Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Humanities and Communication Studies
Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia
Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University
The use of mobile phones is becoming more and more widespread, and the time for students to contact mobile phones for the first time is getting earlier and earlier, so it has become necessary and urgent to pay attention to the psychological problems caused by mobile phones for students. This article analyzes the impact of smartphone apps on students' mental health. This paper argues that overuse or incorrect use can cause students to have psychological problems such as anxiety and depression. This may be due to factors such as lack of communication, family influences, etc. Based on this, this article suggests that society should increase the relevant publicity for the correct use of mobile phones. Schools should pay attention to the different psychological problems of different students and provide targeted counseling. Families should communicate more and guide students to take the initiative to express themselves. Students should learn self-control and at the same time, develop good living habits to avoid psychological problems.
Since the implementation of the "one country, two systems" policy and the return of Hong Kong and Macau, China has become a region with multiple legal jurisdictions, inevitably leading to inter-regional legal conflicts. Consequently, the development of unified inter-jurisdictional conflict law in China has become an imperative trend. Considering the potential future unification of Taiwan, such conflicts are expected to become even more complex. Hence, perfecting China's inter-jurisdictional conflict law has become a major issue for the Chinese conflict law community in the present and the foreseeable future. This paper offers a brief analysis and recommendations regarding the inter-jurisdictional legal conflicts existing within the "four legal domains" of China. Through an analysis of the concept of conflict law, the paper extends to the concept of China's inter-jurisdictional conflict law. Additionally, the paper highlights the issues present within the four legal domains and proposes corresponding solutions. Therefore, this paper holds significant practical significance for resolving inter-jurisdictional legal conflicts within the "four legal domains" of China.
In recent years, the problems focusing on interpersonal stress of teenagers and internet usage become a hit. During adolescence, gender differences, biological changes, and social-emotional development have a significant impact on pubertal development as well as interpersonal stress. For example, females have a obviously higher need for companionship and interpersonal interaction. They use social media more frequently, and they are at higher risk of being victimized by their peers, which exacerbates their high rates of depression and interpersonal stress, leading them to rely on the internet as well. The growth of the internet and social media also deepens comparisons between people. For example, body shame, where adolescents continue to enhance content when they receive compliments and overly pander to make themselves look perfect when they receive dissatisfaction, can, to some extent, increase their anxiety and cause disturbances in their psychological development. Similarly, positive online bloggers who post videos can be inspiring, but posting about negativity or venting about reality can make immature teens more prone to depression and anxiety and further derivation into internet addiction, leading to depression and interpersonal problems. In this article, the relationship between interpersonal interactions and internet use is explored.
The emergence of Chat GPT in the field of education has generated significant interest. This tool, powered by artificial intelligence technology, offers advanced functionalities that surpass those of traditional retrieval search tools. As a result, it represents a significant milestone in the ongoing development of artificial intelligence. Furthermore, Chat GPT introduces a fresh perspective for the exploration of artificial intelligence education.The influence of ChatGPT on education primarily lies within the realm of higher education. It has the potential to enhance learning and research efficiency, as well as impact educational assessment and evaluation. Moreover, it can facilitate the advancement of academic creativity and critical thinking in education. It is important to note that despite technological advancements, knowledge remains fundamental to personal well-being and societal progress, serving as a core resource in modern society. Expanding educational opportunities is crucial for promoting social advancement, enabling a larger population to access higher education. However, it is worth considering whether ChatGPT will entirely replace teachers in this process. Does the use of Chat GPT have a net positive impact on students? Nevertheless, the ongoing discourse lacks substance and lacks a foundation in theory. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to put forth an appropriate framework of technical and theoretical knowledge. This study examines the level of knowledge, frequency of utilization, and reliance on ChatGPT among students with varying academic qualifications through the administration of a questionnaire. The objective is to explore the potential of ChatGPT as a substitute for conventional instructional approaches.
The rising divorce rate has become the norm in modern society. This trend leads to many children of divorced families having certain psychological problems. This review aims to understand the causes and effects of these problems. These problems are likele to have an impact on teenagers in the long term. The psychological effects of the parents' marital status on the children tend to have a certain negative impact on the children's future. Parents' divorce can lead to certain negative psychological problems in children, but this effect may be not as serious as the media states. Some researchers have suggested that the treatment of parent-child relationship is appropriate to mitigate the negative effects of divorce on adolescents. To a certain extent, it helps the child develop resillience and other positive traits as well. At the same time, many research encourage society to be kind to the children of divorced families and accept the diversity of families.
Based on Bourdieu’s concepts of “capital” and “habitus” in his theory of class, this paper uses qualitative research methods to analyze the motivations for studying abroad and interpret the consciousness and perceptions of students growing up in China's first-tier urban areas. Through the analysis of personal interviews with five students from Beijing, Shenzhen, and Dongguan, three categories of motivation were summarized: perceived class, ubiquitous habitus, and unusual paths beyond habitus. The result indicates that studying abroad is not a mechanical inheritance from social class, but also an active self-pursuit from the spirit cultivated by capital, which is related to the self-expectation and realization of individual value. Therefore, studying abroad is a creative result of their growth process, and the experiences brought by studying abroad are breakthrough products of self-growth under social stratification.
Athletic lifestyle is a rapid and wide growth of the social media platform, which infiltrates others’ lives. Apparently, exposure under the marketing strategy is readily available for people to take part. However, researchers may be considering why this engagement affects the change and makes people stick to the experience. To that, embodied cognition is considered an important role for this review paper to elaborate further. To understand how embodied cognition affects the change through the interactive process between mind, body, and the environment, it is necessary to do embodiment-related research on not only the embodiment in consumers’ experience, but also the embodiment application in sports psychology and physical education. Finally, with a degree of understanding of the intersection between embodiment, athletes, and social media influence, this review article has a generic yet highlighted summary of how embodiment can affect change and empower a person through an interactive and co-created environment.
Nowadays, the internet has become an essential tool for people's survival. The internet is diversity that brings people from all over the world to the virtual space through social media which enables people have more exploration. Language is an important communication tool between human chatting with each other online, which has significant impacts on politics, economy, society, technology, and even culture. Under the influence of media communication, people have created internet buzzwords, which greatly enriches people's lives and alleviates their work pressure. Furthermore, Online buzzwords can reflect the changes in the values and mental condition of young people. They can showcase personality, express emotions, and have a high degree of focus and discussion topic. Therefore, more and more people bring internet buzzwords on social media into life which have become a part of their daily lives. The thesis summarizes the characteristics of internet buzzwords, the psychological transmission factors, and positive and negative effects of internet buzzwords by searching dozens of literature.
Social learning strategies are profound for the survival of individuals. At the level of social strategies, human and other primates shared many similarities but also have differences between them. This article aim to gather previous studies about children’s collaborative learning approach and other primates’ social learning strategies, and compare their similarities and difference and discuss the causal information of the variability between children and primates. When different social learning techniques are linked to various incentives, both children and chimps can vary their social learning strategies. However, children are more adaptable than chimpanzees when it comes to selecting or changing their social learning strategies. Furthermore, orangutans did not exhibit the majority-based transmission, unlike toddlers and chimps, who both exhibit a tendency toward social conformity, or the tendency to do what the majority of other members of their social group do. It is suggested that all of the above-mentioned differences between young humans and apes are the result of socialization and cultural transmission.
This article discusses the issue of the nature of works generated by artificial intelligence similar to ChatGPT and the protection of copyright laws. The author first analyzes the content of artificial intelligence generated products or the provisions on the nature of works in major national laws. This article further analyzes the legal practices of various countries in the qualitative analysis of artificial intelligence generated works based on cases of artificial intelligence copyright in different countries. We explored two theoretical perspectives regarding the copyrightability of two types of artificial intelligence-generated works. The first perspective emphasizes the absence of unique individuality in artificial intelligence creations and highlights the discord between the objectives of copyright law and the essence of artificial intelligence-generated works. In contrast, we delved into supportive viewpoints that underscore the potential legal basis for copyright in machine-generated works, the originality introduced by artificial intelligence, and the involvement of humans in the creative process. As the artificial intelligence industry matures, it underscores the necessity for effective legislative actions to fortify the existing legal framework, adapting it to the ever-evolving domain of AI-driven creativity. This approach is pivotal for fostering innovation while concurrently safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of artificial intelligence creators and users.
Intercultural communication has become a vital element in the world today due to globalization. Students are increasingly seeking education in foreign institutions and regions with different cultures. This is a qualitative secondary research with the aim of identifying steps that schools can undertake to cultivate positive intercultural communication between global and local students. Thirty-one peer-reviewed articles were selected after purposive sampling from many sources using desk research using online sources, Google Scholar, the Journal of Communication, and the Journal of Applied Communication Research. The research aimed to answer the general question of: what steps can schools undertake to cultivate positive intercultural communication between global and local students. Therefore, data were collected, and content analysis was conducted to acquire results that were interpreted using the grounded theory. Data analysis was conducted by putting the data into groups based on the questions asked. This ensured that the findings generated were significant and sufficient to make viable and reliable conclusions. The results will be significant in guiding schools and individuals on ways to ensure effective intercultural interactions. These results will ultimately improve the experience for both local and global students. The findings indicated that stereotypes and anxiety are the major obstacles hindering intercultural communication between global and local students. However, learning how to initiate interactions, recognizing cultural differences, and giving more meaning to intercultural social interactions were identified as steps that schools can implement to enhance effective coping.
This research undertakes a comprehensive exploration of reproductive rights and abortion within the broader context of gender politics, with a keen emphasis on the influence of radical feminism. Reproductive rights, extending beyond mere health and medical concerns, intersect with societal, ethical, religious, and political dimensions. Through this lens, the study investigates global reproductive policies and the international legal stance on abortion. The ascendancy of radical feminism and its critiques against historically entrenched patriarchal structures form a core component of this discourse. The article further delves into the legal histories and controversies surrounding both reproductive and abortion rights, probing into their evolving legal frameworks, international regulations, and the multifaceted debates linked to their acceptability. Through the interplay of these elements, the research ultimately converges on the broader implications these topics have on global human rights, women’s socio-economic standings, and the fluid realm of gender dynamics. The overarching goal is to shed light on these intricate relationships, contributing to a more equitable and inclusive understanding of evolving gender politics.
Organ transplantation benefits mankind. However, the global medical community faces an acute shortage of donor organs for transplant. The organ shortage is also a social problem faced by countries around the world. This paper analyzes the current situation and existing problems of organ donation and transplantation in the world and compares and summarizes the collected data by searching relevant domestic and foreign essays. To raise the level of human organ donation, improve the problem of organ shortage, and promote sustainable and healthy donation by strengthening publicity, optimizing the mode and process of organ donation, perfecting the organ distribution mechanism, speeding up the legislation of brain death, and perfecting the relevant laws of organ transplantation.
As AI continues to produce content at an unprecedented rate, it is essential to establish a robust legal framework to protect the rights of creators and appropriately assign liability in cases of copyright infringement. Generative AI technology has the characteristics of high data demand, strong human-computer interaction, weak interpretability, and weak stability. The main civil subjects in generative AI services are generative AI service providers and users. In the pre-training stage, if generative AI uses copyrighted works without authorization, it should be recognized as copyright infringement, and the relevant infringement liability should be borne by generative AI service providers. In the content generation stage, the high similarity between AI-generated content and prior works can be attributed to various factors, including flaws in the generative model, intentional design choices, and user input and guidance. Both the generative AI service provider and the user bear direct tort liability for the infringement. However, the question of whether generative AI service providers also bear indirect tort liability should be explored, considering their role and similarities to traditional ISPs. Generative AI service providers should fulfill their obligations, take appropriate actions to prevent infringement, and report any illegal activities to the relevant authorities.
Since the onset of the 21st century, Saudi Arabia and Israel have clandestinely engaged in political and economic collaborations with the shared objective of countering Shiite organizations led by Iran. Notably, there has been a discernible shift towards normalizing relations between Saudi Arabia and Israel. Nevertheless, the eruption of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict on October 7, 2023, has introduced a degree of ambiguity concerning the resolution of this matter and the trajectory of the Middle East's geopolitical landscape. This paper aims to investigate the repercussions of the offensive initiated by Hamas on the process of normalizing Israel-Saudi relations and the responses of the international community from various perspectives. Employing a comprehensive literature review methodology, the paper will examine alterations in policy between Israel and Saudi Arabia, while utilizing data collection techniques to assess the adverse consequences and potential outcomes of the outbreak of hostilities. Moreover, this paper will innovatively delve into the role of media coverage in shaping public sentiment and influencing diplomatic decision-making. By considering political, diplomatic, and socio-cultural factors, it seeks to offer profound insights into the broader implications for regional stability and international relations within the Middle East.
The rapid proliferation of AI technology, marking the transition from weak AI to strong AI, has catalyzed a surge in AI-generated content across various domains. This transformation has brought into question the protection of intellectual property rights associated with AI-generated works. This paper embarks on an exploration of the evolving framework for protecting AI-generated content within the context of Chinese law. It delves into the multifaceted dimensions of this issue, scrutinizing copyright disputes arising from the innovative nature of AI content generation. Furthermore, it critically analyzes judicial practices to discern the evolving legal stance regarding AI-generated works, distinguishing cases where protection is granted from those where it is denied. In response to the challenges posed by this nascent field, the article also proposes a set of strategies geared towards fortifying the protective mechanisms for AI-generated content. These strategies encompass the development of classification criteria based on the purpose of content generation, the enhancement of intellectual property registration and verification mechanisms, and the promotion of synergy between technological advancements and legal frameworks.
Public relations is an important element of the media society, establishing the links of mutual communication between the organization and the various stakeholders . These stakeholders usually include but are not limited to customers, suppliers, shareholders, media, government, and the company’s employees. Public relations (PR) professionals are crucial to guiding the ethical standards of organizations. They can either encourage ethical or unethical conduct during campaigns. This paper discusses the ethical foundations in public relations, the ethical challenges in the profession, and ways that public relations professionals can act more ethically. The paper emphasizes the importance of making ethical decisions in PR to build trustworthy, mutually beneficial relationships for both the organization and the various stakeholders. By examining the ethical dilemmas inherent to the profession itself and analyzing real-world cases, this paper argues that engaging in ethical public relations is not only a moral obligation but also a strategic imperative. Ethical public relations can preserve professional integrity, build trustworthy relationships with stakeholders, and contribute to the long-term success of both the organization and the PR practitioners’ careers.
The internationalization of higher education has emerged as one of the major research areas in the current era of economic globalization. However, there are still some unified explanations about the relationship between the two. This paper will explain the relationship between economic globalization and the internationalization of higher education, analyzing a part of the history of economic globalization as well as some literature on higher education internationalization. The research found that higher education internationalization and globalization of the economy are mutually reinforcing, that is, the internationalization of higher education may be able to promote further globalization, while economic globalization can facilitate higher education's internationalization to grow more quickly. However, there are still some problems and obstacles in the mutual promotion of the two, such as anti-globalization, the single way of internationalization of higher education, and few returns. This paper then gives suggestions such as taking education as an important strategy to promote the economy, expanding ways of developing internationalization of higher education, and providing more opportunities to the returned students to these problems at the end that might smoothen the mutual promotion of the two.
Children's education has always been a hot topic in the education area. With the development of technology, the internet has become one of the most attractive education tools in children's education. This study aims to analyze the impact of Internet use on children's education and make some recommendations for improving the efficiency and safety of children's educational use of the Internet. Analysis of previous studies shows that using the internet can have positive effects, such as broadening horizons, facilitating the development of digital skills, and increasing learning efficiency at home. However, improper use of the Internet can trigger problems in children's education, such as Internet addiction and Internet-induced violence. Based on this, this paper makes some recommendations, including fostering communication awareness among children, families, and schools about how these children use the Internet, creating a global organization, and unifying Internet regulations around the world. The paper points out that there is still room for improvement in the use of the Internet as a tool for children's education, and that families and education systems should pay more attention to this area of education.
As the need for talent and the corresponding ability to improve it becomes more and more urgent in modern society, education has completed a shift from the simple transfer of knowledge to a key tool for fostering creativity, critical thinking, and adaptability. However, this transformation has also brought about a series of new challenges, the most prominent of which are the phenomena of educational anxiety and involution. This paper provides a theoretical analysis and elaboration of the data collected on the causes of educational anxiety and the dialectical view of educational anxiety as well as the corresponding measures to address it. It is found that educational anxiety mainly comes from parents' deviation in educational expectations and unidirectional pursuit of educational targets, the contradiction between unlimited educational competition and limited educational resources, and social transformation and development. The corresponding solutions are that parents should take a dialectical view of education anxiety and set up a correct view of education; education-related bodies should promote the reform of the education evaluation system to promote the all-round development of students; and government departments should create a favorable environment for education and improve the family education guidance service system. The current education should focus on individual students, get rid of utilitarianism as the mainstream of test-based education, promote diversified quality education practices, and maximize the relief of parents' educational anxiety.