Lecture Notes in Education Psychology and Public Media

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Volume Info.

  • Title

    Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Educational Innovation and Philosophical Inquiries

    Conference Date







    978-1-83558-047-9 (Print)

    978-1-83558-048-6 (Online)

    Published Date



    Enrique Mallen, Sam Houston State University

    Javier Cifuentes-Faura, University of Murcia


  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230702

    Study on Curriculum Management Model of Shanghai International High School

    Along with the development of globalization in society and the economy, international education has become an important bridge between domestic and foreign exchange of talented people. However, the Chinese educational management systems are not sound. To improve their ability to study independently and adapt to the new situation, we need to innovate and reform the teaching management model of international schools. Shanghai makes an evaluation of its international course establishment and management. This paper probes into the major problems in the course establishment and management and gives some suggestions on how to optimize the international course setup and implement management for Shanghai International Curriculum Design and Execution Management.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230703

    The Relationship Between Academic Performance and Anxiety: A Multi-Angle Review

    Academic pressure has always been a tremendous topic. With the world marching into the second decade of the 21st century, one cannot identify a single element that is affecting people’s pressure and mood. The bond between students’ mental health and academic performance has caused many researches which explore the potential negative outcome of unproductive and damaging relational circulation. This paper strives to discover the relationship between academic performance and anxiety from a multi-level analysis, including but not limited to Social-Emotional Competency (SEC), family conditions and the current COVID-19 pandemic. Through collecting data from different sources that examined students’ mental health status and academic performance under various circumstances and cultural backgrounds, this paper finds that stress and anxiety are negatively correlated with academic performance if they are not properly coped with; different factors like language barriers and current COVID-19 pandemic, for example, can exaggerate the effect of anxiety on academic performance in different subgroups of students from different cultures. This paper calls for more attention to students’ mental health under current COVID-19 pandemic, as well as those who are under high-intensity studying environment with limited psychological and social resources.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230704

    A Breakthrough in the Traditional Combination of Psychology and Interaction Design ---- Wearable Devices

    Wearable devices are currently mostly used in the medical field to monitor the physical condition of humans, but little study is known on the mental level. This article focuses on the implications of applying wearable devices to contemporary design and art, and how wearable devices can care for the spiritual aspect of the wearer. For achieving this, it is essential to invite the audience to participate in the design process, to consider and discuss an idealized design product together, and to move away from “design to solve the needs of human life”. The study received positive feedback from participants through case studies and a self-practice component. It can be concluded that wearable devices targeting the traditional healthcare industry have become the traditional way of healthcare, society and individuals should turn their attention to human consciousness, psychological interactions and how to deal with tricky intimate relationships.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230705

    Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Paris Agreement - An Angle from the Determining of Normative Framework

    The previous studies on Paris Agreement almost only analyzed the single field related to it, such as international cooperation and low-carbon economy. Therefore, this study will make an overall consideration of the Paris Agreement. In the sixth year after the implementation of the Paris Agreement, this study evaluates the effectiveness of the Paris Agreement under the circumstance that various scholars and academic circles attach great importance to climate change. In accordance with the chronological and systematic archival research methods, this study clearly sorted out information related to climate change and global governance in the context of the signing of the Paris Agreement by citing empirical literature and analytical theoretical knowledge. This study analyzed the “scholars views on climate change”, for example, in international cooperation in the field of climate change is compare difficult, “the Paris agreement itself”, namely, the main goal of target, NDC and some related regulations, the implementation of “the Paris agreement” triple dilemma, such as the global inventory for further analysis, assess the effectiveness of the Paris Agreement. According to the above analysis, the Paris agreement can only be said to be relatively effective. At the end of the paper, the author also evaluates this research.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230706

    The Influence of Critical Period Hypothesis on the Second Language Acquisition

    Critical Period Hypothesis is an important theory to reveal the relationship between age and second language acquisition. This theory plays a vitally important role in studying the impact of different ages on learning a second language. Based on this theory, this article focuses on the different viewpoints of the proponents and opponents of it. The conclusion is that, though, age plays a great role in language learning, branches of foreign language learning, such as accuracy of pronunciation and grammar, the acquisition of language is still affected by other factors, such as professional training, attitude, and cognitive ability in a foreign language. Therefore, it inspires or improves teaching methods in foreign language learning, which let children make full use of the advantage of early learning and make adults study willingly and attach importance to language output and input.It is suggested that teachers and students should make good use of the characteristics of learning at different ages in the process of teaching and learning, so as to teach and learn more effectively.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230707

    Analysis of the Application of Statistics in Education

    Today, most people think that there is no use of statistics in education, a subject that does not seem to be directly related to data, or does not understand the use of statistics in education. This paper will introduce the application of statistics in three different aspects of education. Educational statistics is an important tool in educational management, educational decision-making and educational reform. People can use statistical methods to improve educational management and improve the quality of education, make better educational decisions and promote educational reform.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230709

    Research on the Connections Between Emotions and Gratitude

    This paper mainly studies relationship between emotions and gratitude. This paper analyzes the relevant data through questionnaires. The three main groups of data are the comparison between females and males, positive emotions and gratitude, and negative emotions with gratitude. It was concluded that the p-value between negative emotions and gratitudes is 0.5071, and between females and males is 0.8548. They are both bigger than 0.05 which means both of them are not significant. As for positive emotions and gratitude, the p-value is 0.0237, which is less than 0.05, so this is significant. The conclusion drawn is there is a relationship between positive emotions and gratitude.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230710

    Research on Positive Emotions Used on Relieve Social Anxiety and Academic Stress for High School Student

    High school students generally have high stress levels, which is mainly reflected in the high academic stress level and anxiety in social environment in school. And it is difficult for high school students to adjust emotion, so the aim is to find out which stress and anxiety that high school students actually suffer from, and then to identify causes, helping high school students to cope with these stress and anxiety. The conclusion is that high school students should be given some advices, providing professional guidance and comprehensive help from the perspective of positive emotions.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230711

    Do Robots Have Soul? A Study over the Influence of Social Ecology over Robotic Design

    In real life, we always see some cute and harmless robots that interact with us like animals or humans. Social ecology embeds the fundamentals of techno-animistic thinking in different societies and lead to the variances of technological design on robotic features. Techno-animism denotes the formation of human cognition towards technological creations. In this regard, this paper discusses the impact of human cognition on the design of robots.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230713

    Analysis and Discussion of China’s Double Reduction Policy

    Teenagers in China are faced with a heavy academic burden, and the educational expenses that have to be invested in raising their children also bring financial burdens to families. The Chinese government has launched the double reduction program to overhaul the edu-cation sector in response to the issues in education. Through a political study of the double reduction policy from the perspectives of social population and economic development, this article will explore the double reduction policy’s effects on society and the education sector. The implementation of this policy not only offers Chinese children and families better learning environments and equitable educational chances, but also contributes to al-leviating China’s aging population.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230714

    Exploring the Relationship Between Inequality and Economic Stagnation

    Many countries facing economic stagnation recently have achieved significant economic development for the past few decades. Those countries are mostly in Asia, and it is easy to make the connection to Thailand as its location and outperformance in economic development. As many countries are facing this issue, it is essential to find the reason for this to happen to help solve the dilemma and continue the economic growth in those countries. This paper looks into the specific causation of inequality to economic stagnation and establishes the causal relationship between them. This is important because establishing the relationship can help to suggest possible solutions for solving economic stagnation where no existing report has been done. Throughout the paper, it contains secondary data resources and used qualitative research resources as support to make the argument. Showing the data of GDP identifies the economic stagnation, and these data are already being collected and shown online. Many previous studies have pointed out the possible problem of economic stagnation in Thailand maybe inequality but without an actual in-depth study. Knowing that Thailand is focusing on its development in human capital, a focus on education was selected and centered on searching data and arguments that are supported. Finding existing papers with data elaborated on the problem of inequality and outcomes brought by inequality in the current Thai education system, it can be further analyzed to conclude that the outcomes are closely related and caused by inequality in the society. The poor outcomes can lead to not having enough high-educated talents in the labor market, then cause a slowdown in companies’ and economic development, which falls to economic stagnation. Based on analyzing this evidence, a relationship can be established between the inequality in society and the education system and then caused an effect on economic development.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230715

    The International Process of Euthanasia Legislation Based on a Comparative Law Perspective

    The question of whether euthanasia is a means for the elimination of misfeasance has always been the focus of international attention and difficulty. Traditional studies on euthanasia have been devoted to exploring the rationality as well as the legality of euthanasia. Meanwhile, the legislative techniques of euthanasia were explored on the basis of the existing studies on euthanasia. Instead, this paper is dedicated to examining the reasons inherent in the legality of euthanasia in various countries. The current international situation with regard to euthanasia legislation was presented, and the background of countries in the world that currently have euthanasia legislation and their legal documents were described. The underlying reasons for the different attitudes towards euthanasia in countries with different development models were analyzed by comparing the attitudes towards euthanasia in developing and developed countries without euthanasia legislation, as well as the relevant drafts, proposals, and cases, and the corresponding recommendations were proposed to promote the way forward for euthanasia legislation in China. It is concluded that different factors, such as the economy, religion, and social risk-taking, have different influences on attitudes towards euthanasia in countries with different development models. For euthanasia legislation in mainland China, it is suggested that corresponding legislative proposals should be made in both substantive and procedural aspects, with China’s national conditions taken into account.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230716

    Study of Education and Punishment Based on Game Theory

    Punishment as a means to regulate students’ behavior has reached a consensus in Chinese education for thousands of years, but it does not play a sufficient role in guiding the specif-ic problems in today’s social practice. Based on the idea of game theory, this paper con-structs a mixed strategy game model in which schools, teachers and students participate at the same time, and through the analysis of the mixed strategy Nash equilibrium of the game model, puts forward methods to reduce students’ mistakes and improve students’ moral level. The results show that the probability of teachers’ implementation of educa-tional discipline is mainly related to the degree of punishment for teachers’ failure to im-plement educational discipline, the income and cost of paying attention to students’ moral cultivation; Students’ wrong behaviors are influenced by the spiritual benefits, costs, pun-ishments, rewards and costs obtained by teachers’ implementation of educational punish-ments, punishments obtained by teachers’ non implementation of educational punish-ments, and the benefits and costs of schools’ emphasis on students’ moral cultivation; It will be more helpful to improve the efficiency of the standardized training of students by improving the punishment for teachers’ failure to implement education discipline and stu-dents’ wrong behavior and reducing the cost of paying attention to students’ moral training.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230717

    Research on Causes of Depression in Adolescents

    In adolescence, the development of individual physiological characteristics is often very fast, while the psychological development is relatively slow, which leads to a state of disequilibrium of the body and mind, and in some serious cases, even internal imbalance, resulting in a variety of negative emotional expressions such as mental distress, despair, pessimism, and helplessness, as well as other internal stress psychological problems such as mental depression and anxiety. In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of cases in which adolescents in China have withdrawn from school, become depressed, or even committed suicide due to academic pressure and family factors in high school. These facts have prompted adolescent education scholars to pay continuous attention to the underlying causes of depressive behaviors and their countermeasures among adolescents.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230721

    A Comparative Study of Music Curriculum Standard of Chinese Compulsory Education Art Curriculum ----Take 2022 Edition and 2011 Edition as Examples

    The quality of art curriculum standards determines the quality of national music education in a country. Therefore, the study of art curriculum standards has attracted more and more attention from all over the world. This paper takes the 2022 and 2011 versions of the art curriculum standards in mainland China as the research object, and uses the comparative research method to deepen the cognition of the 2022 version of the art curriculum standards and predict the problems that may be encountered in practice through the comparison of the curriculum core, curriculum content and evaluation standards, so as to optimize the teaching process.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230723

    Evaluating the “Program of Strengthening Basic Disciplines” from Different Perspectives --Based on Perspectives from Sociology, Pedagogy and Economics

    College entrance examination has always been a controversial issue in Chinese education. Many people complain that it was not fair to decide which university to attend only on the score of one test, which lacked the comprehensive quality consideration of students. Therefore, in recent years, China changed the method of university admission. Instead of the policy of independent enrollment, China launched a policy named “Program of Strengthening Basic Disciplines”. Students who sign up for the policy will travel to specific top universities for written tests and interviews. Students who do well in both tests are given the privilege of being admitted to the university at a lower cut-off point. While getting into the college ultimately depends on how well students do in the college entrance examination, the inclusion of college interviews and written tests have made the whole admissions process more thorough and fairer. Because of the outbreak of Covid-19 in Shanghai, the author was unable to travel for field trips or interviews. Therefore, this paper will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of “Program of Strengthening Basic Disciplines” from the perspective of multiple disciplines based on the network data and existing papers. “Program of Strengthening Basic Disciplines” has been implemented for only two years, but its advantages are significant. However, there are still some potential risks worth noting. Therefore, this paper will try to find a better improvement direction for the program through an in-depth analysis of it.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230724

    An Educational Virtual Reality Game from an Embodied Cognitive Perspective -Take the Game “Poetry” as an Example

    With the rapid development of virtual reality (VR) technology, it has become a trend to apply VR technology to assist teaching in the field of education. At present, the learning of traditional poetry is often in the form of book learning. The lack of physical and sensory interaction in the learning process leads to a lack of initiative and enthusiasm for learning, resulting in low learning efficiency. Based on this background, this paper develops a poetry learning game based on VR technology, which creates interactive scenarios based on the depiction of poems and allows users to learn poems in an immersive experience. Users can complete their poetry learning objectives by experiencing the game’s plots and completing game tasks. Based on embodied cognition theory, the game applies the strong sense of presence and immersion of VR technology to enhance the interaction between the user’s body and the poetry scene, thus improving the user’s knowledge and understanding of the poetry, deepening their memory of the poetry and enabling them to learn in a more effective and interesting form. The game uses Cinema4D to design and model the poetry scenes and the game engine Unity to realize the interaction with the user. Through the study of the game scenes and user evaluation, the experimental results show that the game achieves the design purpose and has an application value.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230726

    Analysis of Relation of High School Students’ Math and Science Motivational Belief and Their Subsequent STEM Major Choice in College and the Gender Difference

    Expectancy-value theory and Dimensional comparison theory were used to design the instrument of this research. This study examines the relationship between the grade twelfth (G12) high school students’ math and science motivational belief and their STEM major choice in college. Additionally, this study examined how math and science motivational beliefs and STEM outcomes varied by gender. This research is conducted by 30 secondary students who is the twelfth grade students and participates into the entrance of university examination in Guangzhou China through questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by qualitative method structural equation modeling with SPSS and Python to modeling the variables to find the coefficients. From the SEM analysis, it is shown that confidence in acquiring skill in mathematics (0.35) and science (0.08) enables G12 students to choose empirical major but not math-intensive STEM college major such as engineering, agriculture or medicine. Meanwhile, the anxiety of the mathematics score (-0.02) and the science score (0.29) present that students are highly involved in their related subject studies even though they suffer academic pressure. According to the broken-line analysis, students consider mathematics mostly as a benefit to future university study (3.65), and science is more for daily life function (3.71). Lastly, it is proposed that the male performs better than the female but there is no apparent gender difference in STEM performance.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230727

    Multidimensional Analysis of Continuation Writings by Chinese Learners of English Across Different Proficiency Levels

    This study used multidimensional analysis to investigate whether English learners’ writing features vary significantly across their proficiency levels in the continuation writing task. Writings were collected from 30 Chinese high-school English learners, who were divided into three proficiency groups based on their writing scores. Their writing texts were analyzed by using Multidimensional Analysis Tagger (MAT 1.3). The results showed that three groups varied significantly in the dimensions of formality and abstractness of their writings. These two dimensions are related to the proportion of nouns and conjunctions in writings. Writings by higher proficiency students were more formal and abstract because of higher proportions of nouns and conjunctions than those by intermediate and low proficiency students. The results indicate that teachers can improve students’ writing performance by introducing some formal words and conjunctions to students.

  • Open Access | Article 2023-10-26 Doi: 10.54254/2753-7048/11/20230728

    On the Education and Culture of Immigrants to the United States

    There was an increase in Asian immigration to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries because new policies were implemented, loosening some of the restrictions around immigration for Asian people. As they arrived in the United States, they were subjected to cultural and educational shocks; they had to learn how to assimilate into American culture because they wanted to become a part of American society. The question arises about why many Asian people chose to immigrate to the United States and how they managed to assimilate into American culture, and through an in-depth analysis of the existing literature, it was found that due to the American involvement in Asia during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Asian people were drawn to the United States because they wanted to achieve the American dream, and they were able to succeed because of their emphasis on education and collectivistic culture.

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