Proceedings of the International Conference on Global Politics and Socio-Humanities
Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University
Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia
Against the backdrop of rapid economic development and globalization, the trade environment for China’s manufacturing industry to integrate into the global value chain has undergone changes. The trade frictions between China and the United States have escalated from time to time, and how to face the challenges has become a major issue. Based on the background of trade frictions between China and the United States, this article first introduces the current development status of China’s manufacturing industry, and then conducts an in-depth analysis of the changes in international and domestic market demand for China’s manufacturing industry. Secondly, it analyzes the part of the Entity List of the China-United States trade war that affects the Chinese market, and analyzes the impact of Sino-US trade friction on the integration of China’s manufacturing industry and the global value chain. Finally, some suggestions are put forward for the Chinese manufacturing industry to cope with trade frictions between China and the United States, providing strategies for industry protection and the path to achieve the transition of the manufacturing industry in the global value chain.
The Russia-Ukraine war has been the headline of the news since 2022. There are enough research and reviews to explain the historical conflicts between Russia and Ukraine. The research is to assess the potential impact on Russia in the times of the Russia-Ukraine war before understanding in different causes of the war. The global financial restrictions on Russia have already impacted its economy greatly. With the sanctions from USA, UK, and EU, Russia reacted back by restricting their energy exporting to these countries. This led to a surge in inflation for these countries, which rippled the rest of the countries. With many countries negatively influenced by the war and the sanction, the study is meant to explain the rationale behind the war and examine the cost for Russia. Using empirical analysis and secondary research, the reason was oriented in the historical problem between Russia and Ukraine although there are other modern political reasons that would mention as well. The report concluded that Russia is negatively impacted because of different types of sanctions from many countries while Russia’s core and rare natural resources allow it to be resilient in the war.
As children’s psychological problems become more and more common, many papers focused on the impact of different parenting styles on the development of children’s anxiety and depression. On how certain parenting practises affect the onset of children’s psychological disorders, there is dispute, nevertheless. This paper gathered various papers that examined the relationship between parenting practises and children’s anxiety, depression, and academic performance. The present study then analysed the key points of each paper, listed its benefits and drawbacks, and made recommendations for further study. According to most findings, if parents apply a harsh parenting style, there will be a negative influence on children’s depression, anxiety and academic performance. Though it’s possible that cultural variables still have a significant impact on the association between parental practises and children’s psychological growth. Therefore, future research should concentrate on the effects of various parenting philosophies on kids’ psychological growth within various cultural contexts.
In modern society, with the rapid development of technology, visual communication based on visual images is one of the most important ways of transmitting information. This study is based on the development of urban landscape from the perspective of visual culture, based on the reception effect of sensory vision, to conduct a comprehensive study on the historical and cultural changes of landscape displayed by visual images of urban landscape in different periods. Taking the Bund area as a research case, using the methods of literature analysis and content analysis to interpret the visual images of Shanghai Bund from the pre-opening period, the concession period, to the modernization period, and explore the historical change information conveyed by the visual images and the visual image itself, The history of technological innovation. The study found that visual images, as a means of conveying content, are more intuitive than text and discourse, and the development of media with the advent of modernization makes it a faster and more convenient mode of communication. As the subject of research, the urban landscape not only conducts historical and cultural research as a visual image observed by vision but also can react to people's cultural awareness, visual cognition, and aesthetic values according to its own shape and cultural core. Therefore, urban landscape development under visual culture interacts with the means of communication based on visual images. With the advancement of the times and continuous technological innovation, it will face more challenges.
This article presents a comprehensive synthesis of the literature exploring the role of working memory in second language (L2) oral production. It systematically reviewed nine studies investigating the associations between working memory and L2 speaking, focusing on research foci, working memory measurement, speaking tasks, and performance. The synthesized results revealed a positive correlation between working memory and language production aspects, including accuracy, lexical complexity, and fluency. Learners with stronger working memory demonstrated superior performance, particularly in complex tasks. However, some studies did not find a significant predictive relationship, possibly due to sample homogeneity, sampling heterogeneity, or task complexity. This systematic review sheds light on the crucial role of working memory in L2 oral production and provides valuable insights for language educators and researchers.
Talent introduction policy is one of the key topics of today’s research. The talent introduction policy in China is constantly being updated, there are some unreasonable factors that have caused some policies to be unable to implement, especially in terms of talent housing. At present, most of the research on national housing policies that are concentrated in developed countries at home and abroad. However, there are still gaps in the research on talent introduction policies considering Chinese national conditions and the policy comparison between two different countries and regions, as well as the single analysis of talent housing policies.Therefore, the research purpose of this article is to compare the housing policies between Shenzhen and Singapore. The research methods of this article are as follows: First of all, collecting policy information of Shenzhen and Singapore. Secondly, using gradualist models to analyze the changes of formulating talent housing policies in Shenzhen and Singapore.Then, through comparative analysis, a system that is both in line with the current state of social development and worthy of reference was constructed. Finally, suggestions were made for the talent housing policy in Shenzhen. Studies have found that priority solving affordable housing can effectively solve the housing problems in Shenzhen of China, and then promote the improvement of talent living policies.
At present, China is facing the great challenge of an aging population, and the digital divide for the elderly has become a difficult problem that the government has to face. This paper adopts the literature review method, summarizes the previous research results, analyzes the difficulties existing in the governance of the digital divide for the elderly from the perspectives of the elderly themselves, enterprises and the government, and gives optimization suggestions, aiming to provide some theoretical references for bridging the digital divide for the elderly in China. The research shows that the negative perception of the elderly themselves, the incomplete transformation of enterprises to adapt to the aging, and the absence of government policies are all the existing dilemmas in this aspect of governance. Based on this, the paper puts forward the path of governance optimization: the family should assume the obligation of digital feeding; Enterprises need to enhance the sense of social responsibility and actively participate in the aging transformation; The government should improve the implementation rules of the policy and formulate corresponding laws and regulations.
The availability bias is a common cognitive bias that influences decision-making in individuals. The basis for the bias is the availability heuristic, which involves judging the likelihood of an event based on the ease with which examples come to mind. The article examines the definition of the availability heuristic, its impact on decision-making, and its application to purchasing decisions. The availability bias can have a significant effect on decision-making, and it is evident in marketplace activities. Therefore, this study examines the impact of usability bias on decision making through two research studies that demonstrating the influence of availability bias on decision-making. According to the results of the analysis, the availability bias can lead to a certain cognitive bias, which can affect the decision to buy or invest in a product.
Guidelines for College and University Teaching from the Ideological and Political Perspective issued by the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China have cleared teaching objectives and focuses on the ideological and political dimension. In this context, this paper integrates business ethics into the “Business English” curriculum and discusses ideological and political system construction and implementation suggestions on the higher vocational college’s “Business English” curriculum under the guidance of the “talent development” model. By providing ideological theory guidance and teaching practice advice, the paper aims to cultivate more compound talents in the field of business English. The author adopts the empirical research method by designing the questionnaire and quantifying the practice results. Consequently, it is proved that the integration of business ethics into the “Business English” curriculum of higher vocational colleges is feasible and has a significant outcome. This research innovates the framework of “Business English” teaching from the ideological and political perspective and provides specific operation procedures and effect analysis on the level of teaching practice.
This essay aims to analyze the specific application of Émile Durkheim's theory, particularly on suicide, in the field of sociology. The research objectives are to understand the role of social factors in suicide and to explore the insights that Émile Durkheim's theory can provide. The research method involves examining the Tianshan Gate incident, a specific case that exemplifies the influence of social factors on suicide. A comprehensive analysis of the incident revealed that social isolation and financial difficulties significantly increase the risk of suicide. This highlights the importance of social integration and support systems in preventing suicide. The findings emphasize the need for interdisciplinary cooperation in studying suicide, as it requires a holistic understanding of individual and social factors. The research concludes that Émile Durkheim's theory offers valuable insights into the complex nature of suicide as a social phenomenon and underscores the significance of addressing social determinants for effective suicide prevention. By understanding and addressing the underlying social factors, society can create a supportive environment that reduces the risk of suicide and promotes mental well-being.
This study researched hukou’s effect on education inequality, indirectly exacerbating the human backflow to suburbs and rural areas and resulting in more severe counter-urbanization. In the context of the economic downturn, job shortages are particularly acute in big cities. In the 2020s, increasing human inflow in giant cities and new industrial upgrading limit the jobs. Such a situation causes problems in the making of policies. Existing literature analyzes how education inequality affects people’s income but does not combine it with the human flow. This thesis will fill the gap in researching how hukou plays a role in distributing education resources to have an impact on counter-urbanization. Hukou and education inequality cause barriers for migrants to settle down in big cities. The severe employment situation in cities causes human outflow, then exacerbates counter-urbanization. The research results indicate that Hukou will affect the next generation’s education distribution and cause the human flow to turn to rural areas and suburbs in the 2020s.
With the concern for social justice, more and more disciplines are focusing on and studying intersectional stereotypes and calling for as much attention and protection of the rights and fair treatment of different groups as possible. However, as an interdisciplinary field, the findings of intersectional stereotypes lack a system and are more difficult to integrate. This paper aims to collect the existing scientific findings, outline the existing research directions and look into the future. The article first reviews the definition and origin of intersectional stereotype, then summarizes the existing research and divides it into two parts, focusing on whether intersectional stereotype exists in different factors and scenarios, and how intersectional stereotype is formed. As the scope of intersectionality research in academia expands and deepens, this paper aims to contribute to the discussion and development of the field by summarizing existing knowledge and focusing on emerging research directions and themes, and also appealing attention to groups that are negatively affected by intersection stereotypes and implicit discrimination.
The historical issues that caused a long-lasting education equity issue in America have been relieved by the emergence of charter schools as a popular alternative to traditional public schools. This study aims to analyze the influence of charter schools on educational equity in the United States. The research involved a literary review, incorporating both quantitative and qualitative analysis from reports done by experts in educational equity. This paper will first define the systemic issues of education inequality. Next, the paper will compare the situation of education equity before and after the emergence of charter schools. Then, the paper will identify the reason why charter schools can enhance educational equity in the United States. Finally, this paper will offer constructive suggestions targeting some existing drawbacks of charter schools for improving educational equity in the United States. Overall, this paper finds that charter schools have a positive influence on enhancing educational equity in America.
This paper studies the background of China’s educational equity and the problems and solutions of Chinese school education. Using the method of literature review, the research results of scholars at home and abroad are integrated, and the field is systematically sorted out and analyzed. The study found that the problems faced by Chinese education mainly include the inequality of regional education development and the inequality of urban and rural education. There are differences in the allocation of educational resources in different regions, resulting in insufficient education quality and opportunities in some regions, which in turn exacerbates the problem of educational inequality. Secondly, the inequality of urban and rural education is also a major problem of education fairness in our China. Due to the uneven distribution of urban and rural economic development and resources, rural education conditions are relatively poor, and students have limited learning opportunities and resources, resulting in a widening urban-rural education gap. country place. In response to these problems, this study proposes solutions to deepen reform and promote educational equity. Through literature review and analysis of the problems existing in our Chinese education, put forward corresponding solutions, and make corresponding efforts to promote educational equity.
Adolescents’ safety has been widely discussed in recent years. If teens fail to develop good safety habits, teens may be harmed at a physical or even mental level. Among other things, the risk-taking behavior of adolescents endangers their safety to a certain extent. Interpersonal interactions are also indispensable in the social environment, especially when adolescents are not yet fully mature, and their peers may also have some influence on their behaviors. This study aimed to examine the relationship between peer influence and risk-taking behavior among adolescents. Peer influence may be accounted for a large portion of the causes of adolescents' behaviors. Based on some past relevant literature, this paper speculates on some potential factors, such as age, cognition, emotion, and gender. Because of some limitations in the existing research, such as the small sample size, some of the inferred conclusions in this paper should be taken with caution. Nevertheless, this paper provides a reference angle for the subsequent improvement of the research area, which can help develop effective prevention and intervention strategies for adolescents.
With the rapid development of China’s market economy and urbanization, China’s informal economy has also developed rapidly, and the number of people in informal employment has been increasing. Academics often hold a dualistic perspective on the emergence of informal employment, and in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, neo-Marxist and neo-liberal perspectives emerged. These theories are of some significance in understanding the rise of informal employment in China, but they are not sufficiently comprehensive and detailed, and are difficult to provide a more accurate theoretical basis for decision-making. This paper explores Bourdieu’s theory of practice and recognizes that the informal employment population includes both rural-to-urban and urban-to-urban categories, the latter being more complex. In the post-pandemic era, faced with the background of boosting employment, promoting consumption and restoring the economy, how to guide the informal economy to high-quality development has become an issue that policymakers must consider.
In the digital era, the reliance of college students on electronic devices for their learning activities has grown significantly. The growing reliance on this has raised worries regarding its impact on students' learning preferences and academic achievements. As a result, the current study seeks to investigate how the utilization of electronic devices affects college students' studying patterns and academic outcomes. To achieve this objective, a comprehensive investigation will be conducted using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods to gather data from college students representing diverse disciplines and academic backgrounds. Furthermore, this study will analyze the potential merits and drawbacks of employing electronic devices in an academic setting. Additionally, the investigation will delve into diverse elements linked to how the utilization of electronic devices impacts academic performance, such as usage duration, types of applications utilized, and individual differences among students. The anticipated results of this research hold the potential to significantly enrich the knowledge about the impact of electronic devices on students' study habits and academic performance. The study findings indicate a notable association between excessive use of electronic devices and academic performance decline among contemporary college students. Moreover, the widespread prevalence and integration of electronic products have, to some extent, altered the learning approach and lifestyle of college students.
Mind mapping is an effective graphic thinking tool for expressing divergent thinking proposed by Tony Buzan, a world-renowned psychologist and educator. It is a practical thinking tool that is simple, yet effective and efficient at the same time. Mind mapping develops students’ thinking skills, logical skills, etc. This study aims to investigate the development of metacognitive ability of students through the production of mind mapping. Through a review of related literature, the study found that mind mapping can promote students’ categorization and organization skills, help students discover and understand new relationships, improve problem-solving skills, and facilitate the deposition of learning outcomes. In addition, mind mapping production requires student participation, thereby improving students’ metacognitive ability. The literature access suggests that the production of mind mapping has a significant effect on the development of students’ metacognitive ability, and it should be introduced into education. In the future, the production method of mind mapping should be further optimized, and its application scenarios should be studied to improve students’ learning effectiveness and metacognitive ability development.
The challenges online mathematics education faces in rural primary schools in China are systematic. This article addresses five aspects of the challenge. Poor infrastructure, poor signal, and backward network configuration in rural areas have caused students’ online access difficulties. Second, purchasing high-performance electronic equipment is a burden for many families due to poverty in rural areas. In addition, the learning facilitation in rural areas is weak; students need to cope with the rapid transition from traditional offline to online learning. When the drawing and tabulation required for learning mathematics are changed from manual to online, new operations and software must be learned, and both students and teachers need assistance. Finally, teacher-student interaction, assessment and feedback also present unique challenges for online mathematics education. These challenges include physical barriers brought by the external environment and psychological barriers that students need to overcome, which will widen the gap in mathematics achievement between urban and rural students, and some even affect all subjects. Therefore, eliminating these challenges or reducing their negative impact is an urgent task to narrow the urban-rural education gap.
In the background of the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, people are suffering from the brutality of war. However, it is not obvious that the minority children are actually the most affected among people other than soldiers, politicians and other civillians. This paper will be a review on the existing problems children face and how they are still prevalent nowadays. This research will attempt to move the spotlight on the war itself, where people are not directly engaged with, to the lives of children, whom people could care about and actually put effort in it to help the situation to get better. In Ukraine, children face the risk of diseases, psychological illness, halt of or experience education with misinformation. This study uses the method of case study and aims to create a gather of scattered information in news, UN reports and volunteer interviews to showcase the lives of children in current Ukraine.