Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Psychology and Humanity Studies

    Conference Date







    978-1-915371-97-3 (Print)

    978-1-915371-98-0 (Online)

    Published Date



    Muhammad Idrees, University of Agriculture

    Faisalabad Matilde Lafuente-Lechuga, University of Murcia


  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230002

    From Polygamy to Monogamy, Social Progress or Suppression of Human Nature?

    This work studies how mating strategies vary between long-term and short-term relationships, and between males and females. Therefore, it leads to the discussion and comparison between monogamy and polygamy. In this work, males’ and females’ biological difference is analyzed to present different priorities in mating strategy. Additionally, the optimal evolutionary mating strategies for men and women are present according to their own circumstances and needs. From a macro point of view, sexual market is objectively existed, which make it crucial for people to know how to improve and make use of their sexual market values, such as choosing an appropriate mating strategy and marriage.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230009

    How Can International Legal Rules and Institutions Improve Aspects of the Global Response to Pandemic Disease and Climate Change?

    This paper examines the role of existing and future international laws and international organizations in mitigating climate change and pandemic disease issues. Both of these issues are urgent and significant sustainable development goals. A carbon market is a practical approach reformed by the Paris Agreement that helps climate mitigation, especially in developing countries. Available evidence concludes that adversity in biodiversity and climate change forms a vicious circle that lacks international cooperation, and the paper proposes solutions. Vaccination is at the center of discussion as the Covid-19 pandemic raises global awareness of public health issues. Organizations are expected to be more effective and better provide access to the vaccine for developing countries. Therefore, better international treaties must be established, which are expected to include forming independent affiliates and enhanced financial assistance, technical assistance, and so on.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230010

    The Influence of Internet on Adolescent Psychological Development from the Perspective of Developmental Psychology

    With the rapid development of science and technology, the Internet has gradually become a channel for teenagers to interact with the outside world. Therefore, from the perspective of developmental psychology, this study combines Kohlberg’s moral theory and Erikson’s development theory to analyze the influence of the Internet on adolescents. In addition, this study provides strategies for teachers and parents to strengthen the positive effects of the Internet and reduce the negative effects of the Internet. The result shows that it can bring some benefits to adolescents, such as helping adolescents to achieve self-identity and meeting the needs of communication and emotional expression. However, it can also have a negative influence on some teenagers. For example, harmful Internet information may make them set up the wrong values. In addition, cyberbullying, a new form of bullying derived from the Internet, can lead to depression problems in adolescents. Specifically, for positive effects, teachers can ask classmates to complete homework that requires using the Internet, and parents can teach children to use the Internet to a limited extent. For negative influences, teachers and parents should convey correct values to teenagers, communicate with teenagers on an equal footing, and help teenagers establish a growth mindset.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230012

    Attempting to Explore Entrenched Inequalities in the UK: Analysing Darlington and Formulating a Research Methodology

    This study examines the critical definitions and debates of geographic inequality by looking at the development of inequality to clarify the pressing geographic inequality challenges facing the UK, taking Darlington as the target area for developing locally applicable research methods. Since the negative impact of the historical process of unequal development in Britain, innovative investigations are called to solve this problem. This paper discusses the deep-rooted inequality in Britain by reviewing the information on geographical inequality and analysing the data from multiple spatial perspectives. The data analysis shows that the UK is one of the unequal countries in the industrialised countries and suffers from increasing domestic inequality challenges. In addition, the economic performance of London is far better than that of other regions. London has an extreme inequality between the bottom and top income levels. In addition, the data research illustrates that Darlington has optimistic trends and low levels of educational qualifications, and average weekly income. Secondly, due to the lack of research on inequality and trends in small regions, the paper utilised the attitudinal survey design as a research method to attempt to explore the correlation between population education and income and to understand further the inequality situation in the area by the relevant authorities.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230017

    The Effect of Microglia on Depression

    This paper focuses on the relationship between microglia and depression. Depression is affected by multiple structures, cells, and hormones, including the hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, gut microbiota, stem cells, and glucocorticoids. This paper explores the relationship between microglia and structures, how these structural changes lead to increased concentrations of microglia leading to depression, and current treatment options for depression. Treatment options include drug therapy, electroacupuncture, and stem cell therapy. All of these treatments significantly impact the cure of depression and, at the same time, affect the overactivated microglia cells. It is concluded that the production of depression is closely related to microglial cells.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230020

    Music Genres, Emotions, and Stress-reducing

    The influence of music on human emotions is a hotly studied topic due to the widespread recognition of the importance of the problem in Psychology. Unfortunately, the relationship between stress-reducing and music genres is little addressed due to the lack of studies. The essay aims to address the gap in knowledge by analyzing previous studies. The study indicates that different music genres have different levels of influence on the human stress system. Furthermore, the author confirms that listening to Classical Music can have a number of advantages for relaxation and stress-reducing through investigating and analyzing different existing studies and papers. This essay may help audience to better understand the positive effects of music on human body.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230022

    Will Totalitarian Movement Rise Again in the Future?

    This paper aims to discuss the elements, technology, and entertainment that totalitarians may utilize in the future. Technology is an essential method of controlling the populace. Nowadays, more advanced technology like street cameras, smart home devices, and even smartphones can be convenient ways to monitor one's private life, which can help dictators reach total control and manipulate the populace. Despite this Orwellian vision of totalitarianism, other ideas of totalitarianism offered by Aldous Huxley in Brave New World may also be realized in the future because of the emergence of television entertainment.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230023

    Study of the Main Components of Educational Inequality in Contemporary China

    The idea of educational equity has a long history, and the pursuit of educational justice is a long-standing human society ideal. China is one of the largest educational countries in the world. The government has been working hard for educational equity. With the continuous development of society, many educational hidden dangers left in the past have gradually emerged. The main research object of this paper is the inequity phenomenon in modern China’s education circumstances, and through the research data, policies, and existing research theories to look for the root of the inequity in China’s education. The results of the study found that it is difficult to generalize the root causes of the existing educational inequity in China. Policies, resources, and regions are one of the main manifestations of inequity, among which resources are the most important. Their origins are interrelated, and inequality of opportunity is one of the reasons. This paper puts forward some feasible schemes to improve the current situation of educational inequity in China from the perspective of different areas.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230025

    Research on the Ageing of Smart Cities in China

    This paper is based on the Seventh National Population Census Bulletin and the author's two years of experience working in a charitable organization in Shanghai, China. This paper aims to describe three trends- urbanization, digitalization of urban areas, and aging population-in China, and the problems the society, especially the elderly, is facing when these three inevitable tendencies intersect. The PEST model is used to analyze and describe the problem above. In the PEST model in this paper, different solutions were listed. In the PEST model, the author puts forward corresponding policy suggestions from the perspectives of politics (public administration), economy (fiscal and consumption problems of the elderly in the digital city), society (the life of the elderly under the epidemic policy), and technology (the use of digital products by the elderly). In terms of administration, a certain number of staff should be kept helping the elderly in governmental offices, or special passes should be opened for the elderly. Economically, protect the labor rights of the elderly and participate in their capable work. Keep offline consumption scenarios going and carry out aging adaptation. From a social perspective, it will facilitate the lives of the elderly in the epidemic era and reduce the nucleic acid code information procedure. Increase the mobile phone use education for the elderly from the perspective of science and technology.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230031

    Visually Overwhelmed Graphic Design Element Anxiety Syndrome and Its Value Leading

    In recent years, along with the diversified development of culture, two-dimensional elements in posters, posters, logos, and many other types of graphic design have become contemporary testimonies and symbols. However, many graphic designers have neglected to improve their structure and creative abilities and started to rely on the software and tools they use to produce art, leading to reduced quality of output and making everything look the same in our information-saturated world, which in turn impact the audience who has developed aesthetic anxiety and facing challenges to absorb the information they truly need in an ocean of images that is chaotic and fast-moving. In light of this, this paper analyzes the creative process and the application of contemporary graphic design. It discusses the problems in using two-dimensional elements and the corresponding solutions, such as starting from images, words, and colors simultaneously. These suggestions can significantly help to improve the effect of graphic design and creative industries to relieve the aesthetic anxiety of the public and provide them with better solutions and the ability to absorb the information they need.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230032

    Status and Problems of International Departments in Chinese Public Schools

    International education in China is developing rapidly, and the current situation of the international department of public schools, a special category of international schools, is unclear and problematic. This paper analyzes the current situation and problems of the international section of public schools in China from different perspectives: the history and origins of this form of education, the cities where it is located, the quality of the student population, the content of the curriculum, the conflict between Chinese and foreign teaching methods, the conflict between learning modes, the use of learning equipment, the problems of the school management, the international section of public schools in the context of the epidemic, and the changing trends in the destination of study abroad. This paper is a comprehensive analysis of the international education system in public schools, from the perspective of students and those who have experienced it, using a variety of data and concrete analysis based on real-life situations to sort out existing problems and clarify the current situation so that it can be analyzed in greater depth.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230034

    Recent Advancement in Evidence-based Psychological Therapies for Eating Disorders: A Review

    Eating disorders (ED) is a behavioral problem defined by severe and persistent eating pattern disorder and severe mental illness, which will cause serious and even life-threatening risks to the physical and mental health of patients. The best nursing guidelines include early detection and immediate intervention, supported by a science-focused interdisciplinary team approach involving experts in the fields of medicine, psychology and nutrition. This article summarized the current treatment suggestions by understanding ED diagnosis, the Association for Eating Disorders (AED) treatment guidelines, and the evidence-based psychotherapy recommended by AED for children/adolescents, adults, and special populations. Future modifications of the recommendations will take into account fresh scientific knowledge as it emerges because the body of evidence is growing quickly.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230037

    Impact of Shanghai's Zero Covid Policy on Manufacturers and Employees - Case study

    The pandemic that was brought on by the COVID-19 virus has resulted in an increase in the number of lockdowns in China. Given that Shanghai is the country's financial hub, the effects of the citywide lockdown imposed on the Chinese economy were tremendous and very significant. In order to get insight into the ways in which companies and people in Shanghai were impacted, an interview was carried out at a manufacturing company in the city. We discussed the issues and challenges that were presented to them in terms of their manufacturing, supply chain, sales, and marketing. We also spoke with employees separately to have a better understanding of the difficulties they faced. It is recommended that the government should, in the near future, relax control measures and offer greater help to small businesses and those who are now without jobs.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230040

    How Does Political Engagement by Classes of People Affect the Policies Made by Politicians?

    This research revolves around the impact of political activity on policymakers' decisions. First, this work discusses some well-known methods of restricting political participation for certain categories of people, such as vote suppression in various forms. Then, the work shows how several additional factors influence political engagement and how such changes affect policies such as tax rates. Later, the work presents model that would allow testing the hypothesis that politicians' behavior is intimately tied to their interests, assuming that they respond to varying levels of political participation each time. Lastly, the work provides theoretical analyses using economic principals to reach reasonable and logical conclusions.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230041

    Analysis and Suggestions on Modern Teenage Life Education in China

    Life education focuses on cultural and value world. Youngsters life education should be taken into action. The urgency of teenage life education. Teens are facing unprecedented challenges in the new era. Trends of becoming instrumented “rational” people. The essay focused on why life education is becoming increasingly more important in youngsters’ life, and how to promote high quality life education in the society. This paper was supported by both literature review, which could be checked in the references down below, and quantitative research, such as 337 pieces of feedbacks of self-designed questionnaire. This paper found life education was needed because of teenagers’ loss in life meaning and corruption in beliefs, relevant to the contemporary era. This paper is devoted to explore the origins and carry out possible solutions on the topic of life education, so that teenagers and society in the future could benefit. Eventually, appreciation to the help of professors offered.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230049

    The Problems Encountered in the Implementation of the “Double Reduction” Policy and Suggestions

    China published the Opinions on Further Reducing the Students' Assignment Burden and the Off-Campus Training Burden in Compulsory Education in July 2021 in an effort to alleviate the academic burden of Chinese primary and secondary students. With the execution of the "Double Reduction" policy, however, numerous problems emerged. The school has cut the amount of homework provided to students, but parents will actively offer additional homework. On the surface, the number of after-school tutoring institutes has decreased, but these classes continue to proliferate covertly. This series of issues arises from the "Double Reduction" policy's disregard for parents' and children' needs to improve exam scores. We should take into account this demand by enhancing the education burden reduction policy further. This paper will use actual cases and empirical data to illustrate the problems that have occurred since the adoption of the "Double Reduction" policy, and give suggestion to improve the policy in combination with literature and the author's own ideas.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230055

    The Lack of Contemporary Death Education in China and Its Impact on Public Awareness

    China lacks three categories of education: sex education, education of love, and death education, which correspond to the integrity of the body, the abundance of the soul, and the value of life, but they have become forbidden, obscure, and taboo. In recent years, self-mutilation, suicide, and violence are becoming infantilization, which has a growing negative impact on teenagers. Through literature review, the main arguments of this paper are 1) the social influences caused by the lack of death education’ 2) the process of developing public awareness of death from 1928 until the present, and 3) the discussion on the first-hand data from the primary questionnaire. Therefore, this paper investigates in-depth domestic death education in China, aiming to find the correlation between whether people have received death education before and their awareness of death.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230056

    Research on the Psychological Defects of Primary and Middle School Students in Rural Areas

    In recent years, China has experienced rapid economic development, but the problem of the uneven distribution of educational resources between urban and rural areas has also emerged. This problem has caused the educational gap and cognitive ability gap between rural children and urban children to gradually become larger, and rural children may even develop psychological problems such as low self-esteem and anxiety. Therefore, the focus of this paper is to study the psychological deficiencies of rural primary and secondary school students due to the unequal distribution of educational resources and the lack of family education. Through literature reading and analysis, this paper draws the following conclusions: the inequality of educational resources and the lack of family education can easily lead to psychological disorders such as low self-esteem, anxiety, and withdrawn personalities in rural primary and secondary school students.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230059

    On the Necessity of the Application of China’s Constitution in Civil Trials

    Promoting the application of China’s Constitution is not only an important part of governing the country in accordance with the Constitution, but also a way to solve the problem of “difficult to invoke” in civil trials. Any law in a country is the embodiment of its constitution. In civil trials, there are inevitably cases involving infringement of citizens’ fundamental rights. When specific laws and regulations are hard or cannot be used as the basis for invoking, by solving the problem of “difficult to invoke” by the court through reasonable constitutional application, we can give consideration to the protection of citizens’ fundamental rights and civil rights in civil trials and promote the development of the rule of law.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-09-14 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/8/20230063

    Deteriorating Internal Orientalism: The Murder of Real Chinese Image

    Orientalism, which refers to western people depict Asian people in the way that is completely opposite to them, has troubled Asian American for a long period. Even though there is are and less study of Asian based on Orientalism in contemporary society, the depiction of Asian as “others” does not fully disappear. Apart from the possibility that the work based on Orientalism is still creating, the gradual deepening of internal orientalism is also a factor that cannot be ignored. This paper is mainly focusing on how does Chinese media, local tourism accelerates the internal orientalism, which refers to the phenomenon that the spreading of any form of work or idea that destroys the diversity of Chinese. And how does this internal orientalism negatively affect the spreading of real Chinese image, culture and value. Through determining the existence of this phenomenon, this paper can play the role in stopping the spread of any forms of works that present the possibility to deepen western people’s misunderstanding of real Chinese image, which enables the authentic Chinese culture and value to be spread into foreign countries, and Chinese American will derive the cultural recognition and deserved attention from other Americans with different origins or races.

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