Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Interdisciplinary Humanities and Communication Studies

    Conference Date







    978-1-83558-177-3 (Print)

    978-1-83558-178-0 (Online)

    Published Date



    Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia

    Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University


  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231404

    Exploring the Direct Effect of Foreign Language Enjoyment on Expectancy-value Motivation and Indirect Effect on English Competence

    This study is to examine correlations between foreign language enjoyment (FLE), expectancy-value enjoyment, and English competence of Chinese university students. A questionnaire was used to collect information from 74 Chinese non-English major college students about their FLE, expectancy-value motivation, and their English competence. According to the findings, the mean FLE of Chinese university students is 5.491, showing moderate to high levels of FLE, and the teacher factor is the highest scoring dimension (the mean is 5.982). The teacher appreciation and social environment (the mean is 5.428) are more prominent than the personal enjoyment factor (the mean is 5.065). Besides, in the expectancy-value motivation dimension, achievement value and utility value are most prominent. As far as the relationship between FLE and expectancy-value motivation of Chinese university students is concerned, the results show a significant positive relationship between the two (except for cost value), thus indicating that FLE increases with motivation. Specifically, FLE has the most significant positive relationship with intrinsic value and expectancy beliefs. The Amos path analysis concludes that in the FLE dimension, personal enjoyment factors can indirectly affect students' English competence in addition to directly positively correlating with expectancy-value motivation, which highlights the important influence of personal factors on foreign language learning.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231746

    An Analysis of the Development Trend of Psychological Problems Reflected by Social Media During the Epidemic

    The outbreak and global spread of the novel coronavirus have brought huge impacts and changes to the lives and psychological states of all people. In particular, the young people in China are facing various challenges of psychological problems in this special period. The study aimed to explore the psychological problems reflected by Chinese adolescents on social media during the epidemic period and to analyze its development trend. By using relevant theories and methods of social psychology, collecting and analyzing a large amount of social media data, as well as combining questionnaires and interview surveys, this study attempts to deepen the understanding and attention of Chinese adolescents' mental health and put forward some innovative views and suggestions in this field.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231762

    Analysis of the Impact of the Vietnam War on American Society

    In the history of the Cold War, the series of issues raised by the Vietnam War are of great research value. The Vietnam War is also one of the most studied parts of the U.S.-Soviet Cold War. This paper takes the Vietnam War as the centerpiece of the study and delves into the process of the Vietnam War and its impact on American society and the rest of the world. This paper uses social background research and literature to analyze the causes of the Vietnam War and its significant impact on American society, through understanding the Vietnam War, studying the U.S.-Soviet Cold War behind the Vietnam War, and in-depth study of the Vietnam War's blow to the U.S. domestic society, through a series of research and analysis, this paper concludes that the Vietnam War was a product of the U.S.-Soviet struggle for supremacy and the ideological confrontation between the two superpowers, and its result was a victory for the Soviet Union.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231785

    Analysis of the Controversy of Housewife Image in Social Media Based on Case Description

    The housewife used to be a marginalized social role. But nowadays, with the advancement of technology and the development of social media, Many housewives choose to share their domestic life, making this role the focus of public opinion, and housewife videos have become a kind of landscape. At the same time, the consciousness of gender equality and female independence has been on the rise, and whether the image of housewives should be encouraged has aroused a lot of discussion. This paper uses the literature method and case analysis method to deeply analyze the videos and comments of housewife bloggers on social media. The study finds that the audience evaluates housewives with the attitude of rulers, among which whether to encourage women to become housewives was the biggest controversy, and there is even a "group imitation" of housewives. The conclusion is that the diversity of evaluation views is related to the historical development of China, and group imitation is a substitute practice. This phenomenon shows that housewives are recognized as a profession but lack respect and do not get rid of the patriarchal gaze. Housewives are recognized as a profession but lack respect and do not get rid of the patriarchal gaze.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231799

    Self-Presentation: A Video Study of People with Disabilities on Social Media

    Statistics show that there is one disabled person in every 17 people in China. Although in real life, people with disabilities are not evenly distributed in the same physical space as the able-bodied group, in the decentralized online society that eliminates the physical space separation, more and more people with disabilities are recording and sharing their lives and using self-media to present themselves. If the able-bodied group does not have the opportunity to contact and understand the life and inner world of the disabled group in real life, this distance is being bridged with the empowerment of individuals by social media. This paper attempts to focus on the online performances of disabled groups, and borrows Goffman’s self-presentation theory to study the images, ways and changes of disabled bloggers’ self-presentation with videos. Through the content analysis method, this paper paints a portrait of disabled bloggers and analyzes their narratives. Through in-depth interviews, it explores the inner thoughts and changes of disabled people in the process of self-presentation. Rethink what should be done to make the disabled group live a more dignified and happy life. It may also help the disabled groups clarify their complex psychological feelings in self-presentation and not let the collapse of the Internet context and the loss of control of public opinion affect their positive mindset.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231805

    A Casework Study of Emotional Support for Empty-nesters in Rural China ——An Example from an Underdeveloped Village in Hunan Province

    Population ageing poses an important challenge to China's social development and is a significant factor impeding social advancement. In recent years, the implementation of policies such as the rural Dibao project has improved the living conditions of rural empty-nesters. Due to the migration of many rural workers to urban areas, the traditional Chinese family model of old-age care has been weakened, resulting in a severe dearth of social support, particularly emotional support, for rural empty-nesters. Examining the emotional support of rural empty-nesters is essential for advancing rural old-age security, particularly geriatric social work. Based on the social support theory, this research employs the casework method in social work methodology, along with a questionnaire survey and semi-structured interviews. After investigating the emotional support situation of empty-nesters in Village S, Hunan Province, three representative rural empty-nesters were chosen as casework recipients and in-depth interviews were conducted regarding the status of their emotional support, the problems they faced, and their emotional needs. All three recipients lacked emotional support to varying degrees, according to the findings. This paper examines how the casework approach in social work can effectively improve the emotional support system and enhance the quality of life of empty-nesters in rural China by providing them with targeted services.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231807

    Main Factors, Consequences, and Improvements of School Bullying

    School bullying is a very common social problem that exists on campus nowadays, and many students have experienced it. By analyzing the consequences of school bullying, more people can be warned not to do so. Identifying the factors behind school bullying can allow people to come up with effective solutions and reduce the frequency of this type of violence in schools. There are many causes of school bullying, but they can all be classified into three broad categories, which are the differences of victims, inappropriate peer culture and lack of education in both schools and families. The unique qualities of victims make them targets for bullies, bad group culture can lead to the aggravation of this type of behavior, and a lack of education is the root cause of this type of behavior. Therefore, schools and governments should set rules and penalties for school bullying. In addition, families and schools also need to strengthen education in this regard and make them aware of the wrongness of such behavior. People need to work together to end bullying in schools and create a healthier learning environment for students.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231814

    Exploring the Motivation in Adolescents’ Running of We-Media and as Peer Audiences

    With the development of the Internet, various types of online we-media platforms have become the main channels for underage Internet users for their everyday entertainment and information acquisition. An increasing number of teenagers are choosing to operate their own social media accounts. While the Internet gives teenagers a broader and more diversified platform to display themselves, it also brings positive and negative impacts on their mental health. The study focuses on the exploration of the motivations, perceptions, influences, and gender differences of adolescents to operate we-media accounts and to be peer viewers of other adolescents' accounts in the context of a high internet penetration rate. The results show that teenagers' overall motivation for operating we-media accounts and being a peer audience is more for entertainment and obtaining information, and less for competing with their peers. The study further concluded that there are large gender differences in the effects of following peer media accounts on peer pressure. Questionnaires were used as well as reading of relevant literature to help gather information and data for the study and to make statistical and comparative analyses.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231821

    Exploring the Relationships Between Motivation and Anxiety of College Students’ English Language Learning

    Several earlier investigations addressed the connection between motivation and anxiety, but there are scant studies focusing on their relationship in English learning. This study examines how anxiety interacts with motivation in Chinese students’ learning English. Participants were 51 college students in Sichuan province in China. In this study, a questionnaire including an anxiety scale and a motivation scale was used to collect data, which was analyzed by SPSS. This research used descriptive statistic and correlation analysis. The three links between motivation, anxiety, and extrinsic and intrinsic motivation are the key conclusions of this study. The findings indicate a strong inverse relationship between motivation and anxiety. Anxiety and intrinsic motivation significantly correlated negatively, according to additional studies, while anxiety showed no correlation with extrinsic motivation. What’s more, the results indicate that among college students, only the extrinsic motivation-social is at a low level, while the levels of other motivations are relatively high. The findings can provide college teachers and students with a deeper understanding about anxiety and motivation in Englis learning to improve the effectiveness of learning English and assist them in managing the connection between anxiety and motivation.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231826

    Legislative Arrangement of Carbon Tax Included in Environmental Protection Tax: A Comparison of the People’s Republic of China and the United Kingdom

    This research paper delves into an in-depth analysis of the legislative framework surrounding carbon taxation within the broader context of environmental protection taxes. It places a keen focus on how these policies can play a pivotal role in combatting climate change while also assessing their potential ramifications on sustainable development strategies. The paper meticulously scrutinizes the hurdles and prospects associated with the effective implementation of carbon taxes, shedding light on their systemic importance and their capacity to catalyze the production of cleaner, more sustainable fuels. In a comparative examination, this study contrasts the legislative structures governing carbon tax within the environmental protection tax regimes of the People’s Republic of China and the United Kingdom. This involves a comprehensive evaluation of the legal foundations, tax bases, tax rates, and the allocation of tax revenues in both jurisdictions. Ultimately, the findings reveal distinct approaches to carbon tax legislation in these two nations. The paper not only underscores the differences but also recommends judicious legislative adaptations that can strike a harmonious balance between environmental efficacy and economic feasibility, thus fostering a sustainable future.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231829

    Chen Lifu and Characteristics of Wartime Higher Education in China (1937-1944)

    The development and change of wartime higher education significantly impacted China's modern history, and its evolution was closely related to the advocacies and ideas of Chen Lifu, who served as the Minister of Education from 1938 to 1944. This paper first analyzes the merger and relocation of universities with examples such as the Southwest United Nations University and the National Central University, arguing that relocations ensured the continuity and development of higher education in China and nurtured many professional talents. The paper also focuses on the loan and publicly-funded student system, which Chen Lifu adopted mainly to compete for the youth with the Communist Party and the Japanese forces. The system helped a large number of economically disadvantaged students to complete their studies, enhanced young students' sense of responsibility towards the country, stabilized society, and increased the public's trust in the government. Besides, the paper analyzes the military recruitment of young people, briefly describes the recruitment of medical, engineering, and translation students, the peak of military recruitment, and the participation of young expeditionary force in the war, as well as the critical role of these recruitments in the victory of the war.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231837

    Honesty in Modern Identity Cultivation: A Moral Dilemma-Based Discussion

    In contemporary society, individuals have a tendency to cultivate their identities based on their characteristics and traits. Within the current educational framework, individuals are instructed in the virtue of honesty. Nevertheless, falsehoods continue to be prevalent in everyday life. However, a comprehensive and universally applicable explanation for the commitment to the concept of honesty remains elusive. The objective of this work is to establish a universally accepted understanding of the concept of honesty. A moral quandary will be presented to ascertain individuals' present decisions. The analysis is grounded on Freud's theoretical framework of personality agency. In some situations, the use of honesty may not be conducive to efficient problem-solving. The significance of honesty as a moral virtue is underscored by its ability to transcend legal boundaries and contribute to the development of individuals' character. In some circumstances when honesty becomes insufficient in managing various situations, individuals may resort to temporarily using falsehoods, aligning with the ideal of benevolence.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231838

    Anthropological Dilemma of the Digital Society: The Disappearance of the Visualization to Citizen Right under Biopolitics

    The concept of biopolitics provides a novel lens through which to examine the contemporary processes of resource integration, decision-making management, and public involvement within the context of specific emergency circumstances. During the occurrence of an outbreak, the systematic monitoring and documentation of the behavioural patterns of the entire population have elucidated the trajectory of infected individuals. Consequently, this has facilitated the identification and closure of high-risk locations, so effectively mitigating the escalation of the epidemic. Nevertheless, the act of disclosing the location data of individuals effectively violates certain aspects of citizens' rights and encroaches upon their personal privacy. The prevailing body of scholarly research on biopolitics mostly focuses on its advantageous aspects, while paying less attention to the potential consequences of its excessive proliferation. Hence, the present paper places greater emphasis on the adverse consequences associated with the limited entitlements afforded to individuals within the framework of biopolitics. This article employs the methodology of phenomenon analysis and investigation analysis. This paper aims to examine the merits and demerits of biopolitics through an analysis of the recent coronavirus pandemic in China. Additionally, it seeks to gather data from China and the United States to study potential future applications of biopolitics. This article aims to enhance the scholarly understanding of the societal perspective on biopolitics by engaging in an objective discourse and doing rigorous data analysis.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231845

    Ethical and Moral Issues Raised by Replicating the Moral Model Personality and Creating the Perfect Simulator

    The reproduction of moral role models and the development of flawless moral robots both raise a number of ethical and moral questions, which are investigated in this study. To begin, the research investigates the social reality of the problem by focusing on the question of whether or not moral role models should be reproduced through technological means. After that, this study developed an ethical conundrum based on it and published it on social media in order to get people's reactions to it. After that, the ethical and theoretical difficulties that may come from duplicating a flawless moral subject into a robot were further investigated through the feedback and messages from the public. These issues included the robot's moral judgement, rights, societal acceptance, awareness, potential risks, and abuse. This underscores the intricate relationship that exists between technology and ethics, as well as the necessity for a synthesis of ethical, legal, social, and cultural issues, as well as broad discussion and interdisciplinary collaboration, in order to handle the complex challenges that are involved.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231855

    Research on Gender Differences and Gender Discrimination in Chinese Education

    This research study investigates the issue of gender differences and gender discrimination in the education system of China. Despite advancements in gender equality, subtle forms of bias and discrimination continue to affect students' academic achievements and career prospects. The study aims to examine the extent of gender-based disparities in educational opportunities, outcomes, and experiences among students in China, as well as explore the underlying factors contributing to these disparities. A mixed-methods approach was employed, utilizing surveys, academic records analysis, interviews, and focus group discussions. The research findings reveal the presence of gender differences and bias in various aspects of Chinese education. Female students face challenges in accessing higher education and leadership positions, while encountering discrimination that affects their self-esteem, academic choices, and career aspirations. Male students experience stereotyping and pressure to conform to traditional masculine roles, limiting their potential in non-traditional fields. Addressing these issues requires policy reforms, awareness campaigns, and targeted support for marginalized students. Efforts to promote equal access, challenge gender stereotypes, and foster inclusive educational environments are crucial for a more equitable and empowering educational landscape in China.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231856

    Project-based Language Learning and Its Implications for English Teaching in Chinese Universities

    Project-Based Language Learning (PBLL) is a novel teaching method that focuses on the student and seeks to transform the model of second and foreign-language education. This technique can dramatically transform students’ learning experiences. Students are at the center of their own learning experience in PBLL. In comparison to traditional teacher-led instruction, PBLL emphasizes students’ active engagement and in-depth comprehension. Students will study language in PBLL by taking part in a range of projects that are typically related to their interests, professional domains, or social activities. This article dives into the unique characteristics, benefits, and limitations of PBLL, providing a complete assessment of its applicability in Chinese college English classes. By examining its essential components, useful insights into how PBLL might be used to maximize language acquisition in higher education contexts are gained. Furthermore, this analysis illuminates the current stage of PBLL implementation and forecasts its future trajectory in the field of Chinese college English instruction. This article seeks to serve as a beneficial resource for educators looking to innovate and improve their approaches to college-level English language instruction by chronicling the course of this dynamic teaching methodology.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231861

    The Relationship Between School Bullying and Mental Health among Adolescents

    School bullying and mental health continue to be a topic of interest to scholars from a range of territories. Olweus has been studying the direct link between school bullying and depression since the 1980s. It is important to study adolescents as a group. Adolescents are in a key phase characterized by accelerated physical growth. At the same time, there are also major psychological changes in the areas of cognitive, emotional, personality, interpersonal relationships, and beliefs. It is equivalent to a psychological weaning period, so the adolescent stage is a key to social development. Adolescents who were bullied in school are more prone to develop mental illnesses and have lower cognitive abilities, social, and emotional functioning than adolescents who did not experience school bullying. Bullying causes victims to suffer from a range of behavioral problems, such as reduced academic performance, truancy and absenteeism, and dropping out of school, which affects the normal learning and development of adolescents. It was found that the argument of this review is consistent with the theoretical results of most studies. School bullying makes adolescents more likely to develop depression. Surprisingly, however, not only are the bullied susceptible to mental problems, but the bullies and bystanders also become more likely to develop mental issues.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231868

    The Impact of Feminism and the Outlook for Its Development: A Case Study of the Film Titanic

    In the framework of a love story, the film Titanic portrays the behaviour and psychology of multiple characters with distinct personalities, shaping many unique female and male images. While telling the story, it expresses profound feminist ideas, illustrates the conflict between two genders, and leads people to think deeply about gender relations. In this paper, the author analyzes some representative characters in the film and examines the impact of feminism on literature, film, economy, and politics, emphasizing the importance and potential of women in various fields. It is found that feminism encourages women to start and participate in a business, and it promotes the success of women in the fields of technology and business. Finally, this paper discusses the development and challenges of feminism in contemporary society. Feminism not only provides important support for the cause of gender equality but also inspires more people to pay attention to gender equality issues and strive to build a more just and inclusive society. The influence of feminism will continue to drive social development and change.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231878

    The Impact of Punishment Level and Distribution Ratio on Second Party in Third-Party Punishment Game

    The third-party punishment game (TPP) was popular for its enormous influence on real-life judicial problems and the current justice system. After mimicking a third-party game for each participant, the study collected data from the second party and tested the likeableness of the third party and the extent to which the second party punished or rewarded the third party. Most results were calculated by SPSS, and results showed that (i) the second party is more likely to rate a higher level of likeableness and justice for the third party for each level of punishment (ii) if the third party enforces a high level of punishment, the second party is more likely to compensate with a greater amount (iii) if the third party chooses the low level of punishment, the second party is more likely to punish. Overall, the experiment demonstrates how the second parties’ attitudes to third parties were influenced by the punishment level, the distribution ratio and third parties’ intervention intentions.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-12-07 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/31/20231953

    An Investigation on the Necessity to Increase the Publicity of Psychological Education

    Children's psychological pressure is increasing, but parents, schools and even society have not paid more attention to this aspect. This article will analyze the suicide rate worldwide, the benefits of psychoeducation, the adverse effects of psychoeducation, and the difficulties in implementing psychoeducation. The benefit of psychological education is that it can help teenagers not be afraid of some negative emotions and better manage these negative emotions. It can also improve academic performance and concentration in learning. At the same time, the negative impact of promoting psychological education is that some people with impure motives may take advantage of it and defraud money and other things. The worst idea is that excessive publicity leads people without mental illness to assume they are sick, while people with mental illness are unwilling to receive treatment. The difficulty in promoting psychological education is a shortage of psychological teachers, and psychological knowledge in today's society is not popular enough, so it is challenging to implement psychological counselling. However, through analysis, it can be known that the benefits of implementing psychological education outweigh the disadvantages. Therefore, the government and schools need to pay more attention to psychological education and not let previous tragedies repeat themselves.

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