Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Psychology and Humanity Studies

    Conference Date







    978-1-83558-409-5 (Print)

    978-1-83558-410-1 (Online)

    Published Date



    Kurt Buhring, Saint Mary's College


  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240450

    The Influence of Cultural Background on Employment Behavior

    Cultural background plays an important role in the organizational environment and has a wide and profound impact on employee behavior. Based on the cultural dimension theory proposed by Hofstede, this article attempts to explain more clearly from a theoretical perspective the predictable effects that different cultural backgrounds may have on cooperation in cross-cultural teams. This article also refers to a research report that investigated the cross-cultural after-sales team of "DM Company". It attempts to use this study as an example to explore the impact of different cultural backgrounds on sales work in cross-cultural teams, and to explore the impact of other cultural backgrounds on work. This paper aims to explore the impact of cultural background on employee behavior, including communication style, decision-making style, work attitude and so on. By analyzing how different cultural backgrounds shape employee behavior, it can help organizations better manage diverse employee groups and improve work efficiency and employee satisfaction.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240451

    Differences in BBC and CCTV Coverage: An Applied Validation of Cultivation Theory

    Every country in the world has its own media organization, so why is there a difference in perspective and content between media organizations around the world? This paper will use the BBC and CCTV as examples to try to explain the reasons for the differences between the different media and further explain the underlying principles behind the variation in media coverage in the context of cultivation theory. People can see that the factors contributing to this difference are complex and may include the nature of the media itself, the collective interests it represents, and the significance of the events it covers for the media.At the same time, the laws of media operation also play an important role behind the scenes, leading to all these differences, and the different reports may also be due to the application of different media theories. This paper will elaborate on the above factors.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240476

    Rwanda-Conflict, Violence, and Reconstruction

    When it comes to Rwanda, most people first think of the tragic movie — The Rwanda Hotel. That film recreates the bloody 1994 massacre in Rwanda, causing irreparable harm to every Rwandan people. Rwanda's history is indeed full of hatred and misery. After the massacre, the Rwandan government led the people to take national reconstruction measures for the country and achieved the desired results. Based on adjusting their own culture, the Rwandans also explored a development path that suits their national conditions and has African characteristics. After the completion of the reconstruction, Rwanda largely resumed its economic development and made all-around progress, even known as the “Singapore of Africa.” Rwanda's reconstruction policy is generally improving, but there are still some shortcomings that need to be adjusted and improved. Driven by those reconstruction measures, Rwanda has achieved remarkable results and is worth learning from other countries.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240517

    Sophisticated News Outlets: Comparing The New York Times and Global Daily on the Framing and Diffusion of Attitude

    Today, news media have become essential to everyday life, offering the public more information on political events. However, people who read different media outlets often hold different opinions on the same event. It is intriguing to think about how people are affected to hold the attitudes intentially directed by the news outlets and to figure out some specific reasons behind. There are lots of communication techniques used by the news outlets in journalism in order to shape their readers’ ideas, and framing is one of the common methods. Framing refers to the ways in which how an issue is characterized in news can influence how the audience understand it. This paper argues that news outlets strategically use framing to shape the orientations and opinions of their readers, by comparing the coverage of the Wagner Mutiny by two news agencies, Global Daily and The New York Times. This paper proceeds with, first, a summary of how the two news outlets reported the Wagner Mutiny, focusing on their different attitudes. Second, the paper provides a potential explanation of these differences by identifying the framing mechanisms that induces the readers’ thoughts in each news outlet.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240558

    Analysis of Nonlinear Narrative via the Lens of the Coherence Theory of Language

    The objective of this study is to examine the utilization of nonlinear narrative approaches in literature and investigate the potential optimization of comprehension of intricate plots through the application of linguistics-related knowledge. This study has determined, based on an examination of pertinent literature, that the use of non-linear narrative techniques can augment the appeal and intricacy of a literary piece, while also intensifying the level of reading challenge for its audience. This research use qualitative research methodologies to examine the utilization of non-linear narrative approaches, with a focus on comprehending these strategies through the analysis of textual data. The findings indicate that the principles of linguistic theory can be effectively employed in the analysis of literary texts as well as in the interpretation of films and television productions. This discovery has the potential to enhance the applicability of linguistics, thereby bridging a portion of the existing disparity between linguistic theory and real-world applications.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240560

    Integrating Models in Education: Evaluating Strategies and Enhancing Student Learning Through Advanced Analytical Methods

    This paper undertakes an in-depth examination of contemporary educational models, focusing on their impact on student learning and teaching strategies. It contrasts static models like the Item Response Theory (IRT) with dynamic models, notably Knowledge Tracing (KT) and its extensions such as the Knowledge Tracing Model (KTM) with a "Tutor Intervention" element. These dynamic models, particularly the dynamic Bayesian network (DBN) structure of KT, provide a detailed perspective on student learning, accommodating temporal skill variations and diverse educational interventions. The study further explores learning decomposition, revealing its effectiveness in evaluating various reading practices and their influence on reading fluency, underscoring the need for personalized educational approaches. Additionally, the paper discusses the Bayesian Evaluation and Assessment framework within Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS), offering a holistic view of both the immediate and long-term effects of tutoring. Key insights are presented on the efficacy of different educational models in reading education, advocating for diversified reading practices and personalized learning strategies. The paper also identifies limitations in current models, such as high standard errors in learning decomposition and weak fits in models like LR-DBN, and proposes future research directions, including automated analysis and a hybrid approach combining human expertise with computational analysis. This approach aims to enhance educational data mining and inform effective educational strategies and outcomes.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240649

    Netflix Evolution and Strategy for Future Development

    Since Netflix's founding in 1997, Netflix has transformed from an online DVD rental service into a massive streaming media company. Its 44.21% share of the US streaming market by 2023 shows how flexible and well-liked it is in the cutthroat world of streaming media. Amazon Prime Video, Hulu, Disney+, HBO Max, and other streaming services are competitors for Netflix, which has had inconsistent financial performance in 2023. Its strategy is centered on investing in high-value projects, creating content with both local and global appeal, and expanding globally. Netflix prioritizes original content, technological innovation, and international expansion as part of its subscription-based business model. In the cutthroat streaming market, Netflix faces off against established behemoths and upstarts and oblique rivals like social media sites. Though obstacles like financial management, content saturation, and strategic transparency still exist, its strategic concentration on unique material and international expansion seems appropriate. Future success is advised by prioritizing user experience, investing in technology, diversifying revenue streams, increasing the diversity of material, and being transparent about audience data.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240659

    Electoral Democracy: The Manifestation of Collective Will and Deliberation

    This article examines the conditions under which elections can genuinely express the 'will of the people.' It argues that the establishment of a shared community and the engagement in genuine deliberation are fundamental to achieving this. Drawing on the philosophical concept of 'general will' as presented by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the article posits that a democratic society must first and foremost establish an effective social contract. This contract serves as a crucial mediator between conflicting individual desires, fostering harmony and collective wills. Furthermore, the article also notes that the establishment of a social contract is not a one-time event but rather, an ongoing process. It emphasizes the need for this contract to be consistently renewed and reevaluated through thoughtful deliberations. The article analyzes various election processes, highlighting the failures and successes of different countries. It underscores how different approaches to elections can either facilitate or hinder the formation of a representative general will. It finally concludes that elections, when conducted under the proper conditions of deliberation and a constantly evolving social contract, can indeed serve as authentic expressions of the will of the people.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240878

    Role of Language in Emotions and Bias: A Cognitive Linguistic Perspective of Affective Political Media in the US

    In today’s digital era, where emotions are central to journalism and information disseminates rapidly, the role of language in transmitting emotions, stereotypes, and biases has become a subject of debate and study. The use of language in news media can be argued, as it may prioritize sensationalism over accuracy to tap into people’s feelings under new business models and the attention economy. While journalism ethics aim to minimize bias, journalism consistently incorporates emotions to captivate the audience and create an “experience of involvement”. This is significant because language, consumed from diverse media news channels, is integral to cognition. Research in cognitive linguistics demonstrates that human beings view the world in metaphoric terms, and language defines and constrains communication, thinking, and sense-making. This article explores linguistic mechanisms such as metaphors of “flood” and “aliens”, agenda setting, selectivity, framing, and expectancy bias, through which emotions, perspectives, and affectivity are sustained and propagated in political news reporting. It considers the impact of stereotypes and biases, particularly in the media portrayal of undocumented immigrants and different framings in the description of the War in Gaza. The article highlights that language is seldom neutral and is intertwined with motives, emphasizing the importance of understanding the persuasive power of words. In conclusion, this paper reveals the role of language in shaping perceptions of message receivers and contributes to enhancing linguistic justice, informing more ethical approaches to journalism and media production. It emphasizes the need for an editorially conscious and intelligent use of language to create engaging, empathetic content.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240902

    Better Ways to Protect Indigenous Knowledge and Cultures Through Intellectual Property

    Indigenous knowledge can be understood as a network of knowledge, beliefs and traditions that can be preserved and have some commercial value over time. Along with the increasing visibility of indigenous cultures in the global marketplace, there are also significant challenges. These challenges are often related to the physical destruction and utilization of indigenous lands and knowledge. The historical context and uniqueness of indigenous cultures suggest that they require greater attention and special protection under the law. From the current provisions and judgments, some individual authors have been compensated while the rights of the broader indigenous community have not been adequately protected. From an international perspective, the focus of the work of international organizations has expanded to include indigenous peoples' land claims and cultural rights. In addition to various international organizations and related instruments, a number of countries and regions are working to protect the intellectual property rights of indigenous cultures. Australia is a country that is typically faced with the protection of indigenous intellectual property. For Australia, the effective protection of indigenous knowledge remains an issue that needs to be addressed and managed through the legal realm. The positioning of indigenous knowledge in the law is complex and incomplete. Australia has played an important role at the international level, but the actual response within Australia to the international level has been minimal. Australia should therefore recognize and respond to these developments in legislation as soon as possible.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240928

    The Current Status of Internet Fiction Addiction among Chinese Middle School Adolescents and Its Association with Self-Efficacy and Boredom Proneness

    With the widespread utilization of the Internet, symptoms associated with Internet Fiction addiction are increasingly prevalent among Chinese netizens. This addictive behavior not only poses risks to personal well-being and emotional stability but also jeopardizes physical health. However, the relevant studies remain scarce and the definition of IFA is controversial. In order to address this gap, a questionnaire survey was conducted on 412 Chinese middle school students to investigate their levels of Internet Fiction addiction, self-efficacy, and boredom proneness. The findings reveal a significant positive correlation between Internet Fiction addiction and boredom proneness while no significant correlation is observed between IFA and self-efficacy. This discrepancy may be attributed to the fact that heightened levels of boredom proneness contribute to mood fluctuations, increased indulgence in daydreaming activities, as well as a distorted perception of time -- all factors that exacerbate the symptoms associated with Internet fiction addiction. The study further investigated risk factors for Internet fiction addiction among Chinese middle school students, enhancing research in this area and providing a reference for the prevention and correction of this issue.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240937

    An Analysis of George Orwell 's Animal Farm with Discourse Coherence Theory

    Animal Farm is a political allegory that reflects the social and political issues of the Soviet Union under Stalin's regime. The narrative provides an insightful critique of the corruption and abuse of power that occurred during the communist regime. It highlights the process of social control and manipulation, the importance of language and discourse, and the effects of propaganda. The discourse coherence theory aims to explain the factors contributing to the coherence and coherence problems in texts. The theory suggests that coherence is achieved through the connections between linguistic elements, world knowledge, and situational and contextual factors. An analysis of Animal Farm from the perspective of discourse coherence theory could reveal how the language and discourse used in the narrative contribute to the coherence and the ways in which coherence is disrupted. Therefore, Animal Farm could be a suitable text for studying discourse coherence theory due to its complex narrative structure and the use of language and discourse to convey political messages.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240943

    Intelligent Ideological and Political Education: The New Role of Artificial Intelligence

    Intelligent political and ideological education has steadily gained popularity in today's educational landscape due to the rapid advancement of artificial intelligence technology. This research aims to investigate the emerging role of artificial intelligence in political and ideological education. First of all, we clearly define and explain the concept of intelligent ideological and political education, and deeply analyze the basic connotation and characteristics of intelligent ideological and political education including its important value. Secondly,we analyze the application status of artificial intelligence technology in ideological and political education, and give two representative typical cases.At the same time, we also analyzed the innovative practice of artificial intelligence technology from two aspects of moral education and political education.Furthermore, given the difficulties AI technology faces in the context of political and ideological education, we suggest appropriate responses,This study concludes with a discussion on artificial intelligence's development tendency in ideological education going forward.Our prediction is that as artificial intelligence technology advances and becomes more sophisticated, intelligent education will serve as a strong basis for comprehensive innovation in educational methods, content, and management. This will enable the development of exceptional talent who possess a strong sense of national identity, global perspective, and social responsibility.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240946

    Tao Hongjing's Medical Health Preservation Philosophy

    In the 21st century, the medical paradigm has transitioned from "disease medicine" to "health medicine," with the developmental trend shifting from "treating diseases" to maintaining a "healthy" state. Tao Hongjing, representing the field of health preservation studies during the Southern and Northern Dynasties in ancient China, contributed distinctive principles and methods to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) health preservation, constituting a crucial aspect of TCM health preservation academic thought. His concise and cost-effective health preservation theories and methods encapsulate profound health preservation insights and philosophical contemplation, earning commendation from successive generations of medical practitioners and holding remarkable research value. Against the backdrop of implementing the "Healthy China" strategy and advocating "universal health," Tao Hongjing's health preservation philosophy holds significant reference value for enhancing human health awareness and promoting harmonious social development, providing strong practical guidance. This paper focuses on Tao Hongjing's medical health preservation philosophy, utilizing works such as Record of Nurturing Life for Longevity, Zhen Gao, Compendium of Materia Medica Annotations, Records of Renowned Physicians, and Collected Works of Tao's Seclusion (《养性延命录》 《真诰》 《本草经集注》《名医别录》《陶隐居集》) as research materials to thoroughly explore Tao Hongjing's medical health preservation methods and academic characteristics.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240952

    Why Does China Implement the "Dual Reduction Policy" to Restrict Educational Industry? An Explanation Based on Marxist Political Economy

    Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels proposed in "The Communist Manifesto" the viewpoint of the inevitable demise of capitalism, Marxist political economy serves as an explanation and justification of this viewpoint. Marxist political economy forms a complete logical system, which elucidates the developmental path of capitalist collapse through three stages: surplus value, free competition, and monopoly capitalism. The theory of surplus value explains the intrinsic essence of capitalist society, wherein capitalists profit by exploiting labor, while free market competition and monopoly capitalism are external manifestations of the operational laws of capitalist society. In recent years, the disorderly expansion of educational capital in China has shown clear monopolistic tendencies. At this juncture, China promptly implemented the "dual reduction policy" to restrict the expansion of educational capital, which is a practical application of Marxist political economy. From the perspective of Marxist political economy theory, China's restrictions on educational capital serve three purposes: firstly, to prevent capital from excessively depriving laborers of surplus value; secondly, to avoid cyclical economic crises brought about by unregulated capital competition; thirdly, to prevent monopolies and thereby avert both economic crises and the social crises brought about by monopolies.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240953

    Report on English-Chinese Translation Practice Based on Trados Computer Aided Translation: A Case Study of Procedure in Civil Cases in the U.S. Courts

    This report focuses on the translation practice of parts of the text from "Procedure in Civil Cases in the U.S. Courts" using the Trados translation software. By comparing and analyzing the application of Trados in the translation process, this study aims to reveal the advantages and limitations of using computer aided translation (CAT) tools in legal text translation. The research finds that Trados significantly aids in the field of legal translation; however, its effectiveness is still limited by the translator's grasp of legal expertise. Therefore, this paper intends to offer practical suggestions and experience summaries for legal text translation and to discuss the pros and cons of CAT tools in specific fields. Through an in-depth analysis of Trados usage and a detailed examination of the translation practice results, this paper aims to provide feasible recommendations for improving the quality of legal text translation and to serve as a reference for the application of CAT tools in the legal field.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240955

    The L2 Proficiency Effect on Mentalizing Abilities by Tibetan-Chinese-English Trilinguals

    This study investigates the mentalizing performances of Tibetan-Chinese-English trilinguals with different L2 proficiency, using the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test” accuracy as a measurement index. The results indicated that trilinguals proficient in both Tibetan and Chinese outperformed those proficient in Tibetan and relatively proficient in Chinese in mentalizing abilities. A survey on language background revealed a positive correlation between L2 proficiency and L2 usage frequency. For Tibetan-Chinese-English trilinguals, Chinese proficiency and usage frequency may have significant effects on their development of mentalizing abilities and involvement in social interaction.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240956

    A Study of Jocular Mockery with Conversation in Welcome to the Mushroom House

    There are fruitful research results about politeness and its strategies at home and abroad, but the research on mock impoliteness and its various practical activities still needs to be deepened. Combining previous researches with the corpus of collected conversational data from episodes 1-3 of Welcome to the Mushroom House, this paper analyzes the pragmatic mechanism and dynamic construction of the mock impoliteness practice activity of jocular mockery from the three dimensions of triggering mechanism, framing mechanism, and responding mechanism. The article is expected to provide more ideas for jocular mockery research. In the future, it can be combined with empirical research to explain the pragmatic phenomenon.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240959

    How and Why Does Social Exclusion Affect Individuals?

    This essay explores the various effects of social isolation, emphasizing its psychological, social, and economic repercussions on individuals and society. Based on extensive empirical research, this study investigates the causes of social exclusion, such as cognitive shifts, emotional turmoil, identity conflicts, and economic inequalities. The article shows that social exclusion impacts both the mental and physical health of individuals and contributes to ongoing cycles of adversity, inequality, and social instability. Social exclusion is a widespread problem that weakens community unity and democratic participation. It promotes inclusive policies and structural reforms to tackle its underlying reasons. The essay highlights the significance of comprehending the extensive effects of social exclusion to promote a fairer and more peaceful society.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-04-30 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/51/20240960

    The Role of Insecure Attachment in Emotional Disorders: From Children to the Elderly

    Certain emotional disorders pose a significant societal concern due to their association with recurring suicidal tendencies and behaviors. Beyond the ongoing debate surrounding genetic and personality factors, this paper underscores the importance of considering attachment in the context of emotional disorders. Through a comprehensive review of literature in the fields of social and clinical psychology, this paper explores the connection between insecure attachment and emotional disorders. The exploration encompasses a concise historical overview and categozrization of attachment, followed by an in-depth analysis of the role of insecure attachment in emotional disorders across the lifespan, from childhood to old age. Additionally, potential mediator and moderator mechanisms are discussed. Notably, emotional regulation emerges as a predominant mediator during various life stages, serving this role in both childhood and adulthood, while self-esteem is identified as a sole mediating factor during adolescence. By elucidating the detrimental impacts of insecure attachment, this article emphasizes the crucial need to understand attachment dynamics throughout the human lifespan. Future research endeavors may focus on promoting heightened awareness among parents regarding the significance of sensitive early family interactions and encouraging individuals to identify and cultivate secure attachment figures.

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