Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Psychology and Humanity Studies

    Conference Date







    978-1-83558-325-8 (Print)

    978-1-83558-326-5 (Online)

    Published Date



    Kurt Buhring, Saint Mary's College


  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240679

    Re-visiting the Discursive Power of China’s Generation Z: A Perspective on the Rise of New Populism in China Through Self-Media

    While the authoritarian rule of China and its media censorship have been extensively researched, the emergence of self-media has introduced a dynamic new platform for political engagement, especially among Generation Z. This paper presents an innovative research perspective, examining the transformative role of self-media in reshaping and fragmenting discursive power, and its subsequent influence on the development of populism in China. It analyzes the Party’s degree of tolerance towards self-media within its overarching media regulation policies, and studies how this emergent public sphere of politics catalyzed the transformation of populism along with broad discussions and critiques of societal issues. Focusing on Generation Z’s extensive use of self-media for political engagement, the paper underscores the younger generation’s disillusionment with the current state of media-driven populism under the Party's regime. The paper highlights how the lack of discursive power has contributed to an excessive proliferation of nationalism, formalism, and disparities in wealth distribution. The study offers valuable insights for future research on discursive power in authoritarian settings and stimulates discourse on how self-media simultaneously constructs and deconstructs the frameworks and understanding of populist ideologies.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240683

    Analysis of Japan's Nuclear Sewage Discharge into the Sea from the Perspective of International Law

    The Japanese government's proposed plan to release radioactive-contaminated water into the Pacific Ocean has raised global concerns. Consequently, this prompted extensive contemplation and discourse over Japan's obligations under international law. This study summarizes domestic and international nuclear-contaminated water studies. The assertion is made that Japan's action of releasing nuclear-contaminated water into the ocean can be classified as a state act, contravening pertinent international agreements and legal standards. The subsequent analysis delves into the legal foundation for Japan's state responsibility, highlighting the absence of any exemption from said responsibility. Furthermore, it explores the challenges associated with holding Japan accountable, encompassing varying standards of damage, the lack of regulatory oversight from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the complexities surrounding evidence collection and acquisition, as well as the obstacles to transboundary implementation. This paper presents a set of strategies for China to address Japan's discharge of nuclear-contaminated water, focusing on the perspective of international law. These strategies encompass the formulation of explicit discharge standards and environmental damage criteria, and the establishment of a specialized organization for conducting investigations and gathering evidence. The primary objective of this study is to offer valuable insights into comprehending and addressing the intricacies of this multifaceted matter. Additionally, it seeks to furnish pertinent resources for effectively resolving transnational environmental conflicts within the context of international legal frameworks.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240686

    "Don't Call Me Angel": The Construction of Female Representation from a Postfeminist Perspective

    Charlie's Angels (2019) is considered a feminist film, dedicated to promoting women's empowerment and gender equality related discourse. Don't Call Me Angel is the theme song of Charlie's Angels, co-performed by Ariana Grande, Miley Cyrus and Lana Del Rey, which advocates women's control over the body, eliminating gender stereotypes, bold self-expression as well as encouraging sisterhood. This article critically discusses the construction of female images in this pop music video from a postfeminist perspective, which means that this study adopts a qualitative method of social semiotics to draw conclusions by sorting out some scenes, lyrics and performances of Don't Call Me Angel. Firstly, some of the objectified female and sexual expression scenes in this music video reflect complex postfeminist emotions. Secondly, the music video retains the characteristics of the classic Hollywood action movies' femme fatale when constructing female images, especially highlighting the pornographic femininity and the masculinity of violent female images.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240687

    The Effect of Women's E-literacy on Appearance Anxiety in the Information Age

    In the information age, the development of social media has brought convenience to people's lives, but it has also had some negative impacts on people's mental health. Especially for women, society's emphasis on appearance and the popularity of electronic media have made women's appearance anxiety increasingly serious. This paper aims to explore the alleviating effect of women's electronic literacy on their appearance anxiety in the information age and provide strategies for improving electronic literacy by strengthening electronic literacy education. This paper argues that the lack of electronic literacy, such as online disinformation and women's weak information screening ability, leads to women's appearance anxiety. Based on this, this paper suggests that the cultivation of women's information ability should be strengthened, and the e-literacy of the whole society should be improved by improving the education system. At the same time, all components of society, such as online platforms, should enhance their sense of social responsibility on the Internet and build a fresh and upward network environment.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240691

    Comparison and Analysis of Multiple Machine Learning Algorithms for Predicting Student Adaptation Levels in Online Education

    With the rapid development and popularization of Internet technology, online education has become a new way of education. Compared with traditional classroom teaching, online education has a more flexible learning mode, a more convenient learning environment and a wider range of learning resources. However, at the same time, online education also faces some challenges, one of the most important challenges is the adaptability of students to online education. In this paper, we use machine learning techniques to predict students' adaptability in online classrooms. After using logistic regression model, k-neighborhood algorithm model, random forest model, XGBoost model and Cat Boost model to make predictions, it is found that random forest model is the best in predicting students' adaptability to online classroom, with a prediction accuracy of 89.6%. The XGBoost model and CatBoost model were also better in prediction, with prediction accuracies of 89.1% and 88.6%, respectively. In contrast, the logistic regression and KNN models have poorer prediction accuracy with 68.8% and 77.1%, respectively. The research in this article has important implications for the online education industry. By using machine learning techniques to predict students' adaptability in an online classroom, it can help educational institutions better understand students' learning and improve teaching effectiveness. Meanwhile, for students, knowing their adaptive ability in online classroom also helps them to better plan their study programs and improve their learning efficiency. This study uses machine learning techniques to predict students' adaptive ability in online classrooms, and the results show that the random forest model performs the best in terms of predictive effectiveness. This study provides a useful reference for the online education industry and also provides some ideas for future research.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240694

    Navigating Contradictions in Chinese Diplomacy: The Dual Narratives of “Peaceful Rise” and “Class Struggle” in Soft Power Discourse

    This research paper explores the intricate and paradoxical nature of China’s soft power, focusing on the dual narratives of “peaceful rise” (PR) and “class struggle” (CS) within its diplomacy and global strategy, The study contrasts Joseph Nye’s concept of soft power with China’s unique approach, highlighting the interplay between China’s soft power ambitions and its global image. Critical discourse analysis, particularly Fairclough’s three-step approach, is employed to dissect political language and narratives, offering a deeper understanding of the intersection of language, power, and ideology in Chinese diplomacy. The paper’s pivotal section analyzes Xi Jinping’s rhetoric on PR and CS, revealing China’s portrayal of a harmonious global emergence alongside a realist perspective on international power dynamics. The paper delves into the implications of these contrasting narratives for China’s global image and diplomatic relations. It underscores the significance of understanding China’s soft power in a connected and multipolar world, providing insights into China’s rise as a global power and its interactions with the international community. In conclusion, the paper highlights China’s struggle to balance its historical cultural identity with contemporary geopolitical realities.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240698

    Analysis of Differences in Chinese and English Classroom Teaching

    With the Double Reduction policy and the globalization trend in the Chinese economic environment, the educational exchanges are becoming more and more frequent between the world and China. Based on the traditional teaching method, the classroom teaching in China is facing the demand for a transformation as students are completely different compared to twenty years ago with the help of information revolution. Since more and more teachers in China are trying to build a student-centered classroom, the comparative study of classroom teaching between China and the U.K. turns out to be a necessary subject. Based on this, this paper compares the differences between classroom teaching in China and the UK. First, through the observation of two different classroom teaching methods, the paper gives the description of two classroom teaching systems which contains the approaches and the content of classroom teaching. Second, through the comparative study, it investigates the causes, advantages and disadvantages of two teaching strategies to analyze the similarities and differences then provide potential ways can apply the existing experience to a Chinese classroom. Third, the paper provides suggestions for Chinese teachers to make the classroom more efficient with student-center approaches.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240699

    From Goals to Action: Interpreting Aims and Proposing Strategies for In-Service Teachers Training Policies

    Teacher quality and professional competence is one of the crucial topics in the research on teachers' training. The researcher has found that in-service teachers' training, which was primarily influenced by policies, plays an important role in the sustainable development of teachers. However, there is a scarcity of research on systematic analyses of aims and implementation of in-service teachers' training policies from the perspective of teachers' professional development. Therefore, this article, based on policy documents from the past five years, adopts a multidimensional model of teachers' professional competence to investigate the impact of the policies on teachers' professional development. The study finds that while policy aims to align with the model of teachers' professional competence, shortcomings persist in practical implementation, such as insufficient practices, low efficiency and a lack of personalized guidance. In conclusion, the article offers some specific recommendations to address these issues, primarily analyzing from three dimensions: educational policies related to in-service teachers' training, school management, and public awareness.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240701

    Comparison of Education Development Between China and the UK in the Modern Times and Its Suggestions on Education Development in Contemporary China

    The development of education has a great influence on the development of the nation. The comparative study on the development of education in different countries can help to better see the shortcomings. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Britain's comprehensive national strength ranked first in the world, so that it had better conditions to develop education. At the same time, China was invaded by Western powers, realized the importance of developing education, and took certain measures to promote the development of education. This paper compares the development of education in China and the UK in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the period known in China as the modern times, finds out that the two countries have great differences in educational content, educational development level and educational results, and put forward suggestions for promoting the development of education in contemporary China. First, China could prioritize the reformation of its education system, place emphasis on nurturing students' scientific, technical, and practical competencies and value the preservation of traditional culture and humanistic attributes. Then, China could take steps to ensure the widespread availability of compulsory education and enhance the quality of education through more focused and strategic approaches.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240706

    The Connection and Distinction Between “Responsibility to Protect” and “Humanitarian Intervention” under International Law

    This paper explores the connection and distinction between the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P) and “Humanitarian Intervention” within the framework of international law. R2P emphasizes limited international intervention in cases of severe human rights violations, while humanitarian intervention focuses on using coercive means to safeguard human well-being during crises and conflicts. Through case studies, we observe diverse applications and outcomes of R2P and humanitarian intervention in past international affairs, reflecting global community stances on human rights protection and maintaining global security. The paper also reveals challenges and controversies in the practical implementation of these concepts. Key findings of are follow. R2P emphasizes preventive measures, highlighting the importance of taking action before a human rights crisis escalates into a broader humanitarian crisis, with humanitarian intervention serving as a means to implement R2P. R2P provides a robust legal and ethical foundation for humanitarian intervention, integrating widely recognized legal and ethical principles into international consensus, ensuring the legitimacy of humanitarian intervention in specific contexts. R2P emphasizes multilateral decision-making and consultation in the decision-making process, minimizing controversies associated with unilateral actions and garnering broad international support for intervention efforts. In practice, R2P and humanitarian intervention complement each other, constituting essential tools for the international community to uphold human values and protect victims from widespread atrocities. These research findings lay the groundwork for a more comprehensive understanding and improvement of the principles of R2P and humanitarian intervention.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240707

    The Resolution of Disputes Concerning the Protection of Civilians in Areas of Engagement in Armed Conflict: Based on the Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions

    Nowadays, with frequent local wars, the forms and means of armed conflicts are changing. So, when it comes to protecting civilians in war zones, there are often difficulties. These difficulties are caused by a variety of factors, which have often been seen in local wars in recent decades. On the question of who should bear the responsibility for protecting civilians and to what extent, people from different positions often have different answers. This article seeks to build on the Geneva Additional Protocol I to explain why warring parties should follow the principles of distinction and proportionality in conflict and how they can protect the fundamental rights of civilians. Through case analysis and legal analysis, this paper focuses on the changes in the forms and modes of war in recent decades and summarizes the main difficulties in protecting civilians in war zones in today's international environment. At the same time, by interpreting the provisions of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions, this paper draws a conclusion that the application of international law norms to implement the principle of distinction and proportionality in armed conflict can protect the basic rights of civilians in war zones in various ways.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240709

    Limitation of Religion Information Spread under Media Law

    This article's research aims to let people better understand that freedom of speech needs to be controlled and has boundaries and limitations. Although the First Amendment of the Constitution seems to provide a very broad scope of free speech, a series of other bills have been established to restrict related harmful speech for the sake of public health and social morality. It is very necessary to understand this boundary, which can protect people from serious consequences of their speech due to an unclear understanding of the law. This article will focus on the legal definition of "freedom of speech" within the framework of media law and the First Amendment. Discuss the relationship between the Constitution, the First Amendment, and civil rights while elucidating the circumstances and restrictions on free speech and religious belief by government and religious institutions under media law and the First Amendment. Combining First Amendment-related sentencing bills and media law-related events, this research summarize the restrictions on religious freedom of expression. Although the First Amendment protects people's right to free speech, it cannot violate any laws, such as the Privacy Act and the Personal Reputation Act. Free speech itself cannot violate these other laws.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240715

    Research on Issues and Guidance Strategies of Peer Interactions During Area Activities in Senior Kindergarten Classes

    Area activities in a kindergarten setting are primarily child-centered, allowing children to make their own decisions, operate independently, and explore freely. These activities are crucial for enhancing children’s ability to interact with peers. During these self-directed area activities, children are not only able to reflect on their own behaviors but also respond to the actions of others. This cooperation and understanding foster improved peer interactions. This paper utilizes observational methods, interviews, and literature reviews, employing observation sheets for studying S Kindergarten. It focuses on three key issues in children’s peer interactions: aggressive behavior, egocentrism, and gender differences. The study analyzes the current state of teachers’ guidance strategies across three levels: linguistic, interactive, and environmental setup. It evaluates the existing practices in teachers’ guidance methods and concludes by offering improvements and recommendations for guiding peer interactions in senior kindergarten classes.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240717

    An Analysis of the Role and Impact of Teacher-Student Interaction on Establishing a Student-Centred Classroom Teaching Model

    In the context of the new round of basic education curriculum reform, the status of the student-centered classroom teaching model is becoming more and more important, while teacher-student interaction promotes the development of this teaching model to a certain extent. By analyzing the student-centered classroom teaching model and teacher-student interaction from many perspectives, this paper aims to explore the role and impact of teacher-student interaction on this teaching model. This paper argues that teacher-student interaction in the classroom can improve classroom efficiency, enhance the quality of teaching, create a positive atmosphere, and motivate students. Based on this, the paper puts forward the following suggestions, teachers should fully explore the potential of students according to their differences and provide personalised guidance for students. It also promotes the construction of students' knowledge systems and the realization of their personal goals, promotes the development of students' critical thinking and independent learning abilities, and helps them to achieve better learning outcomes.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240718

    The Impact of Online Learning Models on Educational Implementation and Issue Analysis

    When compared to in-person settings, despite the fact that online platforms provide flexible access, there are major pedagogical constraints that limit the ability to maintain student engagement and motivation. With the exponential growth in online education, comprehensively evaluating the efficacy and persistent barriers that constrain learner outcomes is imperative. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the evolution of online learning models, ideal frameworks, resultant transformations in teaching methodologies and learning processes, key challenges like uneven motivation and academic performance, and potential solutions. The findings reveal that despite expanding access and flexibility, fully online models hamper engagement and achievement due to transactional designs, social isolation, and motivation declines. However, emerging blended, multimedia and learner-driven personalization showcase the potential to match offline results by balancing experience, outcomes and access if challenges are addressed. Recommendations encompass competency analytics, teacher retraining in online best practices, tailor-made content, modernized platforms and inclusive upgrades to enhance user experience. Comparative research on motivation factors and skill building across settings can guide universal designs to fulfill online learning's global promise for equitable and rewarding access at scale.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240726

    The Influence of Art Therapy on Adolescent Identity Development

    Art therapy is an approach aimed at promoting the mental health of individuals through creative expression and self-exploration. The method has been widely used in the field of education and child psychotherapy, and significant progress has been made. In particular, art therapy plays an important role in adolescent identity development. Adolescence is regarded as a critical period in the formation of an individual's identity and they are faced with identity challenges and exploration. By engaging in art therapy activities, adolescents can express emotions and thoughts in creative ways as a means of exploring and shaping their identity. This article aims to analyze the benefits of art therapy on adolescent identity development by reviewing existing research and providing insights. The article will provide an in-depth look at three perspectives: art therapy open studios, school-based art therapy, and digital technology art therapy. The findings clearly show that art therapy helps adolescents to shape their self-identity to a certain extent. Therefore, it is necessary to further promote and apply art therapy to provide more opportunities and support for the healthy growth of adolescents. By expanding the scope and implementation of art therapy, people can further improve its effectiveness in adolescents' identity development, thus making a greater contribution to the development of their mental health and social adaptability.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240727

    International Law Issues and Countermeasures of Refugee Protection

    On January 17, 2022, the Russia-Ukraine war broke out, and on October 11, 2023, a new round of Israeli-Palestinian conflict broke out. In the context of the continued escalation of the Russia-Ukraine conflict and the renewed Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the international community is facing an increasingly severe problem of illegal immigration and refugees. At present, scholars at home and abroad have made a lot of achievements in the research of the world refugee problem in the areas of the concept of refugees, causes, responses to refugee problems, and solutions. However, domestic academic circles have done more research on regional or national refugee issues, such as European refugees, North African refugees, Syrian refugees, etc., and the research on the world refugee issue from a global perspective is relatively weak. This article is to study the refugee protection issue from the international legal level it is to discuss refugee protection from the global perspective.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240729

    Unpacking Gender Norms in China: A Discourse Analysis of Opposition Voices to Selling Sanitary Products on Trains

    Recently, there has been an online debate about whether sanitary pads should be sold on China's high-speed trains. In this paper, the author puts a major focus on those distasteful and malicious comments by male participants in this controversy and examines how these reflect the conflicts and complexity that exist underneath gender roles for women in contemporary Chinese society. Discourse analysis is used in the study. Twenty-five social media posts and comments are systematically coded according to their tones, themes of opposition, and implied gender dynamics. As a result, it is discovered that a large number of comments exhibit gender stereotypes and are insensitive to women's needs; this reveals the general negligence about and misconceptions regarding women’s sanitary needs. Additionally, the predominant tone of these comments is sarcastic and hostile, which shows adherence to traditional gender role norms and disdain for public discussion on women's health issues. Concerns about economics and practicality are also mentioned but tend to be lost amid the overall dismissal of women's needs. This study reveals how public awareness and attitudes toward women's sanitary needs are influenced by the tension between traditional gender views and progressive social thought.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240734

    Adapting to the AI Era: Higher Education's Opportunities and Challenges with ChatGPT

    As AI technology continues to evolve, higher education is facing profound changes. Driven by this change, advanced chatbots such as ChatGPT, as representatives of AI, have gradually become a focus of attention in higher education, triggering academic discussions on how to better integrate these technologies to facilitate learning and teaching. This paper aims to systematically grasp the opportunities and challenges of ChatGTP in higher education to explore in depth its positive role in academic support and teaching support for students and teachers. However, the challenges posed by the ChatGPT technology, which comes with opportunities, include academic integrity, information accuracy and reliability. At the same time, a number of potential solutions are presented, such as raising awareness of the advantages, limitations and potential risks of AI models, developing students' digital skills, and investing in research and development to improve transparency and control. Along with adapting to the age of AI, higher education needs to constantly explore new assessment models and teaching methods to better respond to developments in technologies such as ChatGPT.

  • Open Access | Article 2024-03-05 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/40/20240735

    The Impact of Social Media on the Commercialization and Market Value of Visual Art

    With the rapid development of social media, every aspect of people's lives has been affected. The art field is also transforming under the influence of social media, which has changed the value of artworks in the market and the commercialization process. This study will delve into the impact of social media on the commercialization and market value of artworks, reveal the intricate relationship between social media and the art market, and provide suggestions for relevant personnel. This research will use a qualitative analysis method to analyze the case of Zhao Xiaoli, a famous TikTok artist. The research results show that social media has democratized information in the art field, thus changing the traditional art market regarding selection, promotion, and transaction. In addition, social media has altered aesthetics in the art field and created more added value for artworks. Faced with such an impact, artists and social media face new opportunities to think and change. Artists should seize the opportunities given by social media, and social media should also give artists enough support to realize the free trade of artworks on social media. Simultaneously, under the influence of technology and the preference for trending content on social media, the art domain may witness issues such as art plagiarism and a tendency for artworks to prioritize popularity over creativity. Social media platforms should increase moderation and support different types of artwork equally. Artists should also maintain their original intentions and create unique works.

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