Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the International Conference on Interdisciplinary Humanities and Communication Studies (ICIHCS 2022), Part 6

    Conference Date





    The study of humanities spans a variety of academic fields and is not restricted to any one area of research. Our conference aims to look into how interdisciplinarity, the humanities, and communication interact. What’s more, our conference devote to define the shifting connections between these concepts on the one hand, and extend current understanding of various studies on the other. We hope that interdisciplinary research with humanities and communication emphasis can all be traced back to the philosophical foundations of their research and therefore new ideas would be developed. 


    978-1-915371-39-3 (Print)

    978-1-915371-40-9 (Online)

    Published Date



    Muhammad Idrees, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad

    Matilde Lafuente-Lechuga, University of Murcia


  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220680

    Research on the Psychological Impacts of Violence Games and Solutions

    Violent behavior is one of the influencing factors in the development of physical and mental health in individuals and has a great degree of influence on family and social harmony. This research was conducted in order to understand the influence of violent games and violent or criminal film and television on the psychology of adolescents and what they have done. The results were obtained through a literature search, an opinion survey, and a questionnaire. "In the rapidly developing Internet era, works containing violent and crime elements may lead some adolescents who are not well guided to the path of crime, but not attribute to society simply because evil things are bound to happen in society," according to the research findings of this paper. In addition to this, the crime should not be imputed to violent works, leading to a lack of certain education on the subject of violence in adulthood, so that they do not understand how to solve the relevant incidents when they encounter them. This paper suggest that the correct approach should be to first limit the time that minors are exposed to violent works to avoid creating shadows then to be properly guided by parents.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220681

    An Overview of the Reasons for the High Separation Rate of Post-90s

    The phenomenon of job-hopping among the post-90s is frequent, which is not good for the development of companies and the mental health of contemporary young people. Now that the post-00s generation is gradually entering the workplace, more attention should be paid to solving the problem of frequent job-hopping among young people. Many researchers have analyzed the reasons for their frequent turnover from multiple perspectives, but there is no relevant review on the psychological reasons for job-hopping among the post-90s generation when searching the literature. Therefore, by reviewing and summarizing relevant literature, this paper summarizes the psychological factors of frequent job-hopping among the post-90s generation, including unsatisfied self-needs, insufficient psychological capital and low career adaptability, and summarizes the effectiveness of corporate adoption. Compared with their predecessors, the post-90s generation has both a need for salary and more psychological needs in their workplace life. Understanding and meeting young people's psychological needs is conducive to the mental health of the post-90s generation and the stable development of companies.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220683

    Mechanisms Underlying the Effect of Passive Social Network Use (PSNU) on Subjective Well-being (SWB): The Mediating Role of Ruminative Thinking

    It is worth noting that the widespread popularity of smartphones has not only brought convenience to people, but also the SWB problem that comes with the PSNU has become a growing concern. In a survey of smartphone user groups, it was found that university students are the main force behind smartphone usage. Aiming to explore how the PSNU affects the perception of SWB through reflective thinking as well as to further understand the underlying mechanisms, this study used a questionnaire to survey 321 university students. The results found that: (1) There were significant negative predictive effects of passively using social network sites on SWB. (2) The passive usage of social network sites negatively affects university students' SWB by increasing their personal ruminative thinking. (3) PSNU also predicted life satisfaction through two mediating chains between ruminative thinking and emotions. This is achieved through a mediating chain between ruminative thinking and positive emotions as well as through a mediating chain between ruminative thinking and negative emotions. This study offers more proof of the PSNU has on college students' SWB and offers a solid theoretical framework for future research in cyber-psychology and, consequently, for effective behavioral education.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220685

    Embodied Effect on Memory Performance

    The relevant theories of psychology have made great progress since the 1980s, among which the emergence and development of embodied cognition theory have played a crucial role in the transformation of the psychological research paradigm. The theory of embodied cognition emerged from the critical reflection of the original mind-body dualism. Through the continuous exploration and research of the theory by scholars at home and abroad, its outline is becoming clearer, and the relevant theories and evidence are constantly emerging. The core of the embodied cognitive theory, which opposes the traditional cognitive psychology of mind-matter duality, is to integrate mind and body and the environment with them into the cognitive process system and to emphasize the interaction between the three. The related effects in embodied cognition are reflected in the processing of human memory. The research on embodied effects in memory performance plays a vital role in consolidating and developing the construction of embodied cognition theory. More and more studies have shown that the process of memory is embodied, and its encoding and retrieval processes are embodied. It is a process of encoding and simulating events and their associated environments, which bases on the perception of the body. This paper summarized the progress of the research on embodied effects in memory performance, analyzed the related mechanisms of embodied effects in memory performance, and make suggestions for future research paths.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220697

    Relationship between Decision-Making and Executive Function in Conditions of Age, Risk, and Decision-Making Styles

    A narrative review of the relationship between decision-making and executive function. Iowa Gambling Task and Cognitive Reflection Test, these two Adult Decision‐Making Competence tasks, were used to measure individuals’ executive function and decision-making abilities. Age, risk level, and other characteristics all impact the link between decision-making and executive function. These factors, which play an essential variable, were discussed in the review. Research for five decision-making styles correlates with the executive function, including rational, intuitive, dependent, avoidant, and spontaneous. They were also discussed and compared with the age factors. Moreover, the dangers like internet disorder and pathological gambling, which come from the deficit of executive function, have been argued.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220700

    Research on the Double Reduction Policy ——Taking Huicheng District of Huizhou City as an Example

    A few years ago, phenomena such as "sky-high school district housing" and "high tutorial fees" continued despite repeated prohibitions. "It is difficult for a poor family to have a successful son" has become an anecdote of ordinary people after dinner. In order to return to educational equity and alleviate academic anxiety, the national "double reduction" policy was issued in July 2021. Through interviews with primary and secondary school students and their families in Huizhou City, this paper aims to understand their feelings about implementing the double reduction policy for one year. This paper uses the methods of literature analysis, case analysis, interview, questionnaire and theoretical analysis. According to the survey, this paper finds that burden reduction is a far-reaching educational revolution for China. It is a long way to go for the whole society, schools, teachers, parents and students.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220709

    Gamification’s Effect on Academic Motivation and Progress

    In reality, more and more students found it hard to participate or engage actively in academic learning, and this lead to the decline of academic performance. In order to increase the role and effort that students put in their learning progress, motivation have to be highly enhanced. The main purpose of this study is to enable students to better find motivation to learn, to enter the ideal university and to achieve future goals. To better motivate students to learn, gamification has to cooperate with academic concepts. This research is more for the benefit of society, once people no longer feel bored through the help of gamification, the efficiency of work and all aspects will be greatly improved. Through in-depth investigation of gamification, we can achieve achievements in various fields, especially academic motivation. Therefore, this research can better help students to achieve one’s goal and enhance oneself.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220721

    Maintenance Treatments of Lithium, Carbamazepine, and Adjunctive CBT in Bipolar Disorder: Review

    Bipolar disorder is an acute mental health condition with high relapse rates. At the onset, it can affect the normal functioning of the individual life of patients. Although there are no curative treatments for it, many other treatments are available to reduce relapse rates and stabilise symptoms. This article reviewed previous experiments, meta-analyses, and literature reviews on the topic of pharmacotherapies and integrated therapies in treating bipolar disorder and their effects on recurrent rates. It focused on three treatments, which were lithium, carbamazepine, and adjunctive cognitive behavioural therapy, and aimed to assess their efficacy and tolerability in treating bipolar disorder. Lithium was found to show its anti-manic effect and anti-suicide effect, which remained the gold standard in treating bipolar disorder. Whereas, adverse effects should be carefully noted to avoid worsened long-term health conditions. It was shown that carbamazepine had a comparable effect to lithium and was a potential candidate for lithium. But it requires more research to further assess its effectiveness. Adjunctive CBT showed its efficacy in treating both manic and depressive episodes. While bipolar patients who had relatively more mood episodes may not benefit from it.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220725

    Exploring the Causes and Solution of the Unequal Educational Problem in Different Regions of China

    Nowadays, an increasing number of people are still attentive to educational issues. In respect of this issue, some researchers have found that economic level and social class in different regions of China have a significant impact on the distribution of education. However, there is a lack of unified explanation and development of the underlying contributing factors and the solutions that can solve the problem. Therefore, the main focus of this essay is a review of the research on China's uneven distribution of educational resources. The research design of this paper is as follows: Firstly, the author will collect the economic level and education distribution resource data of different regions in China. Second, the author will review existing literature, combine and analyze it with data to identify potential factors that contribute to the inequitable allocation of educational resources in China, and propose solutions to this problem. According to the findings of this review, most scholars believe that the issue of education inequality among urban and rural areas seems to be more serious, and there are many pieces of literature in this regard. However, we should pay attention to the fact that the existing literature still lacks practical application and unified theoretical support. Therefore, in the future education development, the Chinese government should provide more economic and psychological help for some poor areas, so as to achieve the ultimate goal of national education equality.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220731

    The Research on Video Contents Related to Left-behind Children on China's Short Video Platform

    Short videos have gotten into almost everyone's daily life as a result of the Internet's explosive growth. One of the most significant social issues affecting Chinese society at the moment is the problem of left-behind children. This article examines videos about left-behind children in the most popular short video software in China, such as Bilibili and Jitterbug, in order to combine short videos and the issue of left-behind children. The author draws the conclusion that since the children in the videos are immature and live in challenging circumstances, society and the government should do more to protect and care for them. The author bases this conclusion on an analysis of the living conditions, family dynamics, living conditions, and psychological states of the children who are left behind. The problem of left-behind children is a very serious social problem, which must be widely paid attention to by the society.This paper helps families, schools and society pay enough attention to this problem and take their own responsibilities.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220732

    The Attitude and Depth of Female Players in the Otome Games and the Discussion of Current Gender Issues and Future Prospects

    With the rapid economic development of the world after 2000, games, as a way of entertainment for people in real life, occupy the main entertainment life of people with the characteristics of simple, quick, and highly entertaining. In the East Asian market, based on the particularity of East Asian female players, mobile games are developed exclusively for women in terms of various senses, game Settings, and plot development, so as to meet the fantasy and demand of some East Asian women for perfect love partners. But the ballyhooed development of the Otome game unavoidably can receive partial male dissatisfaction in society. In the market, there is relatively little research on the social factors behind women’s preference for virtual boyfriends and the Otome games, as well as the research on players’ emotional and psychological activities. Most of the research is from the perspective of theory and market analysis. It is difficult to really have a mental and emotional connection with female players of the Otome games. Only by starting from the players themselves and exploring their real thoughts, attitudes, and in-depth levels can we draw relevant conclusions and look forward to the future of the Otome games.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220735

    The Impact of Social Statuses on Education in Chinese Society

    Diverse and complex influencing factors affect the level of education in China; however, few studies show the relationship between social class and education level. In order to further explore the influencing factors of education level, this study focuses on the influence of social class on educational experiences. A method of quantitative questionnaires is used as the research methodology. The main finding of this study is: a correlation exists between educational level and social status, both in terms of individual and general public perceptions. Based on the finding, some future research directions in the field of education can be considered. This study also tries to propose limitations of the survey: a lack of abundant participants and a clear definition of education level. Previous studies directly examined the relationship between social status and educational experiences. This current study further provides a new perspective on equality education and inspires future research on equalizing social distributions.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220736

    Comparative Study on the Impact of Education Preferential Policies for Minorities in U.S and China

    This paper reviews former studies on education preferential policies for minorities in the U.S. and China based on a comparative perspective. The study aims to provide possible suggestions for improvements in these policies in terms of increasing their impact on minority social groups and eliminating the disparity. It mainly focuses on Affirmative Action in the U.S. and the Marking Adding policy for minorities in China. By comparing similar policies’ effects in different countries, this study shows the difference between their effect on education levels, economic conditions, and the long-term development of minorities. The possible causes include economic disparity, implicit discrimination, and lack of flexible curriculums. To improve the outcome of these education preferential policies, measures such as increasing the policy’s focus on economic disparity, introducing regulations to prevent discrimination, and providing a more de-centered curriculum should be taken. Although the two policies have been discussed repeatedly in different studies, not many studies have applied the comparative approach to investigate the similarities and differences of the impact of these policies. This paper fills in the gap by comprehensively comparing these policies and suggesting possible improvements.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220737

    Impact of American Education System under the Covid-19 Pandemic Period

    With the specific change of COVID-19 influence, our society was facing a huge challenge in operating the several concepts, especially in educational field. This paper observes the extremely effects of the pandemic on the American educational system during the current three years, suggesting the specific changes in students’ achievement gaps, inequality of school resources, variety of pedagogical approaches and impacts on students’ mental and physical health. Besides, it also focuses on the differences of school structure, including class structure and teachers’ attitude to see if it mainly affect students’ learning under such unnormal circumstance. The results shows that the pandemic of COVID-19 definitely brought negative impacts on learners, especially for low-income families. Students with weak educational treatments before. For example, Hispanic, Black, and indigenous will face the increasing possibilities of loosing their educational chances due to the lack of school resources, difficulties in accepting new techniques and other problems that happened during the pandemic period. Based on these findings, our government can absolutely understand the problems and teaching needs faced by students under COVID-19 period, and better make corresponding plans to help more children get effective learning opportunities in a fair and equitable way.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220742

    Neurological Evidence Supporting the Effect of Uncertainty on Associative Learning: A Co-ordinated Based Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis

    Environmental uncertainty can carry relevant motivational consequences. Previous studies demonstrated uncertain rewards would enhance the learning process and neural studies addressed the brain bases of uncertainty. From the fMRI studies identified, this review examined the neural signatures for educational context by using a coordinated-based activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis. This meta-analysis revealed a shared activation pattern in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) which takes role of processing emotions and cognitive resources. This result indicates that the brain area of PFC was generally activated under the condition of Uncertainty vs. Certainty and CS+ vs. CS-, which can be applied in the educational context. This review suggests that teachers’ feedback and unanticipated rewards are important to facilitate learning. In educational situation, how the sense of the general attractiveness of uncertainty correspond to both novel and repeated exposures remains discussion.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220743

    Social Comparison Orientation Associated with Psychological Well Being: The Mediated Role of Self-efficacy

    The paper focused on how social comparison orientation people apply influence their psychological well-being and how self-efficacy plays an important role in buffering some negative influence from upward social comparison compared with someone better in one domain. In Festinger’s social comparison theory, the social comparison orientation instructed how people process the information they compared for, and related emotion was induced differently. In this paper, 2000 college students in Boston were proposed to participate in two experiments that discuss how different social comparison orientations affect their perception of life satisfaction. For the hypothetical result, we proposed that a high level of engagement in social comparison and ability-based social comparison was associated with less life satisfaction than the participants who had a low level of social comparison and opinion-based social comparison. In terms of coping strategy, we assumed that a high level of self-efficacy, which is the belief in capability to achieve a certain goal, will buffer the negative impact from upward comparison and improve the life satisfaction of those participants who like to engage with social comparison and ability-based comparison orientation.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220747

    Exploring English Writing Anxiety in Chinese High School Students

    This paper explores the English writing anxiety among Chinese high school students' about causes and suggestions. Data were collected from 134 Chinese high school students who answered the Foreign Language Writing Anxiety Scale (FLWAS) questionnaire. The FLWAS adopted a 5-point Likert response format. After statistical analysis, main findings were: (1) FLWAS has three main factors including low self-confidence in English writing (FLWAS1), aversion to English writing (FLWAS2) and English writing evaluation anxiety (FLWAS3). (2) Participants in this study were mostly unconfident in English writing and had no preference nor aversion to writing in English and were concerned about the quality of their compositions; (3) No significantly difference was shown between male and female students. This research filles a gap for English writing anxiety in Chinese high schools and can lay a foundation for further studies in this field.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220749

    Changes in English Education Policies in Chinese Higher Education Institutions 1979-1999

    The policy of “reform and opening up” in 1978 expanded exchanges between China and foreign countries, and the importance of English became increasingly prominent. The Ministry of Education decided to change the English education policy to develop English talents that meet the needs of society. This paper reviews the changes in China's education policy from 1979 to 1999. The main arguments of this paper are: 1) the communicative approach to English has been implemented; 2) the proportion of content reflecting communicative purposes in textbooks has increased; 3)a few universities have begun to propose a model for training complex English talents. Therefore, the contribution of this paper is to provide a reference for future education policy reform.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220750

    Challenges of Developing English Education in China A Comparison between PPP and TBLT

    Under the influence of globalization, English has a growing influence on China. Since 1976, the year that marks the ending of the Cultural Revolution, English education has begun to rise in China, and then has experienced tremendous challenges and changes over the past decades. Various teaching methods have also emerged in foreign language education during this procedure. This paper starts from reviewing how the English education in China has developed from the Cultural Revolution in 1966 to the early 21st century, then investigates two popular teaching methods during this period - PPP (presentation, practice, and production, which is the traditional teaching method) and TBLT (task-based teaching method), compares the differences between the two teaching methods and analyzes their advantages and problems. Finally, some countermeasures are suggested to solve these problems, including adjusting the class scale to fit different types of teaching methods, combining PPP and TBLT where available, introducing new technologies as tools, etc.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-05-17 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/7/20220751

    The Role of Sociolinguistics in English Teaching and How to Develop Sociolinguistics Competences of Future Teachers

    Sociolinguistics is the branch of linguistics that studies the purposes and uses of language in society. It makes an effort to clarify how language varies across geographic boundaries and how people in one setting interact with those in another. However, the influence of sociolinguistics in English teaching is also very extensive, and it is indispensable for teachers to improve their sociolinguistics competencies if they want to better teach English. This paper draws on Bayyurt's research, links the three branches of language attitude, language and culture, and language planning and policy he mentioned with English teaching, and suggests social linguistics competencies future teachers can improve for better teaching. In the end, it was concluded that future teachers should improve their intercultural computer technology competence and the use of case study competence.

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