Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the International Conference on Global Politics and Socio-Humanities

    Conference Date







    978-1-83558-243-5 (Print)

    978-1-83558-244-2 (Online)

    Published Date



    Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University

    Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia


  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230073

    Paying Attention to the Online Learning Environment: The Importance of a Low-noise Environment

    The learning environment has been recognized as an important factor affecting the quality of offline learning. The existing literature demonstrates that the learning environment also has an impact on online learning and it is more influential than most factors. Due to the flexibility of the learning environment, both the positive and negative effects on online learning are magnified compared to offline learning. Noise is a vital component of the learning environment. The research results of multiple scholars show that noise has adverse effects on learners' physiology and psychology, and the negative effects of noise on learning efficiency cannot be ignored. With regard to the impact of noise on online learning, noise can lower the quality of online learning by impairing the learner's reading ability, memory capacity and maths and literacy ability. Especially, the noise of the online learning environment is more uncontrollable than offline learning, which magnifies the negative impact of noise on learning efficiency. Finally, this paper makes recommendations for learners, teachers and schools respectively, like using noise-canceling headphones or earplugs and removing noise sources in advance.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230127

    Analysis of the Impact of Interpersonal Interactions on the Mental Health of Older People --Life Satisfaction as a Measure

    An essential indicator of the psychological well-being of older adults is their life satisfaction. This paper examines the effect of interpersonal interactions on the psychological well-being of older adults. Life satisfaction is used as a mediator. The following conclusions were drawn life satisfaction was significantly and positively related to psychological well-being, and interacting with children and social interactions were positively associated with older adults’ life satisfaction. Negative marital status, including being unmarried and widowed, is detrimental to older adults’ life satisfaction, while the effects of divorce and marriage are not statistically significant. Older adults’ life satisfaction was negatively associated with the frequency of internet use.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230478

    The Role of Information Teaching Ability of Directional Normal Students in Teaching Effectiveness: Based on the Research of Verification Model of Structural Equation Model

    Directed teacher education students, as the main group injecting human resources into rural basic education, play a crucial role in promoting the development of information technology in rural basic education. Based on a literature review, this study takes the enhancement of the information technology teaching efficacy of directed teacher education students in the northwest of Guangdong as the point of entry for problem-solving. The research focuses on directed teacher education students who graduated from local colleges in northwest Guangdong, collects 520 valid questionnaires, and conducts a structural equation model analysis using AMOS software to test research hypotheses. The results show that information technology literacy has the most significant positive impact on information technology teaching efficacy. Information technology instructional design ability, information technology management and implementation ability, and information technology assessment and diagnostic ability are all positively related. Teacher information technology teaching ability is a crucial factor in enhancing information technology teaching efficacy, and these factors are interconnected, forming a complete framework for information technology teaching ability. Based on data analysis and interview results, this study provides recommendations for improving information technology teaching efficacy from two aspects: self-improvement and external support.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230517

    Research on the System of Interpretation of the Basic Law of Hong Kong

    The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (PRC) is implemented within the framework of the law rule, which is closely related to the Basic Law interpretation mechanism. It is stipulated in the Basic Law that the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) has the authority of interpretation, and the Standing Committee of the NPC authorizes Hong Kong (HK) courts to have the power of interpretation when trying cases. Under the "One Country, Two Systems" policy, the common law goes on to be adopted in HK according to the Basic Law provisions. Therefore, that Law combines the background of the socialist law mechanism with Chinese features as well as the common law mechanism. The interaction and coordination between the two is an important issue in its implementation. This paper provides an overview of HK Basic Law interpretation system, and provides an overall review of the five interpretations of the National People's Congress Standing Committee since the construction of HK Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). It analyzes differences in legal interpretation rules between the two regions, and explores the connection and coordination between the two interpretation mechanisms of the NPC Standing Committee and HK courts.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230617

    Critical Analysis of the Correlation Between Sport Events and Environment

    The four levels of sport and environment interface: total control of environmental conditions, partial control, framed environmental conditions, and no control of the environment all influence the environment and condition of the sports that are played. As sports activities become more and more popular, more and more countries and organizations join sports activities. Sports activity is also increasingly harmful to the environment. Sports activities, for example, competition and training will all require a lot of traveling, which will heavily influence the environment. Therefore, in the long run, whether the event organizers should change the layout of the sports and how to arrange the sports games efficiently will become a question. The earth is already overwhelmed, the global climate is warming, and the Arctic glaciers are melting at an accelerated rate. Some countries have even been hit by typhoons. With the increasing occurrence of extreme weather, players and organizers have realized the importance of this issue and have started to take action during sports events. This research paper shows that the organizers have slowly changed the format of the competitions with more environmental concerns and protections. In this way, the government, organizers, and even players as well as the audiences start to contribute to the actions and solutions.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230616

    The Marketing Strategies of Disney

    This article explores why the future prospects of Disney Company are good. This paper analyzes this problem from various aspects, such as marketing strategy, SWOT, financial analysis, and Disney Company's products. The Disney Company has demonstrated a strong future in the ever-changing entertainment and media industry. With the successful launch of Disney+, Disney has taken a critical step in digital media and is actively involved in content creation, production, and global market expansion. The company's strategic mergers and acquisitions, such as the acquisition of 21st Century Fox Media and Lucasfilm, have not only expanded its content library but also enhanced its international market share. After the analysis of the strategies of the Disney company, the paper concluded several strengths and weaknesses of the strategies and gave some suggestions for the Disney company in the future. The suggestions are about the short term and the long term, which may be applied by the Disney company.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230615

    The Role of Empathy in Peer Relationships During Childhood and Adolescence

    Empathy holds pivotal significance in fostering favorable peer engagements throughout the phases of childhood and adolescence. Although there is a large body of literature that addresses this issue, studies undertaken with children and adolescents have shown inconclusive results about the correlation between empathy and peer relationships. Various measures of peer relationships (such as peer attachment, friendships, and peer acceptability) and empathy (including affective and cognitive empathy, perspective-taking, and Theory of Mind) all contributes to challenges in reaching definitive conclusions. Hence, the association between peer relationships and empathy in children and adolescents remains unclear. Current work seeks to (a) provide an overview of how empathy is commonly conceptualised and quantified in child development and adolescent research, and (b) address pressing difficulties with empathy research in both child development and adulthood. It indicates the distinct roles played by affective and cognitive empathy in different constructs of peer interactions and prosocial behaviours. Additionally, the relationship between empathy and various aspects of peer relationships shows variation between genders and by using different measurements. We conclude by offering suggestions for future research on (a) distinguishing different aspects of empathy; (b). providing a more comprehensive framework of empathy; (c). examining the mediating role of gender in association between empathy and peer relationships.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230632

    Research on the Legal Issues of Same-sex Marriage in China -- Taking the Revision of the Law in Taiwan as a Reference

    With the increase of the number of same-sex people in China, the legal issues related to same-sex marriage as an important part of the national legal framework have attracted much attention. The enactment and revision of the same-sex marriage law has far-reaching significance. By studying the revision process of Taiwan’s same-sex marriage law and the value game behind it, this paper deeply analyzes the current situation of same-sex marriage in China and puts forward some suggestions. Across the globe, more and more countries and territories have legalized same-sex marriage. Even in China, acceptance of homosexuality is rising sharply. In this paper, some problems of discrimination against homosexuals and how to solve them are also raised. The challenges facing same-sex marriage in China also point to a lack of legal support. Therefore, the protection of homosexual crimes should be strengthened, and social problems such as sexual orientation discrimination should be prohibited.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230646

    The Impact of Chinese Celebrity Endorsements on Chinese Consumers' Purchasing Intentions

    In recent years, with the continuous development of the commodity economy, various industries have begun to use the marketing strategy of celebrity endorsement. Idol worship has existed since ancient times, and the meaning of idols has also changed with the changes of the times. Idols have a positive role in providing people with imitation and spiritual power. Famous film and television actors, singers, and social celebrities have developed celebrity endorsements, covering all aspects of life. Major social media and our daily necessities all have celebrity endorsements and promotional information about celebrity endorsements shown on streets and alleys. In the economic era of brand competition, companies choose celebrity endorsements to create product profits. These are all based on the fact that most people have a specific interest and attention to celebrities and want to learn from and imitate the idols they admire in their hearts. This study starts from the perspective of consumers and studies the impact of celebrity endorsements on consumers' purchasing intentions and attitudes through reading relevant literature and combining it with a questionnaire survey. Consumers will choose whether to purchase the product based on the celebrity's own reputation, and most celebrities will also choose the products they endorse in order to improve their commercial value.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230663

    Embracing Nostalgia: The Irresistible Allure of Vintage Treasures Over Brand-New Alternatives

    The obsession with vintage treasures over modern alternatives has spurred interest in the ever-changing landscape of consumer tastes, leading to a request for more research. This trend, which is founded on the appeal of nostalgia, crosses generations and countries, pushing people to embrace relics from the past in the face of rapid technological progress. This research delves into the intricate relationship between consumer behavior and nostalgia, providing light on the seductive pull of old goods and their market significance. The study methodology entails a qualitative examination via a literature review, with the goal of bridging gaps in academic understanding. Nostalgia amplifies this allure by forging emotional links between people and objects from the past. Marketing makes powerful connections with customers by advertising vintage objects as portals to personal and collective memories. Successful techniques emphasize the passage of goods through generations, produce limited-edition collections and cooperate with celebrities. However, an ethical quandary arises when marketers use emotions for economic advantage. It is critical to strike a balance between authenticity and manipulation. The study identifies gaps in the literature, indicating the need for further investigation. Lastly, the ongoing attractiveness of nostalgia-driven vintage treasures demonstrates the inextricably linked relationship between emotion, memory, and consumer behavior.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230667

    The Efficacy of Dog-assisted Therapy in Enhancing the Treatment Outcomes for Children, Adults, and the Elderly

    In times there has been a growing interest, in Canine assisted Therapy and animal assisted therapy as complementary methods to effectively support individuals of age groups who are facing mental health challenges. The purpose of this review is to evaluate how effective Canine assisted Therapy is in improving treatment outcomes for health issues in children, adults, and older adults. It also aims to identify promising interventions from existing research and explore the benefits and future directions of these additional approaches. Several studies have emphasized the effectiveness of animal assisted therapy across age groups. In children Canine assisted Therapy has proven valuable not for those with autism spectrum disorders but for those dealing with anxiety and needing help with reading. Among adults this form of therapy has shown to reduce test anxiety regulate mood and play a significant role in managing conditions such as anxiety, depression, and traumatic stress disorders. For adult’s animal assisted therapy has shown potential in improving mood enhancing motivation, for therapy and promoting activity as a means of preventing and alleviating Alzheimer disease. Although these discoveries show potential it's crucial to recognize some limitations in the research. These limitations include factors such, as the number of participants involved the duration of the studies conducted and the voluntary nature of participants. It is necessary to conduct research to validate the effectiveness of animal assisted therapy and explore its wider range of applications.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230688

    Why Has Italy Struggled So Much to Grow Economically Since 1990?

    Italy is one of the world’s major economies, but it is also one of the most struggling major economies in terms of economic development. Especially after 1990, the Italian economy has faced a state of stagnation for a long time, and there has been no sign of improvement until now. The theme of this article is the reason for Italy’s economic struggle after 1990. Low exports, low domestic demand, and a manufacturing slump are the reasons that led to the Italian economic struggle. Low exports stemmed from joining the Eurozone and the capture of international markets by other countries. Low domestic demand was hit by the double blow of Eurozone accession and high unemployment caused by a closed labour market. And the dormancy of the manufacturing sector is related to the unemployment problem caused by the closed labour market and the lack of domestic demand. Insufficient exports, low aggregate demand, and a weak manufacturing sector are the three main reasons for the economy’s poor performance, which has led Italy to remain a struggling economy for more than 30 years.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230766

    Exploring the Root Causes of Inequality and Gender Issues in Current China Based on Existence Theory

    Much of gender inequality has its roots in differences between men and women in society. In addition to the difference in the sexual division of labour, the difference is rooted in the roles and relations constructed by society. Inspired by Chizuko Ueno’s writing, the author intends to explore the inequality and gender issues that could not be ignored. This article takes advantage of the existence theory, a new sociological theory, to explore the root causes of gender inequality in current China. This article also compares the existential milestones of men and women and uses contradictory milestones to explain gender inequality and inequality in different social classes. In addition, the article discusses why the common perception that taking care of families is women's natural responsibility exists in modern society. Finally, the article points out some legislation approaches to address gender inequality and compares the progress of feminist awareness in China and abroad, hoping to push the development of gender equality.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230783

    Standardization of the Application Rules for Presumption in Aiding Cybercrime - From the Perspective of 1345 Judgments

    The crime of aiding cybercriminal activities has shown an explosive growth trend in recent years, evolving to the risk of becoming a “pocket crime”. To address the existing challenges and issues with this crime, it is crucial to clarify the connotation and denotation of “knowingly” within the context of this crime and establish a set of relatively standardized and rational inference rules. Through a criminal law analysis of the term “knowingly”, judicial pathway reviews, and academic theory reflections, the term should be understood as “know” or “clearly know”. This interpretation aims to limit judicial scope and alleviate the pressure on the judicial system. The construction of a standardized set of inference rules for “knowingly” in the context of aiding cybercrime is both necessary and rational. Scholars, both domestic and international, have presented relevant theories, with the current trend favoring an objective-oriented approach complemented by subjective evaluation. After analyzing over a thousand case studies and combining related thoughts, the author proposes a “Weighted Scoring Rule” and offers several recommendations concerning the current judicial system’s institutional design.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230812

    Examining Parental Social Media Use and Educational Anxiety During Their Child’s Transition to Higher Education: An EPPM Analysis

    This study investigates the relationship between proactive social media engagement and parental anxiety during the academic transition period in contemporary China. Through the process of gathering questionnaire data and performing data analysis, this research investigates the manner in which actively participating in social media platforms has a positive impact on parental anxiety. This impact is observed through the mediation of two variables: risk perception and efficacy perception. The academic transition period, which involves important educational milestones such as entrance exams or university admissions, often creates significant stress and anxiety for both students and their parents in China. With the rapid growth and widespread use of social media in recent years, it is crucial to explore its potential impact on parental anxiety during this crucial phase. This study can provide a reference for the extension of EPPM to address issues related to social anxiety. Additionally, it can offer effective approaches to alleviate parental educational anxiety.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230819

    Exploring the Training Path of Music Teacher Education on Professionalism

    Music education is the unity of the practical activity of music and the practice of education, and has a dual character. In school music education, the practical activities of music have the characteristics of presentational and expressive; the practical activities of education have the characteristics of goal and normative. For a long time, due to the ambiguous understanding of the dual nature of music education practice, it has led to insufficient integration of the music and education disciplines, unclear pathways for music teacher education and training, and little effectiveness in teaching and learning. Therefore, it is necessary to follow the characteristics of their respective disciplines on the basis of finding a point of integration of the disciplines and realizing the integration and unification of the two, so as to improve the mechanism of music teacher education and training.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230831

    Analysis on the Psychological Counseling Path of Teenagers Weariness of Learning

    Young people are the future of the country, and their learning status has a direct bearing on the prosperity and development of the country. However, in recent years, the phenomenon of teenagers being tired of school is becoming more and more serious, which not only affects their studies, but also affects their physical and mental health. Therefore, it has become the common task of society and education to solve the psychological problem of teenagers' weariness in school. The purpose of this paper is to make an attribution analysis of their study weariness psychology, explore the related personal psychological and social factors that affect teenagers' study weariness, and establish targeted psychological prevention and intervention measures. The analysis and research on the problem of adolescents' weariness in school is helpful to understand the status of adolescents' mental health, and provide support for adolescents' mental health services, which is more conducive to the long-term development of social individuals' positive character.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230834

    AI Tutor: Solution for China’s Disadvantaged and Under-resourced Children

    This academic paper delves into the pressing issue of educational disparities in China, particularly focusing on the challenges faced by disadvantaged and under-resourced children, including both migrant and left-behind children. The paper underscores the socioeconomic and geographical complexities that exacerbate these disparities, emphasizing the need for innovative solutions. It then introduces the transformative potential of AI tutors, leveraging recent advancements in large language models (LLMs), to bridge the educational gap. The study highlights the significant impact of migration on children's access to education, with rural-to-urban migration patterns creating hurdles for migrant children to secure enrollment in urban schools. Additionally, it sheds light on the plight of left-behind children, who face emotional challenges and limited educational resources in rural settings. The paper introduces AI tutors, particularly ChatGPT-based Khanmigo, as innovative solutions that can offer personalized educational support, generate educational materials, assist teachers, and even evaluate student work. It discusses the advantages of these AI tutors, such as cost-effectiveness and accessibility, and their potential to democratize education. However, the paper also acknowledges the limitations of AI tutors, particularly in areas requiring creativity, critical thinking, and emotional intelligence. It raises concerns about exacerbating educational inequality if high-quality human educators become exclusive to the privileged, leaving disadvantaged children reliant on AI-based solutions.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230840

    Heidegger’s Theory on Anxiety and Death’s Significance in the Background of Suicide among the East Asian Adolescents

    As a philosopher who has had a significant influence on modernity, Heidegger's theories have been discussed by people from different periods and countries. However, this paper focuses on adolescents in East Asian countries and explores the significance of his views on anxiety and death for them. Given the cultural background of Confucianism and Taoism in East Asian countries, and taking into account the development of East Asian countries in the last half century, Heidegger's theories provide an explanation for the higher suicide rate among East Asian adolescents. They fall in the conformities that society invites them to obey, and reject with death a life with no alternative possibilities. At the same time, however, Heidegger's view has certain limitations and deficiencies in the present. Young people rebel against philosophies promoting uniformity and require a theory to navigate their particular complexities and dilemmas. Heidegger's philosophy can aid our comprehension of young people's current situation and requirements in East Asia.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-20 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/32/20230841

    Correlates of Adolescent Depression in 2021 in the United States

    The aim of this research paper is to explore the potential links between various factors (socioeconomic, empirical and contextual factors), as well as the likelihood of adolescents experiencing major depressive episodes according to datasets reported in the 2021 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). This paper uses secondary data analysis method, where some variables of interests are compared: demographics, school experiences, adult-involvements, peer-involvements, extracurricular, and incomes. The results shows that both contextual factors around adult and peer involvement played a significant role in this research process. In influencing adolescents experiencing major depressive emotions during their growth. During this period, the influence of adult figures become a main object in shaping adolescents’ emotional health. However, with the frequency of parental arguments, the results show an adverse association, which underscores how the role of family dynamics influence adolescent mental health. Meanwhile, in terms of peer behaviors and related peer pressures, individuals are shaped by their choices and perceptions which also affect mental health of these adolescence.

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