Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Humanities and Communication Studies
Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University
Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia
The internationalization of education within China’s new development concept involves a complex journey that combines tradition, innovation, and global involvement. This paper explores the connotation and direction of China’s education, shedding light on its development path driven by sustainability, fairness, and creativity. Education internationalization serves as a tool to enhance soft power and global influence by promoting student exchanges, academic partnerships, and cultural interactions. In recent years, there has been a shift in focus and effort in China’s endeavors resulting in a significant increase in the enrollment of foreign students. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted travel and study plans, highlighting the changing nature of this field. Guided by the principles of the new development concept, the approach to international education aligns with human-centered development values. It aims to develop individuals who can navigate an interconnected world while promoting cross-cultural collaboration beyond borders. Incorporating both domestic and international content into curricula enhances sensitivity while expanding students’ global perspectives. At the same time, ensuring access to educational resources and strengthening international partnerships contribute to comprehensive educational experiences for all. Also, overcoming challenges such as disparities and biases in educational content further emphasizes the need for a comprehensive strategy. Hence, China’s endeavor towards internationalizing education creates a fabric of interconnections and shared progress. Guided by the new development concept, the pursuit of education internationalization signifies a dedication to shaping a future that is more inclusive, interconnected, and sustainable on a global scale.
Despite the introduction of a new law on vocational education and the improvement of the vocational education system, there are still problems, such as low social acceptance of vocational education and social stereotypes of vocational education, which not only affect the implementation of vocational education policies but also the enrolment of vocational education and the employment of vocational education graduates. This paper analyses the causes of the phenomenon from the school, social, parent, and student levels. It puts forward the following suggestions to improve the phenomenon and enhance the public’s acceptance of vocational education: firstly, focus on the implementation of the policy in all aspects; secondly, improve the talent cultivation system; and thirdly, provide diversified employment opportunities to enhance the stereotypes. Through Dewey’s theory of vocational education and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, we start with students’ most basic psychological needs and then take measures to improve the social recognition of vocational education.
In the digital era, the internet has permeated every aspect of people’s lives, profoundly impacting family education. As society advances, the importance of family education for students becomes increasingly evident, drawing significant attention from academia and industry alike. However, there are still notable challenges in the development of family education within the online domain. This paper, based on the context of the Internet age, extensively explores relevant theories and categorizes the issues surrounding family education in the online domain in China into three main categories: conceptual issues, security concerns, and educational methodologies. Furthermore, specific measures are proposed to address each of these issues, such as fostering healthy family interactions, supervising and guiding internet usage, and promoting digital literacy education. These measures aim to assist families in better addressing these challenges and creating a healthy, balanced family education environment. Through an in-depth examination of these issues and strategies, to gain a better understanding of how to cultivate a healthy, happy, and potential-driven next generation in the digital age.
In a world increasingly characterized by interconnectedness and cultural exchange, globalized education has become a central focus. This study delves into the crucial roles schools, students, and families play in fostering and promoting cultural diversity. The process model of intercultural competence emphasizes the significance of respect and openness to each other, underscoring the need for active engagement and understanding beyond superficial recognition. Schools should prioritize providing resources and training for educators to effectively teach with cultural response teaching, while students can enhance their intercultural competence by participating in cultural diversity-focused activities. Thus creating an environment where differences are not just acknowledged but celebrated. Moreover, families also play an indispensable role in emphasizing the importance of cultural diversity, as supporting the values of different backgrounds. Through this interplay between institutions, learners, and families, this paper aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the trajectory of educational cultural diversity in the context of globalized education.
In light of China’s ongoing economic expansion, the problem of educational inequality in China is becoming more and more worrisome. Through the method of literature analysis, this paper analyzes the main existing problems and their causes from four aspects. The common problems raised by previous researchers find that the unequal development of urban and rural development seriously inhibits the development of educational equity, which further leads to regional educational inequality and the low education rate caused by backward thinking in urban and rural locations. From the four aspects, the issue with household registration is to blame for the growing divide between rural and urban development and the uneven distribution of resources has led to too many kinds of educational resources. In economically developed areas, the natural geographical environment has also restricted the development of some areas, resulting in a worrying educational environment. Rural women’s rights and interests are still unable to be protected and even difficult to receive education. Therefore, in the end, this paper also puts forward the corresponding solutions to these problems and the expectations for future development.
Both the use of social media and the fear of missing out are closely connected in daily lives, and this phenomenon has attracted attention. Through literature retrieval and analysis, the phenomenon and effects of Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) on social media will be explained in this study. The effects are separated into direct effects and indirect effects. The results show that mental health (anxiety, depression) and emotions (boredom, loneliness, and feelings of pressure/fear of exclusion) are affected directly, whereas perception (self-esteem, rumination, and mindful attention) and lifestyle (daily life, working, and learning) are affected indirectly. The results show that there is a higher likelihood that someone's mental health, emotions, and way of life may suffer as a result of having a higher level of FoMO. However, a special case of emotion, boredom, can be both positively and negatively influenced. After that, the possible courses of action will be listed, in terms of helping people who suffer from FoMO.
The rise and thriving of the anchor industry introduced the concept of “influencers” to society. As the main group of people engaging in the online world, students in high school have become the main audience of the influencers. However, with this industry developing rapidly, different voices appeared, criticizing the negative impacts of the influencers on teenagers, causing conflicts or even family tension. Hence, this essay focuses on the question of what are the effects of influencers on high school students. This problem is related to the underlying reason for this argument, as most parents take the impacts as extremely negative. From previous essays, it can be seen that influencers are promoting consumers in purchasing, while more data focusing on teenagers themselves should be done. In the research, thirty-two teenagers studying in high schools were interviewed. Through analyzing the data, the result is influencers do have impressive impacts on high school teenagers, however, most of these impacts are positive and encouraging.
Second language learners encounter particular difficulties as a result of the impact of technological advancement and globalization, which has always been a matter of concern with regard to second language acquisition. Due to these challenges, second language learners should raise their own proficiency and adaptability to provide learning guidance for future employment. This paper reviews the findings of learning styles and learning motivation in the field of second language acquisition. Learning styles have different effect on English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners and learning motivation also influence their behaviors from extrinsic to intrinsic goals. Studies suggest that different learning styles perform well in different aspects of language studying. Intrinsic learners perform better than extrinsic learners. Within more learning styles, EFL students act more motivated in language learning and generally perform well in their academic achievement. Drawing from previous studies, the author proposes EFL learners should find their preferred learning styles and try their best to transfer their extrinsic goals to intrinsic goals in foreign language learning.
More academics are concentrating on the topic of mobile-assisted language learning (MALL) on account of the advancement of mobile technology and the widespread use of mobile electronics in modern culture, and mobile-assisted vocabulary learning (MAVL) as a hot topic in MALL has attracted a large number of scholars. The study reviews some representative literatures during 2010-2023, including the impact of using mobile Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Message Service (MMS) on Second Language (L2) word learning and the effectiveness of using mobile learning applications. Moreover, this study analyses the research methods used by previous researchers and summarises the results of the studies, finding that most of the experiments focused on vocabulary enhancement and retention, the effect on motivation, and learners’ perceptions and satisfaction. The results of many studies show that MAVL as a learning approach is better than the traditional vocabulary learning approach. Also, researches on MAVL has many pedagogical impacts on teaching of second and foreign languages in the future. However, researches have also shown that MAVL has some drawbacks that will hopefully be addressed in the future.
Cooperative learning (CL) has long been a popular teaching method. In the 1970s, the American educator David Koonts first put forward its concept and tried to put it into practice, after which research in this area has remained active in various countries until today. This paper intends to review several specific cooperative learning activities used in middle school English reading classes and to summarize possible ways of optimizing the cooperative learning method for English reading teaching. Three effective examples of CL activities, including reading circle, Jigsaw Reading, and picture tour, are the main focuses. Cooperative learning will be discussed as a whole, and why it is important in English reading class will be clarified. By reviewing the relevant literature, this paper attempts to analyze research on the three examples from their advantages to their effects on class and students, and also points out some limitations and suggestions indicated in these studies. It will come to an overall conclusion at the end of this paper.
Lawsuits challenging affirmative action admission policies in higher education have been frequently filed in the United States. Cases such as Regents of the University of California v. Bakke aimed to determine the compelling interests for universities to continue using racial factors in their admissions processes. As a result, admission policies have faced increasingly strict judicial scrutiny. A recent case, Students for Fair Admissions v. President and Fellows of Harvard College, indicates that the Supreme Court has intervened and further investigated universities’ discretion in admitting students. The majority opinion in this case concluded that Harvard employed race in a negative manner, perpetuating stereotypes through racial factors. By discriminating against Asian American applicants, Harvard’s admissions program violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. While some criticisms may be unfounded, this case has prompted universities to reform their admission policies to ensure that their educational interests are strong enough to withstand strict scrutiny. Taking a wider perspective, individuals from minority groups often encounter different life circumstances influenced by cultural factors. Therefore, analyzing these cultural factors is equally important. In this specific case, the complex relationships within the plaintiff organization, Students for Fair Admissions (SSFA), revealed mixed motives. Affirmative action has successfully addressed the needs of minority groups and prevented further widening of the gap between the privileged and disadvantaged. Consequently, reforms of affirmative action admission policies in universities are expected.
Postpartum Depression (PPD) has a globally effect on an extensive number of women, it is hard to prevent or diagnosis the PPD due to its multifactor. From a web-based approach, this study investigates social media’s impacting elements and mechanisms for PPD. Self-comparisons with the social dynamics of other people’s social media postings are one of the causes that are more likely to cause women to have low self-esteem, which can exacerbate or trigger depressive symptoms. This paper also discusses the low reliability of the existing digital mobile mental health care application and its potential effect on PPD. Overall, even if social media can offer psychosocial support for women, it is important to be aware of the influence of self-comparisons to prevent harming women’s sense of self-worth and acceptance. Future research should continue investigate more aspects of the factors affecting PPD, thus, increase the possibility of preventing and diagnosing PPD.
Given the COVID-19 pandemic that has caused the regular in-person Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy to be disrupted, there is a growing interest among researchers in investigating the application of telehealth ABA therapy to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This review will summarize the previous studies during the COVID-19 period on telehealth ABA therapy especially for children with ASD. Nine studies were identified and three telehealth ABA models arose in these studies: the direct delivery model, the caregiver-support model, and the caregiver-training model. All of these nine studies indicated that telehealth ABA therapy was effective and efficient during the COVID-19 period, as all child participants with ASD in these studies showed statistically significant improvements in target developmental domains. This article also included two international models of ABA therapy during the COVID-19 period, with one in Italy and the other one in India. These two international studies demonstrated that telehealth ABA models can be culturally adaptative, and further proved the effectiveness of telehealth ABA therapy. Considering the limitations of current telehealth ABA therapy models, more future research is needed to solidify the research basis of telehealth ABA therapy and to determine the full potential of applying telehealth ABA therapy to children with ASD in the post-pandemic era.
Digital game-based learning tends to pedagogy and linguistic fields. Massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) contain beneficial strategies for EFL, and speech acts in MMORPGs refer to representative acts and assertive utterances. Although current research is too narrow and limited to confirm MMORPGs’ practical value and educational strategy, other experimental studies indicate that digital game-based learning with multiple players has the potential on learning improve linguistic knowledge and communication competence. This study sums up relevant research about MMORPGs and digital game contexts to analyze their functions in language learning and social ability. Some discussions show that digital games for educational purposes provide diverse immersive English contexts, motivations, and sufficient practice opportunities for EFL learners. However, several studies also argue that young learners may be addicted to online games but not for complete learning. Thus, there shall be continuous experimental research and generative literature reviews to prove the utility of digital game-based learning for future studies. It is also expected that digital game-based learning will become one of the most useful education tools to promote language proficiency and strengthen EFL language skills and socialization.
With the increasing influence of China in the world, the grammatical mistakes made by Chinese students in English writing have attracted wide attentions. This research aims at a comprehensive review of some of the most common grammatical errors in Chinese students’ writing. The main focus is on errors in sentence structure and tense. This study shows that these errors have a strong impact on the clarity and effectiveness of Chinese students’ writing. To some extent, this may lead to misunderstanding or ambiguity. However, educators can help Chinese students overcome these difficulties. This research mainly relies on appropriate teaching methods, explanations and appropriate exercises to attract Chinese students’ attention to these problems and allow them to practice repeatedly so as to avoid these mistakes in English writing, which can greatly improve their future English writing level. Thus, the overall English writing ability of Chinese students can be improved to some extent.
This analysis deeply explores the interplay of CGI technology, artificial cinematic worlds, and the Anthropocene in disaster films from China and the United States. It highlights CGI’s role in filmmaking’s evolution and its vital contribution to crafting visually immersive artificial realms. Avatar and The Wandering Earth serve as prime examples, demonstrating how CGI aids in world-building and narrative progression. Within the Anthropocene context, marked by human-induced Earth changes, this analysis examines how these films tackle environmental themes. It investigates the stark contrast between idealized cinematic worlds and real-world environmental challenges, emphasizing the tension between escapism and addressing urgent environmental realities. Moreover, this study scrutinizes technology’s dual role within these films, both as a narrative solution and ethical dilemma. It questions whether CGI in these narratives offers escape or reflects an aspiration to confront environmental dilemmas using technology. The analysis also acknowledges cultural nuances influencing CGI and Anthropocene portrayals in Chinese and American cinema. Societal and cultural factors shape the depiction of technology and environmental issues in these films. In conclusion, this exploration offers insights into CGI, artificial worlds, and the Anthropocene in disaster cinema. It illuminates their potential to shape public perceptions of environmental challenges and technological solutions, emphasizing the cinematic medium’s capacity to engage with real-world environmental issues.
Since the emergence of the Google Shopping case, a whole new type of abuse of market dominance has entered the public eye. In an Internet oligopoly, it uses its own company’s product advantages in terms of algorithms, data, etc., to limit the competitiveness of its competitors. It is similar to traditional abuses of market dominance, such as tying and refusal to supply. However, it only partially meets all the behavioural elements of traditional monopolistic behaviour. Its widespread use by start-ups to support and protect their growth is not prohibited by law. However, when Internet oligopolies use it to support their products, it creates a monopoly that restricts competition like other abuses of market dominance. There is no clear and uniform definition of this type of behaviour, and the forms of behaviour are often varied, which may lead to abuse of the offence if they are arbitrarily criminalised. Therefore, “self-referral” conduct that can be criminalised should be strictly limited. This type of behaviour is widespread in the Internet sector, which is why countries have introduced laws such as the Digital Marketplace Act and the American Innovation and Online Choices Act to regulate such behaviour. Ultimately, however, the impact of the behaviour on the competitive environment of a typical market and the interests of consumers must be examined from the perspectives of both competitors and consumers to determine whether “self-referral” behaviour is in breach of Article 102 of the TFEU.
As generative artificial intelligence continues to advance, providing an ever-expanding range of functions and applications for humanity, it has given rise to novel forms of torts, with the potential for more to emerge in the near future. Resolving issues of liability hinges on the identification of the responsible party. However, neither Chinese legislation nor academic views have specified rules or a clear and consistent opinion on the liability attribution issue. This paper aims to address this question. Commencing with the premise that artificial intelligence inherently lacks legal personality, this paper systematically examines all relevant subjects who could potentially bear liability for copyright infringement. The legal foundations for each entity’s liability are thoroughly analysed. Meanwhile, this article elucidates the principles of attribution of liability, drawing from established theories of traditional tort law and jurisprudential principles while taking into account the special characteristics of copyright infringement and artificial intelligence. In conclusion, in the absence of a clear consensus on determining the liable party, the principle of “correspondence between risks, benefits and responsibilities” should guide the attribution of liability for copyright infringement involving generative artificial intelligence. This approach will ensure an equitable distribution of losses, responsible burden-sharing, and comprehensive protection of rights.
Amid the rise of the post-Fordist economy in China, the educated younger generation grapples with issues of overeducation and underemployment. This has led to profound shifts in societal dynamics, prompting individuals to employ various coping mechanisms, thus fostering unique subjectivities within various diverse self-help communities. One of them is FIRE movement which promotes financial independence and early retirement. But there remains a gap in academic knowledge with respect to the impact of social class and structures on the practices of FIRE principles in the context of Chinese society. Based on a critical discourse analysis of online content from both middle-class and working-class communities on a Chinese social media, Douban, the study asks how individuals from different social strata differ in their practices of FIRE principles. It is found that middle-class and working-class FIRE advocates differ in their withdrawal from the labor market, financial literacy, and risk tolerance, which mirror the formation of divergent subjectivities as individuals navigate the evolving economic landscape.
Gender studies in video games, especially in the context of massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs), offer a critical perspective on the representation, experience, and perception of gender within the virtual realm of games, thereby contributing to discussions and insights into more inclusive and equitable gaming environments. In this paper, the author provides an overview of the latest developments in gender studies in games, particularly in the framework of massive multiplayer online RPGs, identify new areas of academic interest, and identify the issues and unexplored realms that have yet to be addressed in existing research, in order to serve as a point of reference for future gender-related topics that can be investigated in gaming.