Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries

    Conference Date







    978-1-83558-051-6 (Print)

    978-1-83558-052-3 (Online)

    Published Date



    Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia

    Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University


  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230838

    The Influence of Family Factors on Middle School Students' Academic Achievements

    Under the current Chinese education system, academic performance is still a hot issue that is widely concerned by people. Academic performance reflects students' learning outcomes, which not only affects students' future development, but also reflects the quality of school education. Therefore, in-depth exploration and analysis of the reasons for differences in academic performance remains of practical significance. Middle school students are in their adolescence. Adolescents are a critical period of personal growth, and their academic performance is easily affected by a combination of factors. Family education plays a critical role in adolescent academic achievement. Based on the CEPS baseline survey data from the China Education Tracking Survey, this paper analyzes the basic situation of the family environment of adolescents, and explores the effect of various family factors on students' academic achievement through correlation analysis. Finally, based on the analysis of the above research results, we found that family relationships, parental education, and parental involvement are positively related to students' academic performance, and proposed relevant suggestions for improving junior high school students' academic performance.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230840

    The Impact of Virtual Reality on Online Education

    Virtual reality technology was proposed and developed by Mr. Jaron Lanier, founder of VPL in the United States, in 1984, which is the first popular virtual reality device in the world. However, due to equipment, functions, etc., the technology has been in a slow development stage. Especially when the epidemic breaks out, many students were forced to study online at home, at which time, software such as classic Zoom burst out one after another, but students are isolated from each other and only face a computer when they have classes at home. Therefore, students cannot timely communicate with teachers about their doubts in the class, at the same time, teachers cannot get feedback from students in time. For this reason, this paper makes a specific analysis of the impact of virtual reality technology, on online education through using eye tracking technology to judge whether the virtual reality classroom is conducive to students' learning by comparing students' concentration and immersion. This study finds that there are still some shortcomings in virtual reality education, and it is not feasible to completely replace offline education. However, as an auxiliary tool for reality education, it is currently the main development direction. The significance of this study lies in discovering the advantages and disadvantages of current virtual reality education and providing direction for the development of virtual reality education in the future.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230842

    Aging Alleviation Through Increasing Fertility and Migration

    Population aging is a global problem. This article will research the problem of population aging in China. How to alleviate the aging problem from two aspects, the first aspect is to improve the fertility rate, and the second is from the immigration analysis. The fertility problem is mainly alleviated by improving women’s happiness and reducing the pressure. The immigration problem should mainly consider the elderly’s understanding and acceptance of overseas pensions, the expected overseas pension, etc. It’s can help us to better understand the needs of the elderly and actively build pension services overseas. It should be noted that the problem of the aging population is already a problem of globalization, so immigration cannot fundamentally solve the problem but play a mitigation role. Therefore, the strategy to solve the problem of population aging should focus on increasing the fertility rate. This article will mainly discuss the causes and solutions of the low fertility rate from the perspective of women’s happiness.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230844

    The Influence of China’s Political Policy on Population Aging

    In recent years, the number and proportion of the elderly population in China has been rising, and it is facing a serious trend of population aging. This paper focuses on the negative impact of China’s relevant policies on population aging and birth rate. Through literature analysis and data survey, this paper finds that the implementation of China’s family planning policy has to some extent suppressed the growth of the population, but also exacerbated issues such as population aging, labor shortage, and caused a decline in the fertility rate. To address this issue, the government needs to take more active and effective measures, including the increasing social security investment, encouraging fertility, and strengthening elderly welfare, to ensure the quality of life of the elderly population and sustainable economic development.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230845

    Analysis on the Success of the Oriental Selection Platform

    Under the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic and the introduction of a guideline by Chinese authorities to ease the burdens of excessive homework and off-campus tutoring for students undergoing compulsory education, New Oriental, a famous education institution in the tutoring sector in China, has faced many challenges. In this context, New Oriental launched an online platform named Oriental Selection for live streaming marketing and obtained great success. In this paper, the author introduces the background information of the Oriental Selection platform and discusses the reasons for the platform’s success. Conclusions can be drawn that Oriental Selection’s operation mode combining business promotion and knowledge delivery makes the platform stand out among other live streaming marketing platforms. Moreover, the professional and well-educated live streamers on the platform also lead to its success and popularity among the public.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230846

    Antisocial Personality Disorder: Labeling and Stigmatization from the Perspectives of Society, Judiciary, and Clinical Practices

    This paper provides a comprehensive overview of recent research concerning the impact of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) labeling and stigmatization within different environments. Mixed findings were found in all three environmental settings, revealing that an ASPD diagnosis (or a psychopathy label particularly in forensic settings) could result in either positive or negative outcomes. In social settings: inconsistent public responses to ASPD population were found which might suggest a situational effect in regard to ASPD symptoms, and further studies should be conducted on the subject matter. In addition, media portrayals of the ASPD population mistakenly confused ASPD individuals with psychopaths. It would then be important to study to what extent mass media contributed to ASPD stigmatization, in which fear as one contributing component was discussed. In forensic settings: findings supported the presence of ASPD stigmatization. However, considering the ambiguous boundary between ASPD and psychopath within the judicial system, more studies would be needed to investigate whether two labels triggered different levels of stigma and prejudice so as to ensure fairness and justice. In medical settings: there were mental health professionals advocating for replacing stigmatizing labels with less pejorative terms, yet other practitioners reinforced ASPD labeling and stigmatization through refusing treatment delivery that further led to discrimination and discouragement of the ASPD population. Future studies should focus more on finding better guidelines and modifications for the practical field in order to destigmatize or avoid labeling when treating ASPD populations.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230847

    An Overview of Schizotypal Personality Disorder: Etiology Treatment

    The article summarizes and analyzes some of the previous studies on schizotypal personality disorder to explain the etiology, genetic aspect such as Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT which is situated on chromosome 22q11) and calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 C (CACNA1C rs1006737); environmental aspect such as risky factors affecting an unnormal brain development like and psychological trauma, and chronic stress, and the treatment (Metacognitive treatment; Rumination‑Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy; Medication treatment) of schizotypal personality disorder are also discussed. Both methods, Metacognitive treatment, and Rumination‑Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, in their respective cases, improved symptoms in schizotypal personality disorder patients. However, although research on medication treatment shows that although some medicines, like Risperidone and Haloperidol, can also improve schizotypal personality disorder symptoms, they are also accompanied by the side effects. Moreover, the analysis shows that the present research on managing schizotypal personality disorder encounters issues such as insufficient sample size and absence of repeated experiments. These results of prior studies still need further verification before they can be used in practice.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230848

    Causes and Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    Bipolar disorder is a psychological illness that is directly associated to suicide and is marked by episodes of manic or hypomanic periods and depressed. Suicidal conduct in people with bipolar illness has a highly complicated pathophysiological basis and closely related to psychosocial factors, genes, environment, etc. This article examines the influencing factors of physiology and psychology and the common psychotherapeutic approaches used to treat bipolar disorder, comprising psycho-educational interventions, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, and family therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy. The present urges people with bipolar disorder require psychosocial counseling in addition to pharmacological therapy. Several bipolar illness therapies have both advantages and disadvantages, which are currently debatable, and it is challenging to come to reliable conclusions from pertinent research. There is still a need for further future evidence-based medical research to support drug and psychotherapy treatments for bipolar disorder. Large sample studies in natural scenarios may be one of the future research directions.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230850

    Current Practical Progress and Dilemmas in the Study of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PPD) refers to a range of symptoms which are related to the menstrual cycle, which is not only accompanied by severe physical symptoms, but often by severe emotional symptoms as well. This can have a serious impact not only on the patient's daily life, but also on the social costs. To date, however, the etiology of this disorder is not well understood and there are not very accurate, objective diagnostic methods or universally applicable special treatment options. This article aims to summaries some of the research literature relating to the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of PPD, over the last approximately 15 years, with a view to providing some insight into future research on PDD. The etiology of PDD may be related to 5-HT, GABAergic dysregulation and abnormal response of GABAA receptors to allopregnanolone. PDD’s diagnosis relies primarily on a number of scale assessments and information from medical history and physical examination. Common first and second line treatment options are antidepressants and oral contraceptives (OCs) respectively. Symptoms of PDD can also be reduced with some psychosocial treatment.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230851

    Etiological Imaging, Diagnosis and Treatment of Antisocial Personality Disorder

    This paper first summarizes the definition of antisocial personality disorder (APD), and then explains the influence of antisocial personality on the patients themselves and the society as well as the etiological diagnosis and treatment methods. Finally, some suggestions for future research and intervention are given. The etiology and influence of antisocial personality disorder are first introduced. The present study found that various factors such as childhood experiences and structural brain abnormalities, could contribute to symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (APD). Secondly, the diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder is introduced, which is based on the common scale test and the patient's actual symptoms and life experiences. Then it introduces the common treatment methods of antisocial personality disorder from the perspective of neurology and psychology. Finally, some suggestions are put forward to provide directions for future research. To sum up, through a systematic review of the previous literatures and analyzing, this paper aims to increase the understanding of APD and provide evidence-based recommendations for optimizing the treatment and intervention of APD.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230852

    Borderline Personality Disorder: Pertinent Review of Etiology, Impact, and Comparison of Treatments

    Between 1% and 3% of the population suffers with borderline personality disorder (BPD), and those who have it are more likely to take their own lives or injure themselves. Moreover, violence exists among families and interpersonal relationships involved by BPD patients, which massively affects people around them. Using PsychInfo and Google Scholar, this article reviews the research on BPD in the general population that was published between the years 2000 and 2023 in scholarly publications. The complex biopsychosocial factors that add to the occurrence of BPD in the general population and discusses evidence-based treatment options for managing symptoms are highlighted. Different treatments are suitable for different ages and gender groups and also target different symptoms. Additionally, the review offers recommendations for effective online treatment during the pandemic era. Psychiatrists can use this report to gain insights on improving their therapies, while the general population can benefit from a general review of BPD and possible family support with patients.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230853

    The Antecedent Mechanism Affecting College Students’ Happiness

    As a new word, happiness has been in people’s eyes for a long time. Many people, especially college students nowadays, are more or less troubled by happiness and attach great importance to happiness. This paper focuses on finding out the antecedent mechanism that affects the happiness of contemporary college students, exploring the reasons and analysing its influence. This is a simple thing. This paper has done a lot of surveys and consulted a lot of data. The purpose is to discover the reasons affecting college students’ happiness and let them know their expectations of happiness. The results showed that several factors influenced college students’ happiness. These factors include academic anxiety, employment patterns, social support, and thinking patterns. Based on the research results, this paper puts forward several practical meanings to promote college students’ happiness. For example, universities can develop and implement programs that promote social support and improve students’ coping skills. College students should look at these factors that affect their happiness and take corresponding measures to improve their happiness.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230858

    The Chinese Aging Society and Wisdom Pension in the Digital Age

    With the rapid development of digitalization, the elderly is facing increasing difficulties in keeping up with the pace of the digital era. In this paper, the concepts of aging, aging population, and aging society are analyzed, along with their impacts on economy, society, culture, and technology. The big changes that need to be made in an aging society about wisdom pension are also discussed. As China has the largest elderly population in the world, it is necessary to study the aging society and develop solutions to ensure the health and well-being of the elderly population. This paper also points out the shortcomings of China’s research in the field of Smart Senior Care, indicating that the research themes are relatively single, the research perspective is too generalized, and insufficient attention has been paid to differences in living standards among the elderly. This paper suggests that more attention should be paid to the spiritual needs of the elderly, and more targeted countermeasures should be proposed to address different practical problems in different regions.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230860

    Special Education for Developmentally Disordered Children

    Recently, many new methods have been proposed, analyzed, and tested for special education. This article selected and summarized some journals on this topic to provide a general view. This article summarizes the recent studies on developmental disorders in children and their causes and primary education accessible to these special children, including educational drama based on illustration books, Ceritasosial, music, Lego play and drawing. In this article, the former researchers’ experiments and their results are summarized to provide a more comprehensive view of the newly developed interventions in special education. Children in these experiments are selected based on the fact that they are already officially diagnosed. The article aims to show the importance and effectiveness of education for unique children’s recovery and psychological development and their current educational condition. The article also provides an overview of the innovative methods used in special education and their effectiveness. All the data used in the article comes from previous studies on related research topics and fields.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230861

    Chinese Online Audience’s Aesthetics Change on Female Characters in Media Products from 2018 to 2023

    As time developed, online media also developed rapidly. Nowadays, online media had become the majority of media for the audience. As the outbreak in 2019, the closure policy was released. The closure policy severely restricted people’s access to public areas, including a large number of cinemas and offline multimedia venues. As a result, people had to increase their online media use to fill the gap in offline media entertainment, which gave online media a huge boost. The article shows the research on how Chinese online audience aesthetics on female characters in media products changed from 2018 to 2023, adopting participant observation methods for observation samples and content analysis methods for discussing observation results. The observation reflects that independent and powerful female images are more required by the audiences and more attention by the producers. In addition, this kind of change exist limitations. According to the analysis, the progress in women’s social position, the outbreak, the closure policy, and the progress in thought and the historical legacy make up the macro factor of the change. In addition, online feminist activity, the audience’s internal influence and the commercial effects also be related that have an impact on the change.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230863

    The Facilitating Role of Healthy Habits for Perceived Control in Learning

    While many studies have explored the relationship between health behaviors and various factors such as attitudes, beliefs, and social support, fewer studies have specifically focused on perceived control as an interaction effect that affects the adoption and maintenance of healthy habits. For instance, those who perceive control as having a high degree are more likely to make healthier choices, while those with low levels of perceived control may struggle to initiate or maintain healthy habits. This paper aims to find out the association between healthy habits and perceived control in learning. It suggests that perceived control can significantly impact individuals’ motivation and ability to engage in healthy behaviors. There is a strong connection between a person’s life and his or her perceived control, which could affect their study performance. Perceived control has significant implications for student learning and achievement, including motivation, self-efficacy, coping with stress and autonomy. In the discussion section, this paper would give some suggestions to students, schools, and institutions to improve the ability of learning and long-term health outcomes.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230864

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Connotation, Influencing Factors, Treatment and Prevention

    This paper provides an overview of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in terms of its causes, prevention and treatment. In the literature review section, the definition and types of ADHD are firstly presented, namely Hyperactive, Inattentive and Combined. Naturally, the environmental and personal causes of ADHD are presented as well as some of the adverse effects on the sufferer and even on the offspring of the sufferer, and it is found that the most significant factor is the parental environment, so it is inferred that in the treatment of ADHD as well as in the prevention of ADHD, some guidance can be given to parents to intervene in the development of ADHD through them to avoid lifelong effects on the sufferer. Some preventive measures and specific approaches to treatment are then discussed. Finally, some suggestions are made for future treatment and follow-up research on ADHD. Overall, reading this article will provide a comprehensive understanding of ADHD, especially its causes, a detailed understanding of the causes for better treatment interventions, and an insight into the effects of ADHD on people.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230865

    New Methodology of Brain Computer Interface for Rehabilitation of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

    This article reviews past papers about obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), brain-computer interface (BCI) and experimental design guidelines, then proposes a new methodology for implementing BCI as a treatment for BCI patients and predicts possible results for this method. OCD is a neuropsychiatric disorder that leads patients to perform certain compulsions that relieve their feeling of impending doom. Other symptoms include intrusive thoughts and doubts. A new methodology was proposed in this paper because the most common treatment is currently limited to medication and cognitive behavioral therapy. It is predicted that, with the methodology proposed in this paper, OCD patients will be able to have reduced symptoms and develop an increase in awareness of performing specific actions to alleviate symptoms. There are some limitations to this new methodology, as the experiment was not performed, and thus there were no actual results to back up the proposal. This method proposal is only a theoretical approach, and more research must be done before implementing BCI as a treatment for OCD.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230867

    The Influence of Stimuli Valence, Task Difficulty, Neuroticism and Emotion Regulation on Visual Search Within Real-world Scenes

    Affective traits are essential in clinical psychology, including neuroticism and emotion regulation (cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression). Both neuroticism and emotion regulation has been associated with the development of affective disorders, and emotion regulation therapies have been used in clinical treatment. Therefore, the current study of neuroticism and emotion regulation may provide a more effective intervention for people who suffer from affective disorders. In previous studies, real-world emotional scenarios have been demonstrated to affect visual search tasks. But whether affective traits will influence neutral target search in the real emotional world is still unknown. Although task difficulty, i.e., cognitive load, can affect visual search, it hasn’t been investigated as an independent variable. A neutral target visual search paradigm will be used in the present experiment. The experiment will be divided into manageable and challenging tasks in which participants will be asked to identify neutral targets embedded in moving images. Findings from the present experiment increase our understanding of neuroticism, cognitive reappraisal, expressive suppression, and task difficulty in our ability to distribute attention while viewing real-world scenes during the visual search task.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/13/20230869

    The Impacts of Over-protective and Supportive Parenting on Children’s Self-efficacy: An Empirical Analysis

    Children’s self-efficacy is an important topic that has been widely discussed in hopes of constantly increasing in developmental period of children. During this challenging developmental period, parenting styles and interactions play a vital role in influencing children’s self-efficacy. The objective of this study is to examine how supportive parenting and over-protective parentings predict adolescents’ self-efficacy respectively, along with the effect of gender and grade level. A survey was given to students in age 12-18, combining six-graders, middle school students, and high students. The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) served as a basis to evaluate the questionnaire’s results. The first hypothesis was that over-protective parenting will negatively predict children’s self-efficacy, and supportive parenting is a positive predictor of self-efficacy. The second hypothesis was that demographic variables such as gender and grade might moderate the above correlation, indicating that females and younger schoolers are more vulnerable to the effect of over-protective parenting style which results in lower self-efficacy. The hypotheses were not fully supported by the statistic. Results confirmed that both over-protective and supportive parenting are significant predictors of children’s self-efficacy while gender and grade level showed a slight difference.

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