive knowledge of disability rights, dedication to eradicating prejudice, advancing equality of opportunity, and ensuring that everyone has access to the justice and remedies.